Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg as Saint Jerome

Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg as Saint Jerome

Title

Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg as Saint Jerome

[John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, revised 2014]

Painting on wood

Medium

Painting on wood

[John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, revised 2014]

Cranach depicts Albrecht von Brandenburg in cardinal's vestments in the role of St Jerome in a comfortable study with a coffered ceiling that is lit from the right by a crown glass window. The cardinal is seated at a large desk with writing implements, books and a crucifix. On the

Cranach depicts Albrecht von Brandenburg in cardinal's vestments in the role of St Jerome in a comfortable study with a coffered ceiling that is lit from the right by a crown glass window. The cardinal is seated at a large desk with writing implements, books and a crucifix. On the wall behind him is a shelf with books and crockery, a depiction of the Virgin and Child as well as other articles of daily use. In addition to the lion, represented as his attribute, there is also a family of pheasants, a young stag, a beaver, a squirrel, a hare and a macaw in the painting.

[Görres, cda 2016]

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, revised 2014]

Production date
1526

Production date

1526

[dated]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 114.9 x 89.1 cm (45 1/4 x 35 1/16 in.)

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 114.9 x 89.1 cm (45 1/4 x 35 1/16 in.)

  • [John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, revised 2014]

  • 114.9 x 78.9 cm

  • [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, 254]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia on the leg of the table in the foreground: winged serpent with elevated wings facing right and dated '1526'; in black paint

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia on the leg of the table in the foreground: winged serpent with elevated wings facing right and dated '1526'; in black paint

  • [John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, revised 2014]

Owner
John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota
Repository
John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota
Location
Sarasota
CDA ID
US_RMAS_SN308
FR (1978) Nr.
FR186
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/US_RMAS_SN308/

Provenance

  • 1744 (no. 349) and 1789-1803 (no. 237) in the collection of the Dukes of Braunschweig-Lüneburg [Salzdahlum inventories] {according to letter from August Fink, 1959} [1]
  • 1811 sold? from Salzdahlum {from Gilbert-Fink correspondence 1959}
  • 1851 in the collection of Councillor Hollandt in Brunswick {from Schuchhardt 1851}
  • 1900 in the collection of Colonel von Natzmer in Potsdam
  • 1908 in the collection of Cavalry Captain Kurt Schaumann, Haguenau
  • 1925 Galerie Schröder, Melzen
  • 1926 Galerie P. Cassirer, Berlin
  • By 1929 in the collection of John Ringling, Sarasota, Florida [3]
  • 1936 by bequest to the John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, Florida

[1] August Fink (once curator of the Herzog-Anton-Ulrich Museum) says in 1959 (letter in museum files) that the picture appears in the Salzdahlum inventory of 1744 but not in the catalogues of 1710 or 1776, indicating that it was 'not a part of the picture gallery but was hung in the private rooms of the ducal family. And most probably it is not an acquisition of the period of duke Charles I (1735-80) but part of the stock of the collections of the 17th or even 16th century. In the last inventory of the collection (1789-1803) it is Nr. 237.'

[2] [Schuchardt 1851, 35]:
'In Braunschweig
b) Sammlung des Raths Hollandt
60) Der heilige Hieronymus in seiner Zelle. Mit der Jahrzahl 1526. 4 Fuß hoch und 2 Fuß 9 Zoll 3 Linien breit.
Der Heilige, in Cardinaltracht, Portrait des Cardinals Albrecht von Mainz, sitzt in einem geräumigen Zimmer an einer weißen hölzernen Tafel von verschiedenen Thieren umgeben. Schönes Bild, doch nicht so ganz frisch und meisterhaft wie die vorzüglichsten Arbeiten Cranach's. Interessant ist es besonders deshalb, weil durch Perspective, Helldunkel des Zimmers und durch verständige Bertheilung der Localfarben ein hoher Grad von Haltung hervor gebracht ist, der eine Berechnung dahin voraussetzt. Die Thiere sind zierlich gemalt. Das Bild gleicht im Ganzen dem Gemälde mit demselben Gegenstande im darmstädter Museum.'

From Braunschweig im Jahre MDCCCXCVII., Städtische Festschrift veröffentlicht bei Gelegenheit der Versammlung Deutscher Naturforscher und Aerzte zu Braunschweig im Jahre 1897 (available as e-book):
'Sammlung Hollandt (Bruchthorpromenade 4) enthält ca. 75 Oelbilder älterer
deutscher, niederländischer und italienischer Meister. Besonders hervorzuheben ist ein Cyclus von sieben Bildern von Lucas Cranach, darstellend die Thaten des Herkules. Frau E. Hollandt.'

[3] In a publication of 1929 (Esther Singleton, Old World Masters in New World Collections), the author states that the picture 'came into possession of the present owner [John Ringling] from Baron Viehweg of Hanover, in whose family it had been since the time of Cranach.'

Also in exhibition catalogue of 1929 (Van Diemen Galleries, New York, Exhibition of Paintings by Lucas Cranach the Elder) the provenance is given thus: 'Collection Baron Viehweg, Hanover - Lent by John Ringling, Esq.'

[John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, revised 2019]

Exhibitions

New York, 1929
Reinhardt Galleries, New York, 1930
San Francisco World's Fair, 1940
St. Louis, 1947
Hartford Connecticut, 1949
Indianapolis Indiana, 1950
Northampton, Massachusetts, 1953
Los Angeles, 1957
Wildenstein Galleries, New York, 1961
New York, 1981
Sarasota, FL, 1986
Frankfurt 2007/2008, No. 67

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Brinkmann 2007 22
AuthorBodo Brinkmann
TitleDas Lächeln der Madonna. Lucas Cranach und die Folgen
Publicationin Bodo Brinkmann, ed., Cranach der Ältere, Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Pages17-27
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007 254-255 67 p. 255
EditorBodo Brinkmann
TitleCranach der Ältere, [Frankfurt, Städel Museum, 23 Nov 2007 - 17 Feb 2008]
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Tacke 2007 C 87, 88
AuthorAndreas Tacke
TitleMit Cranachs Hilfe: Antireformatorische Kunstwerke vor dem Tridentiner Konzil
Publicationin Bodo Brinkmann, ed., Cranach der Ältere, Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Link http://archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/artdok/volltexte/2012/2000
Pages81-89
Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994 332
EditorClaus Grimm, Johannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhoff
TitleLucas Cranach. Ein Maler-Unternehmer aus Franken [Festung Rosenberg, Kronach 17.05 - 21.08.1994; Museum der Bildenden Künste, Leipzig 07.09 - 06.11.1994]
SeriesVeröffentlichungen zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur
Volume26
Place of PublicationAugsburg, Coburg
Year of Publication1994
Exhib. Cat. Sarasota 1986
EditorJohn and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota
TitleGreat Paintings from the John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art [Sarasota, The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art]
Place of PublicationSarasota
Year of Publication1986
De Coo 1981 126
AuthorJosef De Coo
TitleA Medieval Look at the Mérode Annunciation
JournalZeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte
Place of PublicationSarasota
Issue44
Year of Publication1981
Pages114-132
Exhib. Cat. New York 1981
EditorWildenstein Galleries, Tampa Museum
TitleMasterworks from the John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art [New York, Wildenstein Galleries and the Tampa Museum]
Place of PublicationNew York
Year of Publication1981
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 No. 186
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 101
AuthorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522
Exhib. Cat. New York 1961
Authorn. a.
TitleLoan Exhibition of Paintings and Drawings. Masterpieces. A Memorial Exhibition for Adele R. Levy [New York, Wildenstein Galleries]
Place of PublicationNew York
Year of Publication1961
Exhib. Cat. Los Angeles 1957
Authorn. a.
TitleInaugural Exhibition. Great Masterpieces of Art [Los Angeles, County Art Institute]
Place of PublicationLos Angeles
Year of Publication1957
Exhib. Cat. Northampton 1953
Authorn. a.
TitleRenaissance Portraits [Northampton, Massachusetts, Smith College Museum of Art]
Place of PublicationNorthampton
Year of Publication1953
Exhib. Cat. Indianapolis 1950
Authorn. a.
TitleHolbein and His Contemporaries [Indianapolis, John Herron Art Museum]
Place of PublicationIndianapolis
Year of Publication1950
Cat. Sarasota 1949 256-257
AuthorWilliam E. Suida
TitleA Catalogue of Paintings in the John & Mable Ringling Museum of Art
Place of PublicationSarasota
Year of Publication1949
Exhib. Cat. Hartford 1949
Authorn. a.
TitlePictures within Pictures [Hartford Connecticut, Wadsworth Athenaeum]
Place of PublicationHartford
Year of Publication1949
Cat. Sarasota 1942 51-52
AuthorC. N. Vilas, N. R. Vilas
TitleThe John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art
Place of PublicationSarasota
Year of Publication1942
Kuhn 1936 38 095
AuthorCharles L. Kuhn
TitleA Catalogue of German Paintings of the Middle Ages and Renaissance in American Collections
Place of PublicationCambridge, Mass.
Year of Publication1936
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 158
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Exhib. Cat. New York 1930
Authorn. a.
TitleLoan Exhibition of Paintings from Memling, Holbein and Titian to Renoir and Picasso [New York, Reinhardt Galleries]
Place of PublicationNew York
Year of Publication1930
Exhib. Cat. St. Louis 1947
Authorn. a.
TitleForty Masterpieces. Fortieth Anniversary Exhibition [St. Louis, City Art Museum]
Place of PublicationNew York
Year of Publication1930
Exhib. Cat. New York 1929 13
Authorn. a.
TitleExhibition of Paintings by Lucas Cranach the Elder [New York, Van Diemen Galleries]
Place of PublicationNew York
Year of Publication1929
Schuchardt 1851 C 35 60
AuthorChristian Schuchardt
TitleLucas Cranach des Aeltern Leben und Werke. Zweiter Theil
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1851
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schuchardt1851bd2
  • Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg as Saint Jerome, 1526

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Technical studies

22.06.1992Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology

Support

Identification of wood species: beech wood

Youngest annual ring: 1523

[Klein Report, 22.06.1992]

  • examined by Peter Klein

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

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