Cranach - Christ and the Adulteress
Christ and the Adulteress
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Národní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague)
24.04.2019 - 18:22
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberCZ_NGP_DO4211
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/CZ_NGP_DO4211
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Christ and the Adulteress[Cat. Prague 2007, No. 16]
Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, no. 21] [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 16] [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2016, 105, No. 12]
Dating:
1537 or later[Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, no. 21] [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2016, 105, no. 12]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerNárodní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague)
RepositoryNárodní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague)
LocationPrague
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 86.5 x 121 cm [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 16]
Support:
Painting on beech wood [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 16] [Klein Report, 22.10.1999]
Signature / Date:
Artisti's insignia top right: winged serpent with folded wings [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, 40, No. 16]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Original Inscriptions:
Top: 'WER VNTER EVCH ON SVND IST DER WERFFE DEN ERSTEN STEIN AVFF SIE. IOHAN AM. 8.' [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 21]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse of the panel, on cradle: 'N: 172' [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 16]
Description:
Christ, who is in the centre of the image, points at the adulteress with his right hand. He looks in the direction of the group of men on the left side of the painting. They have already prepared themselves for the stoning. The soft features of Christ contrast with the angry, distorted features of the man at the front of this group and the profile of an old man on the right next to Christ's head. The apostles are shown behind Christ and the adulteress. The scene, which takes place against a dark background, is brought closer to the viewer by the chosen composition. [Görres, cda 2014]
Provenance:
- from Nostitz Collection, Prague; there most likely recorded for the first time in 1738, with certainty in 1819

[Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 21]
Exhibitions:
Prague 2005, no. 21
Prague 2016, no. 12
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Prague 201630, 102-10512Figs. pp. 30, 102, 103
Cat. Prague 20074216
Exhib. Cat. Prague 200598, 99 (English version 39)21Pl. p. 99
Chamonikola 2005 B28(English version 12)
Cat. Prague 196217
Cat. Prague 19051040
Frimmel 1892133, 319
Würbs 1864731
Schuchardt 1851 C110389
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.06.2014
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared Reflectography
  • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Národní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague) - Christ and the Adulteress - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - dry, drawing material, chalk

    Type/Ductus:
    - schematic, freehand underdrawing
    - delicate, fine lines

    Function:
    - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; no representation of volume

    Deviations:
    - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - Workshop of Lucas Cranach the Elder

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2014]
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • Date: 22.10.1999
    • Scientific analysis
    • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
    • Support
    • Identification of wood species: Beech wood
      Dendrochronology has established 1527 as the earliest date for the felling of the tree. [...] Taking a minimum of a two-year storage,into account the painting's crreation is plausible from 1529 (Peter Klein, 22 October 1999).
      [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 16]
      • examined by: Peter Klein
      History of Restoration:
      • Date: 2005
      • May 2005, condition before treatment: - extensive areas of baroque overpaint - particularly in the chest area of the adulteress (white lace on the bodice added later), the right hand, as well as the left hand and Christ's red mantle - Christ's left hand and the adulteress' right hand were repainted, in other versions of this subject Christ holds the hand of the adulteress [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 21]
      • conservation treatment by: Radomil Klouza