Cranach - Portrait of Christiane of Eulenau
Portrait of Christiane of Eulenau
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Staatsgalerie in der Neuen Residenz Bamberg
25.02.2020 - 22:49
Choose objects with for comparison
Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_BStGS_13706
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_BStGS_13706
FR (1978) No.FR349A
Title:
Portrait of Christiane of Eulenau[CDA 2011]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2011] [Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 134, No. 13706]
Lucas Cranach the Younger [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 491]
Hide content...
Dating:
1534[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerBayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen
RepositoryStaatsgalerie in der Neuen Residenz Bamberg
LocationBamberg
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 63.3 x 44.2 cm [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2011] [Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 134, No. 13706]
Support:
Painting on beech wood (Fagus sp.) [Klein, Report 2013] [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2011] [Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 134, No. 13706]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia: winged serpent and dated '1534' [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2010]
Description:
Christiane von Eulenau is depicted as a half-length figure turned slightly to the left. She looks at the viewer. She wears an elegant dress with a high collar and sleeves with slits. Her hair is pinned up under a pearl bonnet over which she wears a beret with an ostrich feather. She wears numerous linked chains around her neck and a neckband with a pendant. Her shadow is visible on the red background.
Provenance:
- 31.08. - 02.09.1933 auctioned at Fischer, Luzern, No. 448
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 139, No. 349A]
- Theodor Fischer, Luzern until 14.12.1938 (art market, Switzerland) [1]
- Walter Andreas Hofer, Berlin (art market, Germany) [1]
- a gift to Göring from A. Hitler, Christmas 1938 (24.12.1938)[1]
- 1966 transferred from State property

[1]Göring Collection, DHM database:
http://www.dhm.de/datenbank/goering/dhm_goering.php?seite=5&fld_0=RMG00476

[Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2011]
[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 134, No. 13706]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Munich 201156-57, 134Nos. 3, 13706Fig. p. 57
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005491under No. 44Fig. 212
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979139No. 349A
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974710 (Bd. II)No. 628
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
This and a further portrait of Christiane von Eulenau created at the same time by Lucas Cranach the Younger are the earliest examples in which he employs cast shadows to acentuate the figures. D. Koepplin attributes the invention of this device to Cranach's sons, Lucas the Younger and Hans.
[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 56, No. 3]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 24.11.2013
  • Scientific analysis
  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatsgalerie in der Neuen Residenz Bamberg - Portrait of Christiane of Eulenau - Analysis
  • Support
  • - 2 planks (planks I and II are from the same tree as 12 others, see list)

    - the most recent annual ring is from 1531, the earliest possible date the painting could have been created (taking a 2 year seasoning period into account) is 1533

    - examined on the 17.06.2010

    [Martin Schawe, Alte Pinakothek München, 01.04.2011]

    Planks I and II are made with wood from the same tree as the panel supports of the following paintings:

    - DE_smbGG_1832_FR239

    - DE_smbGG_1606_FR-none

    - DE_smbGG_617_FR314-315F

    - DE_smbGG_619_FR314-315F

    - DE_smbGG_55-2_FR-none

    - DE_KBSB_B56_FR381F

    - DE_HKH_HK-606a_FR338

    - DE_HKH_HK-606c_FR338

    - US_MMANY_46-179-1_FR-none

    - US_NAMAKC_31-112_FR415

    - Abschied der Apostel, Stockholm 254

    - Eva, Chicago 1935.295

    - Martin Luther, Donaueschingen
    • analysed by: Peter Klein
    • Date: 01.06.2010
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatsgalerie in der Neuen Residenz Bamberg - Portrait of Christiane of Eulenau - Infrared Images
    • Underdrawing
    • DESCRIPTION

      Tools/Materials:
      - dry drawing material, dark chalk; possibly in combination with a fluid, black medium and brush

      Type/Ductus:
      - copied lines
      - thin lines; possibly over traced lines
      - occasional hatching-strokes

      Function:
      - binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe essential details and the facial features; no representation of volume

      Deviations:
      - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

      INTERPRETATION

      Attribution:
      - not possible

      [Smith, Sandner, Heydeneich, cda 2013]
      • photographed by: BStGS Doerner Institut