Portrait of Christiane of Eulenau

Portrait of Christiane of Eulenau

Title

Portrait of Christiane of Eulenau

[CDA 2011]

Painting on beech wood (Fagus sp.)

Medium

Painting on beech wood (Fagus sp.)

[Klein, Report 2013]
[Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2011]
[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 134, No. 13706]

Christiane von Eulenau is depicted as a half-length figure turned slightly to the left. She looks at the viewer. She wears an elegant dress with a high collar and sleeves with slits. Her hair is pinned up under a pearl bonnet over which she wears a beret with an ostrich

Christiane von Eulenau is depicted as a half-length figure turned slightly to the left. She looks at the viewer. She wears an elegant dress with a high collar and sleeves with slits. Her hair is pinned up under a pearl bonnet over which she wears a beret with an ostrich feather. She wears numerous linked chains around her neck and a neckband with a pendant. Her shadow is visible on the red background.

Attributions
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Lucas Cranach the Younger

Attributions

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2011]
[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 134, No. 13706]

Lucas Cranach the Younger

[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 491]

Production date
1534

Production date

1534

[dated]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 63.3 x 44.2 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 63.3 x 44.2 cm

  • [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2011]

  • [Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 134, No. 13706]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia: winged serpent and dated '1534'

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia: winged serpent and dated '1534'

  • [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2010]

Owner
Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen
Repository
Staatsgalerie in der Neuen Residenz Bamberg
Location
Bamberg
CDA ID
DE_BStGS_13706
FR (1978) Nr.
FR349A
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS_13706/

Provenance

  • 31.08. - 02.09.1933 auctioned at Fischer, Luzern, No. 448
    [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 139, No. 349A]
  • Theodor Fischer, Luzern until 14.12.1938 (art market, Switzerland) [1]
  • Walter Andreas Hofer, Berlin (art market, Germany) [1]
  • a gift to Göring from A. Hitler, Christmas 1938 (24.12.1938)[1]
  • 1966 transferred from State property

[1]Göring Collection, DHM-database:
http://www.dhm.de/datenbank/goering/dhm_goering.php?seite=5&fld_0=RMG00476

[Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2011]
[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 134, No. 13706]

See also the entry in the Lost Art-database, Stiftung Deutsches Zentrum für Kulturgutverluste: Lost Art-ID 391051; http://www.lostart.de/DE/Fund/391051 (accessed 17 Dec. 2019).

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011 56-57, 134 Nos. 3, 13706 Fig. p. 57
AuthorMartin Schawe
EditorBayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen
TitleCranach in Bayern
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2011
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005 491 under No. 44 Fig. 212
EditorHarald Marx, Karin Kolb, Ingrid Mössinger
TitleCranach Anlässlich der Ausstellung Cranach vom 13. November 2005 bis 12. März 2006 in den Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz. Eine Ausstellung in Kooperation mit der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister der Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 139 No. 349A
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 710 (Bd. II) 628
AuthorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522

Description/ Interpretation/ Comments

This and a further portrait of Christiane von Eulenau created at the same time by Lucas Cranach the Younger are the earliest examples in which he employs cast shadows to acentuate the figures. D. Koepplin attributes the invention of this device to Cranach's sons, Lucas the Younger and Hans.

[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 56, No. 3]

  • Portrait of Christiane of Eulenau, 1534

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • overall
  • reverse
  • irr
  • analysis

Technical studies

24.11.2013Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • analysis

Support

- 2 planks (planks I and II are from the same tree as 12 others, see list)

- the most recent annual ring is from 1531, the earliest possible date the painting could have been created (taking a 2 year seasoning period into account) is 1533

- examined on the 17.06.2010

[Martin Schawe, Alte Pinakothek München, 01.04.2011]

Planks I and II are made with wood from the same tree as the panel supports of the following paintings:

- DE_smbGG_1832_FR239

- DE_smbGG_1606_FR-none

- DE_smbGG_617_FR314-315F

- DE_smbGG_619_FR314-315F

- DE_smbGG_55-2_FR-none

- DE_KBSB_B56_FR381F

- DE_HKH_HK-606a_FR338

- DE_HKH_HK-606c_FR338

- US_MMANY_46-179-1_FR-none

- US_NAMAKC_31-112_FR415

- Abschied der Apostel, Stockholm 254

- Eva, Chicago 1935.295

- Martin Luther, Donaueschingen

  • analysed by Peter Klein

06. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- dry drawing material, dark chalk; possibly in combination with a fluid, black medium and brush

Type/Ductus:

- copied lines

- thin lines; possibly over traced lines

- occasional hatching-strokes

Function:

- binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe essential details and the facial features; no representation of volume

Deviations:

- minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- not possible

[Smith, Sandner, Heydeneich, cda 2013]

  • photographed by BStGS Doerner Institut

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Portrait of Christiane of Eulenau', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS_13706/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Portrait of Christiane of Eulenau', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS_13706/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

Help us to improve the Cranach Digital Archive.

Please contact us, if you have noticed a mistake.