Cranach - The Crucifixion
The Crucifixion
Lucas Cranach the Younger
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
19.08.2018 - 13:50
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SKD_GG1942
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SKD_GG1942
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
The Crucifixion[CDA 2011]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Younger [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 344] [Woermann, Cat. Dresden 1887, 616][1] [Schäfer 1860, 906, 907][2] [1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 346, 349, Fn. 4] [2][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 346, 349, Fn. 3]
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Matthäi, Cat. Dresden 1835, Bd. 1, No. 161]bis 1887[1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 346, 349, Fn. 2]
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Dating:
1546[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStaatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
RepositoryStaatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
LocationDresden
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 120.5 x 72 cm [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 344]
Support:
Painting on Lime wood [Klein, Report 2013] [Schlegel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 344]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia in the centre (on Christ's cross): winged serpent with dropped wings and dated '1546'
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse of the panel: [Gal.-Nr.]; Sammlungsnachweis Pillnitz: 'Inv. 24'; [Sammlungsnachweis Dresden, repeated]; in blue chalk: '- 100' [Schlegel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 344]
Description:
The panel depicts the crucifixion. Christ and his wafting loincloth dominate the upper third of the painting. The crosses of both thieves project diagonally into the pictorial space. Beneath the cross the witnesses stand crowded together. In the bottom corner is a group gathered around the Virgin and St John, in the bottom right corner a group of ruffians fight over Christ¿s robe. Men on horseback make up the central figurative group and their lances and spears are outlined against the dramatic sky. [Görres, cda 2016]
Provenance:
- the panel was first recorded in the inventory from 1722-1728
[Inventar 1722-1728, A 1289][1]
[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 346, 349, Fn. 1]
Exhibitions:
Berlin 1937, No. 127
Dresden 1937, 17
Chemnitz 2005, No. 24
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005344-349No. 24
Cat. Dresden 1992161, 162
Rudloff-Hille 1953 B41
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1937No. 127
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 193717
Zimmermann E. H. 1924/1925274
Cat. Dresden 1887616
Schuchardt 1871148
Schäfer 1860906, 907
Waagen 185839
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 08.04.2013
  • Scientific analysis
  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • Support
  • Identification of wood species: lime wood
    • analysed by: Peter Klein
    • Date: 18.09.2012
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Lucas Cranach the Younger - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - The Crucifixion - Infrared Images
    • Underdrawing
    • Results

      Drawing material:

      Technique:
      - the underdrawing cannot be clearly distinguished from the painted version; minimal alterations are visible in the contours of the painted version, for example on the foot of the persecutor on the right and the position of the fingers of the horseman in red in the centre [1]
      - probably further underdrawing on the feet of the righthand figure on the cross?
      - Pentimento in the painted version: the piece of paper with a text at the right edge of the image behiind the knight on a white horse was originally slightly smaller
      [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 344]
      [Böhme, Schölzel, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 2012]
      • photographed by: Christoph Schölzel
      • photographed by: Alexandra Böhme
      • Date: 2005
      • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
      • Infrared reflectography
      • Framing
      • New frame: 18th century Dresden gallery frame, which has been reworked

        [Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 344]
      • Underdrawing
      • The underdrawing cannot be clearly distinguished from the painted version; minimal alterations are visible in the contours of the painted version, for example on the foot of the persecutor on the right and the position of the fingers of the horseman in red in the centre.
          • Date: 2003
          • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
          • Lucas Cranach the Younger - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - The Crucifixion - Reverse
          • Support
          • - 1.8 cm thick (thinned)
            - four vertically aligned planks
            - two knots in the right hand plank
            - marks from a block plane
            - rebate running around all four sides

            [Schlegel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 344]
              Condition Reports:
              • Date: 2005
              • Support: - two dovetail-shaped notches - joins reinforced with three bars (pine wood) - splits at the top edge reinforced with oak wood blocks - reddish glaze - marks from nails employed to fix the panel in a frame - the painted side is convexly warped (1cm) - splits - woodworm damage (open channels) Painted surface: - retouches particularly along the joins, in Christ's robe in the foreground, in the lance next to the thief on the left, in the fur collar of the man with the turban on the left, on the harness of the horse on the right and in the face of the woman behind the Virgin - overpaint in the dark clouds of the background - old glossy and slightly yellowed varnish [Schlegel, Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 344]
                History of Restoration:
                • Date: 2005
                • - in preparation for an exhibition (frame) see pdf
                  • Date: 1984
                  • [GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Meldung][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 344] see also pdf
                    • Date: 1980
                    • [GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Meldung][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 344] see also pdf
                      • Date: 1963
                      • [GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Restaurierungsprotokoll][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 344] see also pdf
                        • Date: 1886
                        • [Sächs. HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8, Bd. 5, Bl. 94, 97][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 344]
                          • Date: 1869
                          • [Sächs. HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8, Bd. 3, Bl. 178][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 344]