Cranach - David and Goliath (Elector Joachim II's exemplum panels)
David and Goliath (Elector Joachim II's exemplum panels)
Lucas Cranach the Elder (workshop)
Jagdschloss Grunewald (Grunewald hunting lodge)
22.11.2018 - 12:26
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SPSG_GKI1187
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SPSG_GKI1187
FR (1978) No.FR357G
Title:
David and Goliath (Elector Joachim II's exemplum panels)[CDA 2012]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder (workshop)[Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]
Lucas Cranach the Younger 'seems more like Lucas Cranach the Younger' [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 141, No. 357G]
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Dating:
about 1540 - 1545[Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]
after 1537[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 141, No. 357G]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStiftung Preussische Schlösser und Gärten Berlin-Brandenburg
RepositoryJagdschloss Grunewald (Grunewald hunting lodge)
LocationGrunewald
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 209.5 x 106.6 cm [Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]
Support:
Painting on Lime wood (Tilia sp.) [Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]
Signature / Date:
none
Description:
In the Old Testament the story of David is told (1. Samuel 17), a shepherd boy who vanquished Goliath, the most powerful Philistine commander, with just a catapult. In the foreground the painting depicts the moment in which David as an unarmed boy triumphs over the larger Goliath, who lies on the ground and is protected by his armor. David no longer fights with the catapult - it lies beside him -, but prepares to make the fatal blow with the sword. The Philistine army waits in the background under an unusually formed rocky outcrop, which is shaped like an arch. [vgl. Elke A. Werner, Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 202-203, No. III.22]
Provenance:
- since 1793 in the Berliner Schloss (Berlin Palace)
[Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 200-201, Nos. III.20-23]
- East-Berlin, Bode-Museum
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 141, No. 357G]
Exhibitions:
Berlin 2009/10, No. III.22
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Wohlberedt 2015194, 203
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009 A202-203No. III.22Fig. III.22
Most, Wolf et al. 200988-89, 93
Erichsen 1997
Michaelis 198925
Moos 1988
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979141No. 357G
Schade 1974439No. 324
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932288g
Friedländer 1906/190767-70
Rumpf 1794131
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
‘The four large exemplum panels, which belonged to Elector Joachim II depict stories from classical antiquity and the old testament, that were popular during the renaissance as exempla of virtue. They were distributed in books for the education of princes (>>Fürstenspiegel<<) as well as being used to decorate representative rooms in castles and town halls. Associated with the depiction of these narratives was the idea that the virtues and vices of illustrious figures could provide standards and role models for political action. The exempla of virtue could on the one hand have a moralizing-didactic character by illustrating correct behavior to the princes or councillors; they could also serve the legitimization of political power and interests by justifying the ruler’s virtuous behavior. The panels in Berlin illustrate the monarchical virtues of moderation, wisdom, justice and courage. […]
It may be assumed, that the complex content and composition of the four paintings were based on a design by the father. These were then executed rapidly – probably under the supervision of Lucas Cranach the Younger - by workshop members. This would explain slight inconsistencies in the proportions and other formal details. Friedländer, Rosenberg and Schade on the other hand suggest that the painting is an autographed work by the son.‘
[Elke A. Werner, Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 200-201, No. III.20-23]
‚This theme is surprisingly rare in paintings of the early modern period, and no other painting by Cranach illustrating this subject is known.’
[Elke A. Werner, Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 202-203, No. III.22]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.01.2010
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder (workshop) - Jagdschloss Grunewald (Grunewald hunting lodge) - David and Goliath (Elector Joachim II's exemplum panels) - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • - an underdrawing is not readily visible; possibly initially executed with fine chalk lines, followed by a fluid, black medium applied with a brush?

    Attribution:
    - Lucas Cranach the Younger?

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner