Cranach - Martin Luther
Martin Luther
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
25.02.2020 - 22:12
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_smbGG_617
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_smbGG_617
FR (1978) No.FR314-315F
Title:
Martin Luther[CDA 2010]
Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Cat. Berlin 1931, 611, No. 617]
Lucas Cranach the Elder From 1830 - 1860: Lucas Cranach the Elder [Waagen, Cat. Berlin 1830, 144, No. 63]
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Dating:
about 1540[Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStaatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
RepositoryStaatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
LocationBerlin
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 37.3 x 24 cm Dimensions including frame: 51.3 x 37.8 cm [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Support:
Painting on beech wood (Fagus sp.) [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010] [Klein, Report 1997]
Signature / Date:
None
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse of the panel: - top centre: label (Solly): D 6 N° 12/ Sies Boll [?]/ A I-I/ L - 9' - bottom left: label: 'Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz/ Gemäldegalerie Berlin/ Inv.Nr. 617/ Cranach d. Ä. L. Werkstatt/ Martin Luther' - centre right: remains of an old seal - beneath: label: 'Staatliche Museen Berlin - Gemäldegalerie/ Inventar-Nr. I. 687/ Katalog-Nr./ 617/ Cranach Werkstatt/ Luther' [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Description:
Almost life size half-portrait of Martin Luther (1483-1546). The sitter is depicted facing to the right and wears a black robe and a small black beret. The background is light blue. The reverse was painted black at a later date. [Gemäldegalerie Berlin, Unsinn 2010]
Provenance:
- 1821 acquired with the Solly Collection
[Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Exhibitions:
Berlin 1937, 36, Nr. 92
Montreal 1967
Osaka 1970
Berlin-Deutschlandhaus 1974-76
Berlin-Staatsbibliothek 1982
Berlin-Deutschlandhaus 1983
Berlin-MV 1983
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Cat. Berlin 199635Fig. 83
Klein 1994 A200Tab. 10
Harms 1983
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979132No. 314F
Exhib. Cat. Montreal 1967
Jahn 1955
Lilienfein 194259
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 193736No. 92
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932252
Cat. Berlin 1931611No. 617
Glaser 1923148ff.
Cat. Berlin 1830144No. 63
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 2010
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • Support
  • - beech wood
    - the panel consists of one plank
    - the rebate has been retained on all four sides

    According to the most recent examination by Dr. Peter Klein the wood comes from the same tree as that of the following paintings:

    Lucretia, Staatliche Museen Berlin, Gemäldegalerie, 1832, [DE_smbGG_1832_FR239]
    Philipp Melanchthon, Staatliche Museen Berlin, Gemäldegalerie, 619, [DE_smbGG_619_FR314-315F]
    Friedrich the Wise, New York 46.179.1
    An Ill-matched Pair, Staatliche Museen Berlin, Gemäldegalerie, 1606, [DE_smbGG_1606_FR-none]
    Portrait of a Man, KAC. 31.112, [US_NAMAKC_31-112_FR415]
    Christ as the Man of Sorrows, Bremen Roseliushaus, B56, [DE_KBSB_B56_FR381F]
    Christ Taking Leave of the Apostles, Stockholm Nationalmuseum, NM 254 (Planks II+III)
    Eve, Chicago, 1935.295
    Duke Johann Ernst von Sachsen, Staatliche Museen Berlin, Gemäldegalerie, II 55, [DE_smbGG_55-2_FR-none]
    The Electors of Saxony, Hamburger Kunsthalle (right and left wings), 606, [DE_HKH_HK-606a_FR338] and[DE_HKH_HK-606c_FR338]
    Martin Luther, DON, 727
  • Ground and Imprimatura
  • - a barbe along the edge of the painted surface has been retained on all four sides
  • Underdrawing
  • 'Underdrawing in red chalk, then black charcoal- a wash was applied in the areas of shadow'
    [Handwritten in the documentation file]
    • written by: Christine Unsinn
    • Date: 17.02.1997
    • Scientific analysis
    • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
    • Support
      • analysed by: Peter Klein
      • Date: 03.10.1989
      • Scientific analysis
      • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
      • Support
        • written by: Peter Klein