Cranach - Education of the Virgin Mary [the right wing of a Lady Altar]
Education of the Virgin Mary [the right wing of a Lady Altar]
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau
06.12.2021 - 13:23
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_AGGD_8
Persistent Linkhttps://lucascranach.org/DE_AGGD_8
FR (1978) No.FR035
Title:
Education of the Virgin Mary [the right wing of a Lady Altar][cda 2011]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, revised 2011]
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, no. 35]
[Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1937, no. 20]
[Hosäus 1883, 52, no. 1597]
[Parthey 1863, Bd. I, 129]
Lucas Cranach the Elder (and workshop)Questions authenticity
[Swarzenski 1907, 50]
Circle of Lucas Cranach the Elder[Schuchardt 1851 A, Bd. II, 105ff., No. 452]
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Dating:
1510 - 1515[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, Bd. 1, 25]
about 1509[Friedländer 1905, 9]
[Swarzenski 1907, 50]
about 1510-1512[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 36, no. 35] [Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1937, no. 20]
1512-1515[Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994, No. 149]
about 1516[Flechsig 1900 A, 93]
about 1512-1515[Sandner 1998 B, 89] [Heydenreich 2007 A, 394]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerAnhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau
RepositoryAnhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau
LocationDessau
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 78.2 x 30.5 x 0.8 cm
Dimensions including frame: 91.3 x 43.5 x 5.3 cm
[Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, revised 2011]
Support:
Painting on wood
[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, Bd. 1, 25]
Signature / Date:
None
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse of the panel:
- above the coat-of-arms:
in blue, there is a marking visible beneath the coating
[Großmann, unpublished examination report, 1999]

Reverse of the frame:
- top left:
paper label '11'
- beside this:
feather in brown ink '234' (crossed out)
- top right:
feather in brown ink 'Lucas Cranach'
- centre, right:
in greyish-blue pencil '42' (crossed out)
- bottom, centre:
brush in black '44' (crossed out)
- left of this:
damaged paper label "Deutsches Museum [...][printed] /Dessau, Anhaltische Gem[...] / degalerie / Erziehung der Jungfrau / [typed] / 1937 [handwritten in pencil]"

[Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, revised 2011]
Description:
Reverse:
- the coat-of-arms of the electors of Saxony is depicted on a black background (two crossed red swords on a black and white background); the coat of arms in its second form.

[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, Bd. 1, 25]
Provenance:
- old ducal Inv. No. 1597, Joachim-Ernst-Stiftung
[Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, revised 2011]

- since 1851 recorded in the Gotisches Haus in Wörlitz (library)
- 1998 transferred to the Anhaltischen Gemäldegalerie Dessau [1]
- intermittently on loan to the Gotisches Haus in Wörlitz
[1][Melzer 2005, 54]
[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, Bd. 1, 25]
Exhibitions:
Erfurt 1903, no. 181/2
Berlin 1937, no. 20
Weimar, Wittenberg 1953, 21, no. 5
Weimar 1972, 38, 169, no. 6, Fig.
Kronach 1994, 164, 327, 328, no. 149
Frankfurt, London 2007/2008, no. 25
Brüssel, Paris 2010/2011, no. 27
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Wörlitz 2015120-121
Melzer 2015 B153
Exhib. Cat. Paris 2011121, 158No. 27Figs. pp. 121, 158
Exhib. Cat. Brussels 201012127pp. 121, 158
Heydenreich 2007 A394Fig. 52
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007166-16725p. 167
Melzer 200554
Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 1998145No. 16.5Figs. 16.5a-b
Sandner 1998 B89
Cat. Dessau 199625-27No. 8Fig. 8
Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994327, 328, 371149
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197976No. 35Fig. 35
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 1972 B38, 169No. 6with Fig.
Exhib. Cat. Weimar, Wittenberg 195321No. 5
Photoverzeichnis Marburg 1937No. 77461
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 193718020Pl. 27
Friedländer, Rosenberg 193234
Cat. Dessau 192915No. 8
Cat. Dessau 192714No. 8
Hartmann 191390No. 1597
Swarzenski 190750
Friedländer 19059Fig. 8
Exhib. Cat. Erfurt 1903182
Flechsig 1900 A93
Hosäus 188352No. 1597
Parthey 1863-1864129 (Bd. 1)
Schuchardt 1851 C150-152452
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 27.11.2016
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • X-radiography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau - Education of the Virgin Mary [the right wing of a Lady Altar] - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau - Education of the Virgin Mary [the right wing of a Lady Altar] - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau - Education of the Virgin Mary [the right wing of a Lady Altar] - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau - Education of the Virgin Mary [the right wing of a Lady Altar] - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau - Education of the Virgin Mary [the right wing of a Lady Altar] - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau - Education of the Virgin Mary [the right wing of a Lady Altar] - X-Radiographs
  • 8.07
      • Date: 04. 2010
      • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
      • Infrared reflectography
      • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau - Education of the Virgin Mary [the right wing of a Lady Altar] - Infrared Images
      • 8.03 Underdrawing
      • DESCRIPTION

        Tools/Materials:
        - pointed brush, in details also with a quill (?); fluid black pigmented medium; the broader lines were drawn with a brush, the thinner lines with a small pointed brush or details with a quill (?)

        Type/Ductus:
        - detailed and freehand underdrawing
        - broad, sketchy lines are combined with some more delicate thinner lines

        Function:
        - only roughly binding for the final painted version; the broader lines delineate contours and indicate folds in the drapery; there is little representation of volume; the thinner lines are mainly visible in the face of the Virgin, the cherub on the edge of the well and the cherub in the sky

        Deviations:
        - there are numerous minor alterations in the painted version to clearly define form and some slightly more significant changes e.g.: the Virgin’s head, the position of the head of the cherub on the edge of the well and the loom

        INTERPRETATION

        Attribution:
        - Lucas Cranach the Elder

        [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
        • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
        • photographed by: Ingo Sandner