Education of the Virgin Mary [the right wing of a Lady Altar]

Education of the Virgin Mary [the right wing of a Lady Altar]

Title

Education of the Virgin Mary [the right wing of a Lady Altar]

[cda 2011]

Painting on wood

Medium

Painting on wood

[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, Bd. 1, 25]

Reverse:

  • the coat-of-arms of the electors of Saxony is depicted on a black background (two crossed red swords on a black and white background); the coat of arms in its second form.

[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, Bd. 1, 25]

Attributions
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Lucas Cranach the Elder (and workshop)

Attributions

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, revised 2011]
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, no. 35]
[Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1937, no. 20]
[Hosäus 1883, 52, no. 1597]
[Parthey 1863, Bd. I, 129]

Lucas Cranach the Elder (and workshop)

Questions authenticity
[Swarzenski 1907, 50]

Circle of Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Schuchardt 1851 A, Bd. II, 105ff., No. 452]

Production dates
1510 - 1515
about 1509

Production dates

1510 - 1515

[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, Bd. 1, 25]

about 1509

[Friedländer 1905, 9]
[Swarzenski 1907, 50]

about 1510-1512

[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 36, no. 35] [Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1937, no. 20]

about 1512-1515

[Sandner 1998 B, 89] [Heydenreich 2007 A, 394]

1512-1515

[Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994, No. 149]

about 1516

[Flechsig 1900 A, 93]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 78.2 x 30.5 x 0.8 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 78.2 x 30.5 x 0.8 cm

  • Dimensions including frame: 91.3 x 43.5 x 5.3 cm

  • [Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, revised 2011]

Signature / Dating
None
Inscriptions and Labels
Reverse of the panel: - above the coat-of-arms: in blue, there is a marking visible beneath the coating Reverse of the frame: - …

Inscriptions and Labels

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse of the panel: - above the coat-of-arms:
  • in blue, there is a marking visible beneath the coating
  • [Großmann, unpublished examination report, 1999]
  • Reverse of the frame:
  • - top left:
  • paper label '11'
  • - beside this:
  • feather in brown ink '234' (crossed out)
  • - top right:
  • feather in brown ink 'Lucas Cranach'
  • - centre, right:
  • in greyish-blue pencil '42' (crossed out)
  • - bottom, centre:
  • brush in black '44' (crossed out)
  • - left of this:
  • damaged paper label "Deutsches Museum [...][printed] /Dessau, Anhaltische Gem[...] / degalerie / Erziehung der Jungfrau / [typed] / 1937 [handwritten in pencil]"
  • [Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, revised 2011]
Owner
Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau
Repository
Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau
Location
Dessau
CDA ID
DE_AGGD_8
FR (1978) Nr.
FR035
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_AGGD_8/

Provenance

  • old ducal Inv. No. 1597, Joachim-Ernst-Stiftung
    [Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, revised 2011]

  • since 1851 recorded in the Gotisches Haus in Wörlitz (library)

  • 1998 transferred to the Anhaltischen Gemäldegalerie Dessau [1]

  • intermittently on loan to the Gotisches Haus in Wörlitz
    [1][Melzer 2005, 54]
    [Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, Bd. 1, 25]

Exhibitions

Erfurt 1903, no. 181/2
Berlin 1937, no. 20
Weimar, Wittenberg 1953, 21, no. 5
Weimar 1972, 38, 169, no. 6, Fig.
Kronach 1994, 164, 327, 328, no. 149
Frankfurt, London 2007/2008, no. 25
Brüssel, Paris 2010/2011, no. 27

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Wörlitz 2015 120-121
EditorKulturstiftung Dessau Wörlitz
EditingWolfgang Savelsberg
TitleCranach im Gotischen Haus in Wörlitz, [Wörlitz, Gotisches Haus, 15 May - 4 Oct. 2015]
SeriesKataloge und Schriften der Kulturstiftung Dessau Wörlitz
Volume35
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2015
Melzer 2015 B 153
AuthorReinhard Melzer
TitleDer Cranach-Bestand des Gotischen Hauses
Publicationin Kulturstiftung Dessau-Wörlitz, ed., Cranach im Gotischen Haus in Wörlitz, Exhib. Cat. Wörlitz
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2015
Pages149-162
Exhib. Cat. Paris 2011 121, 158 027 Figs. pp. 121, 158
EditorGuido Messling
TitleCranach et son temps [Paris, Musée du Luxembourg]
Place of PublicationParis
Year of Publication2011
Exhib. Cat. Brussels 2010 121 27 pp. 121, 158
EditorBozarbooks & Lannoo, Guido Messling
TitleDie Welt des Lucas Cranach. Ein Künstler im Zeitalter von Dürer, Tizian und Metsys [anlässlich der Ausstellung "Die Welt des Lucas Cranach", Palast der Schönen Künste, Brüssel, 20. Oktober 2010 - 23. Januar 2011]
Place of PublicationBrussels
Year of Publication2010
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007 166-167 25 p. 167
EditorBodo Brinkmann
TitleCranach der Ältere, [Frankfurt, Städel Museum, 23 Nov 2007 - 17 Feb 2008]
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Heydenreich 2007 A 394 Fig. 52
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleLucas Cranach the Elder
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
Year of Publication2007
Link https://lucascranach.org/application/files/6116/2097/3099/Heydenreich_2007_Lucas_Cranach_the_Elder.pdf
Melzer 2005 54
AuthorReinhard Melzer
TitleCranach in Wörlitz. Das Gotische Haus als frühe Sammlungsstätte altdeutscher Malerei
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, ed., Cranach. Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages44-58
Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 1998 145 No. 16.5 Figs. 16.5a-b
EditorWartburg-Stiftung, Eisenach, Fachhochschule , Ingo Sandner
TitleUnsichtbare Meisterzeichnungen auf dem Malgrund. Cranach und seine Zeitgenossen. Ausstellungskatalog und Tagungsband Katalogteil 1; 2: Werkstatt und Schüler Cranachs; 3: Süddeutsche Meister; 4: Albrecht Dürer und sein Kreis; 5: Rheinische Meister
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication1998
Pages229-240
Sandner 1998 B 89
AuthorIngo Sandner
TitleCranach als Zeichner auf dem Malgrund
Publicationin Ingo Sandner, Wartburg-Stiftung Eisenach and Fachhochschule Köln, eds., Unsichtbare Meisterzeichnungen auf dem Malgrund. Cranach und seine Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Eisenach
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication1998
Pages83-95
Cat. Dessau 1996 25-27 No. 8 Fig. 8
AuthorStephan Klingen
TitleDie deutschen Gemälde des 16. und 17. Jahrhunderts, Kritischer Bestandskatalog
Volume1
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1996
Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994 327, 328, 371 149
EditorClaus Grimm, Johannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhoff
TitleLucas Cranach. Ein Maler-Unternehmer aus Franken [Festung Rosenberg, Kronach 17.05 - 21.08.1994; Museum der Bildenden Künste, Leipzig 07.09 - 06.11.1994]
SeriesVeröffentlichungen zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur
Volume26
Place of PublicationAugsburg, Coburg
Year of Publication1994
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 76 No. 35 Fig. 35
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 1972 B 38, 169 No. 6 with Fig.
EditorSchlossmuseum Weimar
TitleLucas Cranach 1472-1553. Ein großer Maler in bewegter Zeit
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1972
Exhib. Cat. Weimar, Wittenberg 1953 21 No. 5
AuthorWalther Scheidig
EditorDeutsche Lucas Cranach Komitee
TitleLucas Cranach Ausstellung. Weimar und Wittenberg
Place of PublicationWeimar, Wittenberg
Year of Publication1953
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1937 18 020 Pl. 27
EditorStaatliche Museen, Berlin
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä. und Lucas Cranach d. J. Gemälde, Zeichnungen, Graphik
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1937
Photoverzeichnis Marburg 1937 No. 77461
Authorn. a.
TitlePhotoverzeichnis VII. Neuaufnahmen des Kunstgeschichtlichen Seminars in Marburg aus den Anhaltischen Sammlungen
JournalJahrbuch des Deutschen Vereins für Kunstwissenschaft
IssueBd. 4
Year of Publication1937
PagesI-VIII
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 34
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Cat. Dessau 1929 15 No. 8
AuthorLudwig Grote
TitleFührer durch die Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie
Place of PublicationDessau
Year of Publication1929
Cat. Dessau 1927 14 No. 8
AuthorLudwig Grote
TitleFührer durch die Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie
Place of PublicationDessau
Year of Publication1927
Hartmann 1913 90 No. 1597
AuthorAdolph Hartmann
TitleDer Wörlitzer Park und seine Kunstschätze
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1913
Swarzenski 1907 50
AuthorGeorg Swarzenski
TitleCranachs Altarbild von 1509 im Städelschen Kunstinstitut zu Frankfurt/M
JournalMünchner Jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst
Issue2
Year of Publication1907
Pages49-65
Friedländer 1905 9 Fig. 8
AuthorMax J. Friedländer
TitleDie Tafelmalerei des 15. und 16. Jahrhunderts
Publicationin Oscar Döring, Georg Voss, eds., Meisterwerke der Kunst aus Sachsen und Thüringen
Place of PublicationMagdeburg
Year of Publication1905
Pages3-18
Exhib. Cat. Erfurt 1903 182
EditorOskar Doering
TitleKatalog der kunstgeschichtlichen Ausstellung zu Erfurt, September 1903
Place of PublicationMagdeburg
Year of Publication1903
Link https://archive.org/details/katalogderkunstg00ange/page/n1/mode/2up
Flechsig 1900 A 93
AuthorEduard Flechsig
TitleCranachstudien
Volume1
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1900
Link page/n5/mode/2up
Hosäus 1883 52 No. 1597
AuthorWilhelm Hosäus
TitleWorlitz. Ein Handbuch für die Besucher des Wörlitzer Gartens und der Wörlitzer Kunstsammlungen
Place of PublicationDessau
Year of Publication1883
Parthey 1863-1864 129 (Bd. 1)
AuthorGustav Parthey
TitleDeutscher Bildersaal. Verzeichnis der in Deutschland vorhandenen Oelbilder verstorbener Maler aller Schulen
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1864
Schuchardt 1851 C 150-152 452
AuthorChristian Schuchardt
TitleLucas Cranach des Aeltern Leben und Werke. Zweiter Theil
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1851
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schuchardt1851bd2
  • Education of the Virgin Mary [the right wing of a Lady Altar], 1510 - 1515

Images

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Technical studies

27.11.2016Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • X-radiography
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04. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- pointed brush, in details also with a quill (?); fluid black pigmented medium; the broader lines were drawn with a brush, the thinner lines with a small pointed brush or details with a quill (?)

Type/Ductus:

- detailed and freehand underdrawing

- broad, sketchy lines are combined with some more delicate thinner lines

Function:

- only roughly binding for the final painted version; the broader lines delineate contours and indicate folds in the drapery; there is little representation of volume; the thinner lines are mainly visible in the face of the Virgin, the cherub on the edge of the well and the cherub in the sky

Deviations:

- there are numerous minor alterations in the painted version to clearly define form and some slightly more significant changes e.g.: the Virgin’s head, the position of the head of the cherub on the edge of the well and the loom

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Education of the Virgin Mary [the right wing of a Lady Altar]', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_AGGD_8/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Education of the Virgin Mary [the right wing of a Lady Altar]', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_AGGD_8/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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