An ill-matched pair

An ill-matched pair

Titles

An ill-matched pair

[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 140]

The Amorous Old Man

[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932, 72, No. 235]

Painting on limewood (Tilia sp.)

Medium

Painting on limewood (Tilia sp.)

[Klein, Report 2013]
[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 140]

The old man is a victim of the woman he has fallen in love with. She looks cunningly at the viewer and makes him her accomplice. Numerous versions of the theme of the 'Ill-matched Pair' have been depicted. The painting admonishes us to control our desires.

[Display labels, GNM 2010]

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 140]
[Sandner 1998 B, 124]

Production date
about 1530

Production date

about 1530

[Sandner 1998 B, 89][Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 140]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 86.7 x 58.5 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 86.7 x 58.5 cm

  • [Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 140]

Signature / Dating
None
Inscriptions and Labels
Reverse of the panel: in white paint 'G.218' On the cradle: paper label: Slg. König Ludwig I. von Bayern, 1828, Nr. 394; …

Inscriptions and Labels

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse of the panel: in white paint 'G.218'
  • On the cradle:
  • paper label: Slg. König Ludwig I. von Bayern, 1828, Nr. 394; WAF H.G. 174 (1936) Inv.S.No. 379
  • - below to the left:
  • Nr. 218
  • - right:
  • R 122
  • [Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 140]
Owner
Wittelsbacher Ausgleichsfond/Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen
Repository
Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
Location
Nuremberg
CDA ID
DE_BStGS-GNMN_Gm218
FR (1978) Nr.
FR285
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS-GNMN_Gm218/

Provenance

Loan from the Wittelsbacher Ausgleichsfonds
BStGS, Inv. No. WAF 174

  • in the collection of the Duke of Oettingen-Wallerstein, register of deeds 1817/18, §CCXXIX, originally from the collection of Count Rechberg
  • 1828 acquired for the collection of King Ludwig I. of Bavaria, I.W. 394
  • from 1829 displayed in Nuremberg, Moritz Chapel
  • 1882 GNM

[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 140]

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018 201 under no. 44
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Sandner, Heydenreich, Smith-Contini 2015 131, Fn. 22 Fig. 2a
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich, Ingo Sandner, Helen Smith-Contini
TitleVeränderungen beim Unterzeichnen in Cranachs Werkstatt und die Arbeitsweise von Sohn Lucas
Publicationin Elke A. Werner, Anne Eusterschulte, Gunnar Heydenreich, eds., Lucas Cranach der Jüngere und die Reformation der Bilder
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2015
Link https://lucascranach.org/application/files/5215/6337/7366/Heydenreich_Sandner_Smith-Contini_2015_-_Unterzeichnung.pdf
Pages128-141
Cat.Hess, Hirschfelder, Bär 2010 95-96, 413 Fig. 62
AuthorFrank Bär
EditorDaniel Hess, Dagmar Hirschfelder, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
TitleRenaissance. Barock. Aufklärung. Kunst und Kultur vom 16. bis zum 18. Jahrhundert
SeriesDie Schausammlungen des Germanischen Nationalmuseums
Volume3
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication2010
Heydenreich 2007 A 289 Fig. 221
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleLucas Cranach the Elder
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
Year of Publication2007
Link https://lucascranach.org/application/files/6116/2097/3099/Heydenreich_2007_Lucas_Cranach_the_Elder.pdf
Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005 84 (English version 35) under no. 15
EditorObrazárna Pražského hradu, Kaliopi Chamonikola
TitlePod znamením okrídleného hada. Lucas Cranach a ceské zeme. Under the winged Serpent. Lucas Cranach and the Czech Land
Place of PublicationPrague
Year of Publication2005
Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 1998 124-125 No. 14.5 Figs. 14.5a-b
EditorWartburg-Stiftung, Eisenach, Fachhochschule , Ingo Sandner
TitleUnsichtbare Meisterzeichnungen auf dem Malgrund. Cranach und seine Zeitgenossen. Ausstellungskatalog und Tagungsband Katalogteil 1; 2: Werkstatt und Schüler Cranachs; 3: Süddeutsche Meister; 4: Albrecht Dürer und sein Kreis; 5: Rheinische Meister
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication1998
Pages229-240
Sandner 1998 B 89
AuthorIngo Sandner
TitleCranach als Zeichner auf dem Malgrund
Publicationin Ingo Sandner, Wartburg-Stiftung Eisenach and Fachhochschule Köln, eds., Unsichtbare Meisterzeichnungen auf dem Malgrund. Cranach und seine Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Eisenach
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication1998
Pages83-95
Cat. Nuremberg 1997 140-142
AuthorKurt Löcher
TitleDie Gemälde des 16. Jahrhunderts. Germanisches Nationalmuseum Nürnberg
Place of PublicationOstfildern-Ruit
Year of Publication1997
Klein 1994 A 195 Tab. 1
AuthorPeter Klein
TitleLucas Cranach und seine Werkstatt. Holzarten und dendrochronologische Analyse
Publicationin Claus Grimm, Johannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhoff, eds.,Lucas Cranach. Ein Maler-Unternehmer aus Franken, Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994
SeriesVeröffentlichungen zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur
Volume26
Place of PublicationAugsburg, Coburg
Year of Publication1994
Pages194-200
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 126 No. 285 Fig. 285
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Vienna 1972 under No. 14
AuthorKarl Schütz
EditorKunsthistorisches Museum, Wien
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere und seine Werkstatt. Jubiläumsausstellung museumseigener Werke 1472-1972
Place of PublicationVienna
Year of Publication1972
Cat. Nuremberg 1936/1937 No. 218 Fig. 370
AuthorEberhard Lutze, Eberhard Wiegand
TitleKataloge des Germanischen Nationalmuseums zu Nürnberg. Die Gemälde des 13.-16. Jahrhunderts
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1937
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 72 235
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Glaser 1923 234
AuthorCurt Glaser
TitleLukas Cranach
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1923
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/glaser1923
Schuchardt 1871 175-176
AuthorChristian Schuchardt
TitleLucas Cranach des Aeltern Leben und Werke. Dritter Theil
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1871
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schuchardt1871bd3
Parthey 1863-1864 691(Bd. 1) No. 218
AuthorGustav Parthey
TitleDeutscher Bildersaal. Verzeichnis der in Deutschland vorhandenen Oelbilder verstorbener Maler aller Schulen
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1864
Lotz 1863 338 No. 117
AuthorWilhelm Lotz
TitleKunst-Topographie Deutschlands. Ein Haus- und Reise-Handbuch für Künstler, Gelehrte und Freunde unserer alten Kunst
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationKassel
Year of Publication1863
Heller 1854 87
AuthorJoseph Heller
TitleLucas Cranach's Leben und Werke
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication1854
Link http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015062799757
Schuchardt 1851 C 104 377
AuthorChristian Schuchardt
TitleLucas Cranach des Aeltern Leben und Werke. Zweiter Theil
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1851
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schuchardt1851bd2
Cat. Nuremberg 1828-1846 No. 117
Authorn. a.
TitleDer Königliche Bildersaal aus der Alt- Ober- und Niederdeutschen Schule in der Moritzkapelle zu Nürnberg 1829-1846
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication1846
Waagen 1843 194 No. 117
AuthorGustav Friedrich Waagen
TitleKunstwerke und Künstler im Erzgebirge und in Franken
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1843
Schorn 1829 419
AuthorLudwig Schorn
TitleDer königliche Bildersaal in der St. Moritzkapelle zu Nürnberg
JournalKunstblatt
IssueJg. 10
Year of Publication1829
Pages321-324, 401-404, 407-408, 417-4
Cat. Coll. Oettingen-Wallerstein 1826 No. 266
Authorn. a.
TitleCatalogue de la Galerie de Wallerstein
Place of PublicationWallerstein
Year of Publication1826
Cat. Coll. Oettingen-Wallerstein 1819 135 No. 14
Authorn. a.
TitleVerzeichniß der altdeutschen Gemaelde der Fürstlich Oettingen Wallersteinischen Bilder Gallerie in Wallerstein
Place of PublicationHarburg
Year of Publication1819

Research History / Discussion

Copies of this composition: PRIVATE_NONE-P564 and PRIVATE_NONE-P565

[cda 2022]

  • An ill-matched pair, about 1530

Images

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Technical studies

08.04.2013Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology

Support

Identification of wood species: limewood (Tilia sp.)

  • analysed by Peter Klein

09. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- fluid black pigmented medium, brush

Type/Ductus:

- freehand underdrawing

- combination of long broad strokes and thin lines; varying in tone and width

Function:

- rough indication for the final painted version; lines delineate contours, indicate folds in the drapery and define details and facial features; no representation of volume

Deviations:

- numerous minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define forms

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Ingo Sandner
  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich

1997Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Stereomicroscopy
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail

Support

- limewood (Tilia sp.)

- 5 boards, widths from the left: top: 12.0, 14.5, 10.5, 9.4, 11.8 cm, bottom: 14.7, 12.3, 11.8, 9.0, 10.7 cm

- the panel was reduced to a thickness of 0.5 cm

- the knots were left in the wood

- the painted side of the panel was covered with tow, applied beneath the ground. There is a canvas appplication over a knot beneath the woman's left arm

- the dimensions are more or less original

Ground and Imprimatura

- the panel was framed and then the ground was applied and it was painted

Underdrawing

- executed with a brush

- fluid drawing of the man's facial features

- deviations from the painted version: a moustache covers the man's mouth, the woman's face is thinner, the left shoulder of the dress is higher

Paint Layers and Gilding

- the flesh paint is applied in thin layers, wet-in-wet

- single hairs have been painted with a feather

- the gold threads in the garment and bonnet are painted

[Bartl, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 140]

1995Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • X-radiography
  • x_radiograph

Condition Reports

Date1997

Support

  • the panel has been reduced to a thickness of 0.5 cm

  • there is a small amount of old wood worm damage

  • the joins are partially loose, the middle and left joins were reglued when the cradle was attached to the reverse of the panel

  • splits

  • the dimensions are essentially original, the right edge has been trimmed slightly with a plane

Reverse:

  • smoothed before the cradle was attached

  • a short split at the top pf the panel was reinforced with wooden blocks

  • a transparent brown coating was applied

Painted surface:

  • the layers containing large quantities of lead white have become transparent so that the underdrawing is visible

  • there is extensive craquelée in the areas where there is an application of tow beneath the ground

  • there is paint loss along the joins, the splits and where there are knots

  • there is extensive abrasion in the woman's dress, particularly in the lower half of the painting. In some areas it goes as far as the ground. It has been retouched

  • drying cracks in the back of the dress. There is overpaint below the waist and the shadow was reconstructed

  • there are numerous small retouches, particularly in the old man's hair, his overcoat and the balls of his thumbs

  • patchy remains of an old varnish

[Bartl, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 140]

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'An ill-matched pair', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS-GNMN_Gm218/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'An ill-matched pair', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS-GNMN_Gm218/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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