The Holy Trinity

The Holy Trinity

Title

The Holy Trinity

[CDA 2010]

Painting on limewood

Medium

Painting on limewood

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 84]
[Klein report 03.03.2016]

In the centre of the landscape there is a castle complex on a hill and to the left a town with a church.

[Maedebach, Exhib. Cat. Coburg 1972, No. 2]

Attributions
Lucas Cranach the Elder and workshop
Hans Holbein the Elder

Attributions

Lucas Cranach the Elder and workshop

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 84]

Hans Holbein the Elder

[Exhib. Cat. Bremen 2009, 31]
[Cat. Coburg 1876, Cap. XXII, No. 1]

Production date
about 1516 - 1518

Production date

about 1516 - 1518

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 84]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 40.3 x 27 x 0.6 cm (original panel)/2.3 cm (including cradle)

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 40.3 x 27 x 0.6 cm (original panel)/2.3 cm (including cradle)

  • [Cat. Coburg 2018, 84]

Signature / Dating
none
Inscriptions and Labels
none Reverse: - adhesive label: Gr. Kat. 'Nr. 1 Unbekannter Meister' - handwritten inventory number KVC

Inscriptions and Labels

Inscriptions, Badges:

  • none

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse: - adhesive label: Gr. Kat. 'Nr. 1 Unbekannter Meister'
  • - handwritten inventory number KVC
  • [Cat. Coburg 2018, 84]
Owner
Veste Coburg Kunstsammlungen
Repository
Veste Coburg Kunstsammlungen
Location
Coburg
CDA ID
DE_KSVC_M158
FR (1978) Nr.
FR098D
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSVC_M158/

Provenance

  • Gotha, Art Cabinet (Kunstkammer) Friedenstein castle, picture gallery
  • 1845 first documented in the Veste Coburg
  • 1856 Ducal Art and Antiquities Collection, Veste Coburg (Herzogliche Kunst- und Altertümersammlung der Veste Coburg (HKA))
  • 1919 Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg (KVC)
  • 1921 displayed in the living quarters of the Ducal Palace (Fürstenbau)
    [Cat. Coburg 2018, 84]

Exhibitions

Coburg 1972, no. 2
Bremen 2009, no. 32, 31-32

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018 84-87 14 Pl. p. 85, Fig. 1
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Weschenfelder 2018 A 14, 18, 20
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg.
Publicationin Klaus Weschenfelder, ed., Cranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Pages7-23
Exhib. Cat. Bremen 2009 31-32 with Fig.
EditorRainer Stamm
TitleLucas Cranach der Schnellste
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication2009
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005 376 under No. 28 Fig. 172
EditorHarald Marx, Karin Kolb, Ingrid Mössinger
TitleCranach Anlässlich der Ausstellung Cranach vom 13. November 2005 bis 12. März 2006 in den Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz. Eine Ausstellung in Kooperation mit der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister der Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Erichsen 1994 A 161, 163 Fig. A108e
AuthorJohannes Erichsen
TitleAltäre Lucas Cranachs und seiner Werkstatt vor der Reformation
Publicationin Claus Grimm, Johannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhof, eds., Lucas Cranach. Ein Maler-Unternehmen aus Franken, Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994
SeriesVeröffentlichungen zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur
Volume26/94
Place of PublicationAugsburg, Regensburg
Year of Publication1994
Pages150-165
Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994 163 A108e
EditorClaus Grimm, Johannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhoff
TitleLucas Cranach. Ein Maler-Unternehmer aus Franken [Festung Rosenberg, Kronach 17.05 - 21.08.1994; Museum der Bildenden Künste, Leipzig 07.09 - 06.11.1994]
SeriesVeröffentlichungen zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur
Volume26
Place of PublicationAugsburg, Coburg
Year of Publication1994
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 90 No. 98D
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Coburg 1972 No. 2
EditorHeino Maedebach
TitleGraphik aus dem Kupferstichkabinett der Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg. Beiheft: Lucas Cranach d. Ae. und seine Werkstatt: Gemälde
Place of PublicationCoburg
Year of Publication1972
Cat. Coburg 1876 Cap. XXII No. 1
EditorLWL-Museum für Kunst und Kultur, Münster
TitleGroßen Katalog
Place of PublicationCoburg
Year of Publication1876
  • The Holy Trinity, about 1516 - 1518

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • irr

Technical studies

2018Technical Examination

Support

- limewood

- the original panel is chamfered on all four sides. The camfer is up to 0.1 cm in width and stained a mid-brown, the rest of the panel was sanded down to reveal the bare wood.

- two vertically aligned boards with butt joints: board I: 12.5 cm; board II: 14.5 cm

Ground and Imprimatura

- chalk ground

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 84]

03.03.2016Scientific analysis

  • Dendrochronology / identification of wood species

Support

Identification of wood species: limewood (Tilia sp.)

[Klein report, 03.03.2016]

  • analysed by Peter Klein

09. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- fluid black medium, quill

Type/ductus:

- freehand underdrawing

- thin lines; occasionally double searching lines

Function:

- relatively binding for the final painted version; the lines are used define form and delineate contours; no representation of volume

Deviations:

- minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define forms

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- Lucas Cranach the Elder? or workshop

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

Condition Reports

Date2018

Support:

  • on the reverse sanded down at the centre

  • there is a pine wood cradle attached to the reverse

Paint layers:

  • various large retouches in the background, small network of cracks

Varnish:

  • the painting has a glossy resin varnish, which was probably applied repeatedly with a brush. The strong fluorescence of this layer restricts the identification of retouches under UV light to a few relatively new ones.

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 84]

Conservation History

Date1850

  • conservation treatment by Heinrich Krüppel

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'The Holy Trinity', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSVC_M158/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'The Holy Trinity', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSVC_M158/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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