St Jerome

St Jerome

Title

St Jerome

[CDA 2010]

Painting on wood, transferred to a new wooden support

Medium

Painting on wood, transferred to a new wooden support

[Weschenfelder, Exhib. Cat. Coburg 2003, 72]

In a wooded mountain landscape the saint kneels before a crucifix, which is mounted on a tree stump. He has put the cardinal's attributes, a red cloak and hat to one side so that he can beat his breast with a stone. The lion nuzzles up to him trustingly.

Attributions
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Lucas Cranach the Elder (and Workshop)

Attributions

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 64] [Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, revised 2010]

Lucas Cranach the Elder (and Workshop)

[Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 280, No. 173]

Production date
about 1515 - 1518

Production date

about 1515 - 1518

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 64] [Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, revised 2010]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 37 x 27.2 x 0.2 cm (thinned original panel)/1.3 cm (including the attached blockboard)

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 37 x 27.2 x 0.2 cm (thinned original panel)/1.3 cm (including the attached blockboard)

  • [Cat. Coburg 2018, 64]

Signature / Dating
none
Inscriptions and Labels
none Reverse: - label: 'Sammlung Georg Schäfer Schweinfurt Nr. 53472168'

Inscriptions and Labels

Inscriptions, Badges:

  • none

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse: - label: 'Sammlung Georg Schäfer Schweinfurt Nr. 53472168'
  • [Cat. Coburg 2018, 64]
Owner
Oberfrankenstiftung
Repository
Veste Coburg Kunstsammlungen
Location
Coburg
CDA ID
DE_KSVC_M415
FR (1978) Nr.
FR-none
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSVC_M415/

Provenance

  • 1928 Galerie St. Lucas (Fred Mont), Vienna
  • 1929 expertise Max J. Friedländer
  • 1936 Collection D. A. E. Bye, Philadelphia, USA [Source: Courtauld Institute, Witt Library, London]
  • 1936 expertise Max J. Friedländer, Berlin
  • 1954 expertise Ernst Buchner, Munich and Max J. Friedländer, Amsterdam
  • 1954 Heinrich Neufang and Martin Schoenemann
  • 1958 Julius Böhler, Munich
  • 1964 Collection Georg Schäfer, Schweinfurt (Inv. no. 4721) aquired by Scheidwimmer, Munich
  • 2003 Oberfrankenstiftung, Bayreuth
  • since 2003 on permanent loan to the Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
    [Cat. Coburg 2018, 64]

Exhibitions

Coburg 2003
Düsseldorf 2017, no. 173

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018 64-66 9 Pl. p. 65, Fig. 1
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Weschenfelder 2018 A 14
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg.
Publicationin Klaus Weschenfelder, ed., Cranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Pages7-23
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017 280-281 No. 173
EditorGunnar Heydenreich, Daniel Görres, Beat Wismer
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere. Meister - Marke - Moderne. [anlässlich der Ausstellung "Cranach. Meister - Marke - Moderne", Stiftung Museum Kunstpalast, Düsseldorf, 08. April 2017 - 30. Juli 2017]
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2017
Heydenreich 2017 A 77
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleCranach? Fragen der Zuschreibung im Lichte kunsttechnologischer Untersuchungen
Publicationin Gunnar Heydenreich, Daniel Görres, Beat Wismer, eds., Lucas Cranach der Ältere. Meister - Marke - Moderne. [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017]
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2017
Link https://lucascranach.org/application/files/7316/7870/1704/Heydenreich_2017_Cranach_Fragen_der_Zuschreibung.pdf
Pages72-81
Wadum 2015 197
AuthorJorgen Wadum
TitleCranach, His Sons, and Their Workshop. the Never-ending Problem of Hands (Part I)
Publicationin Elke A. Werner, Anne Eusterschulte, Gunnar Heydenreich, eds., Lucas Cranach der Jüngere und die Reformation der Bilder
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2015
Pages191-199
Cat. Coburg 2003 70
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
EditorLWL-Museum für Kunst und Kultur, Münster, KulturStiftung der Länder
TitleAltdeutsche Bilder der Sammlung Georg Schäfer. Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
SeriesPatrimonia
Volume256
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication2003
Exhib. Cat. Schweinfurt 1985 No. 9 Plate p. 70
AuthorIsolde Lübbeke, Bruno Bushart
TitleAltdeutsche Bilder der Sammlung Georg Schäfer Schweinfurt
Place of PublicationSchweinfurt
Year of Publication1985

Research History / Discussion

There is another version in a Swiss private collection

[Heydenreich, CDA 2011]

'The popularity of the composition is proved by numerous versions of the same size, which differ only slightly, two of these owned by the Bayerischen Staatsgemäldesammlungen (WAF 187 and 189) demonstrate the manner in which the Cranach workshop reproduced a successful pictorial type on demand.'

[Weschenfelder, Exhib. Cat. Coburg 2003, 70]

  • St Jerome, about 1515 - 1518

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • overall
  • overall
  • irr

Technical studies

2018Technical Examination

Support

- two vertically aligned and butt-joined planks. Plank I: 20.7 cm; plank II: 6.5 cm

- according to Heinrich Neufang (see conservation report) the panel had not been cropped

Ground and Imprimatura

- chalk ground

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 64]

2017Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Material:

- fluid, black medium, brush; possibly executed in two stages

Type/Ductus:

- relatively freehand underdrawing; the carefully executed outlines suggest that they were probably transferred from a pre-existing design

- thin to somewhat broader lines

- occasional hatching-strokes in the body

Function:

- relatively binding for the painted version, lines define the main contours and describe essential details and facial features; occasional use of hatching-strokes to define volume

Deviations:

- minor corrections were made to forms during the painting process; small changes (e. g. the position of the lion’s eyes and his mouth; the hat and the robe

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- workshop of Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2018]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

Condition Reports

Date2018

Support:

  • the reverse is attached to a blockboard

Varnish:

  • relatively, matt varnish, slightly discoloured, drying cracks

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 64]

Conservation History

Date1954

  • transferred to a blockboard

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 64]

  • conservation treatment by Heinrich Neufang

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'St Jerome', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSVC_M415/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'St Jerome', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSVC_M415/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

Help us to improve the Cranach Digital Archive.

Please contact us, if you have noticed a mistake.