Allegory of Law and Grace

Allegory of Law and Grace

Title

Allegory of Law and Grace

[CDA 2011]

Painting on beech wood

Medium

Painting on beech wood

[Klein, Report 1994]
[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52]

This panel illustrates Martin Luther's doctrine of justification. A tree divides the image down the centre into two sections: sin on the left and grace on the right. The left side shows Adam and Eve with the serpent and the tree of knowledge; Adam being driven into Hell by Death

This panel illustrates Martin Luther's doctrine of justification. A tree divides the image down the centre into two sections: sin on the left and grace on the right. The left side shows Adam and Eve with the serpent and the tree of knowledge; Adam being driven into Hell by Death and the Devil; Moses holding the tablets with the ten commandments, and accompanied by three men; and finally above the judge of the world with angels. The right side shows John the Baptist with Adam; Christ defeating Death and the Devil; the brazen serpent; the expectant Virgin; and the feet of Christ ascending into heaven. Beneath the image passages from the Bible illustrating Luther's doctrine of justification are quoted - in particular from the Letter to the Romans.

Attributions
Lucas Cranach the Elder and workshop
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attributions

Lucas Cranach the Elder and workshop

[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52]

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Exhib. Cat. Weimar 2015, 48]

Production date
about 1535 - 1540

Production date

about 1535 - 1540

[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52] [Exhib. Cat. Weimar 2015, 48]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 54 x 102 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 54 x 102 cm

  • [Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52]

Signature / Dating
None
Inscriptions and Labels
printed on paper and attached to the panel Seal

Inscriptions and Labels

Inscriptions, Badges:

  • printed on paper and attached to the panel

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Seal
  • [Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52]
Owner
Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums
Repository
Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums
Location
Weimar
CDA ID
DE_KSW_G12a
FR (1978) Nr.
FR221A
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSW_G12a/

Provenance

  • 1827 auctioned from the collection of H. W. Campe, a salesman from Leipzig
  • 1871 recorded in the Wartburg
  • transferred to the museum before 1884

[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52]

Exhibitions

Weimar, Wittenberg 1953, No. 36
Weimar 1972, 42, Fig. p. 76
Basel, No. 354
Berlin 1983, No. E 52.3, Fig. 359
Nürnberg 1983, under No. 474 and No. 538
Hamburg: Luther und die Folgen für die Kunst.
München 1983, under Nos.. 84 to 89

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Exhib. Cat. Gotha, Kassel 2015 170 under No. 42
EditorJulia Carrasco, Justus Lange, Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha, Benjamin D. Spira, Timo Trümper
TitleBild und Botschaft. Cranach im Dienst von Hof und Reformation, [Gotha, Herzogliches Museum; Kassel, Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Schloss Wilhelmshöhe]
Place of PublicationHeidelberg
Year of Publication2015
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 2015 46-49, 51, 53 23 Fig. 23, Fig. p. 46, 47 (detail)
EditorWolfgang Holler, Karin Kolb
TitleCranach in Weimar, [Weimar, Schiller-Museum, 3 April - 14 June 2015]
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication2015
Heydenreich 2007 B 35
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
Title"... dass Du mit wunderbarer Schnelligkeit malest". Virtuosität und Effizienz in der künstlerischen Praxis Lucas Cranachs d. Ä.
Publicationin Bodo Brinkmann, ed., Cranach der Ältere, Exhib. Cat. FrankfurtA
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Pages29-47
Schade, Schuttwolf 1994 21
AuthorWerner Schade, Allmuth Schuttwolf
TitleMalerei und Plastik
Publicationin Allmuth Schuttwolf, ed., Gotteswort und Menschenbild. Werke von Cranach und seinen Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Gotha
Place of PublicationGotha
Year of Publication1994
Pages15-94
Cat. Weimar 1992 52-54 No. 16
AuthorHelga Hoffmann
EditorKunstsammlungen zu Weimar
TitleKunstsammlungen zu Weimar. Die deutschen Gemälde des XVI. Jahrhunderts
Place of PublicationFulda
Year of Publication1992
Ohly 1985 Fn. 52, 94-99
AuthorFriedrich Ohly
TitleGesetz und Evangelium: zur Typologie bei Luther und Lucas Cranach: zum Blutstrahl der Gnade in der Kunst
Place of PublicationMünster
Year of Publication1985
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1983 No. E52.3 Fig. 359
EditorAltes Museum, Berlin
TitleKunst der Reformationzeit
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1983
Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 1983 A under Nos. 84-89
EditorWerner Hofmann
TitleLuther und die Folgen für die Kunst, [Hamburg, Kunsthalle. 1983-1984]
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1983
Exhib. Cat. Nuremberg 1983 under Nos. 474, 538
EditorGerhard Bott
TitleMartin Luther und die Reformation in Deutschland. Ausstellung zum 500. Geburtstag Martin Luthers
Place of PublicationFrankfurt a. M.
Year of Publication1983
Andersson 1981 43ff., particularly 51 Fig. 11
AuthorChristiane D. Anderson
TitleReligiöse Bilder Cranachs im Dienste der Reformation
Publicationin L.W. Spitz, ed., Humanismus und Reformation als kulturelle Kräfte in der Deutschen Geschichte
Place of PublicationBerlin, New York
Year of Publication1981
Pages43-76
Wirth 1981 9-23
AuthorJean Wirth
TitleLe dogme en image: Luther et l'iconographie
Volume52
JournalRevue de l'art
Year of Publication1981
Pages9-23
Christensen 1979 128ff. Fig. 4, p. 114
AuthorCarl C. Christensen
TitleArt and the reformation in Germany
Place of PublicationDetroit
Year of Publication1979
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 114 No. 221A
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 509-510 354
AuthorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 1972 B 42 Fig. p. 76
EditorSchlossmuseum Weimar
TitleLucas Cranach 1472-1553. Ein großer Maler in bewegter Zeit
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1972
Hintzenstern 1972 88f. Figs. p. 91, p. 27ff.
AuthorHerbert von Hintzenstern
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä. Altarbilder aus der Reformationszeit
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1972
Thulin 1955 126ff. Fig. 170, p. 136
AuthorOskar Thulin
TitleCranach-Altäre der Reformation
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1955
Exhib. Cat. Weimar, Wittenberg 1953 No. 36
AuthorWalther Scheidig
EditorDeutsche Lucas Cranach Komitee
TitleLucas Cranach Ausstellung. Weimar und Wittenberg
Place of PublicationWeimar, Wittenberg
Year of Publication1953
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 183a
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Glaser 1923 230
AuthorCurt Glaser
TitleLukas Cranach
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1923
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/glaser1923
Cat. Weimar 1913 No. 149
EditorWillibald Hermens
TitleKatalog des Groszherzoglichen Museums zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1913
Cat. Weimar 1910 No. 143
Authorn. a.
TitleKatalog des Groszherzoglichen Museums zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
IssueSixth edition
Year of Publication1910
Cat. Weimar 1894 31 No. 7
Authorn. a.
TitleKatalog des Groszherzoglichen Museums zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1894
Lehfeldt 1894 408
AuthorPaul Lehfeldt
TitleBau- und Kunst-Denkmäler Thüringens
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationJena
Year of Publication1894
Cat. Weimar 1884 26 No. 12
Authorn. a.
TitleKatalog des Groszherzoglichen Museums zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1884
Schuchardt 1871 199-201 87
AuthorChristian Schuchardt
TitleLucas Cranach des Aeltern Leben und Werke. Dritter Theil
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1871
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schuchardt1871bd3
Heller 1844 78
AuthorJoseph Heller
TitleDas Leben und die Werke Lucas Cranach's
Place of PublicationBamberg
Year of Publication1844
  • Allegory of Law and Grace, about 1535 - 1540

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Technical studies

06.10.2014Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • X-radiography
  • x_radiograph

Equipment: ERESCO 42 MF 4 from the company GE.

Scanner: CRxFlex.

Parameters: 60 KV, 6mA, 20 seconds

distance from object:: 3m

[HfBK Dresden, Prof. I. Mohrmann, K. Risse, 06.10.2014]

  • created by HfBK Dresden
  • created by I. Mohrmann
  • created by K. Risse

04. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- fluid dark grey medium, brush

Type/Ductus:

- freehand underdrawing, more binding for the central composition

- thin lines

Function:

- binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential features within forms; no representation of volume

Deviations:

- minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

30.09.1994Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology

Support

The most recent annual ring 1533, earliest date of production 1535

  • analysed by Peter Klein

1988Technical Examination

Support

- three horizontal planks

- there is a rebate running around all four sides of the reverse of the panel, c. 10 mm wide, 8 mm deep

Underdrawing

- the underdrawing is visible; some Pentimenti (the leaves on the tree, some of the angels wings)

Paint Layers and Gilding

- the edge of the painted surface has been retained on all four sides

[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52]

1974Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • X-radiography
  • x_radiograph
  • x_radiograph
  • x_radiograph
  • x_radiograph

Condition Reports

Date1988

  • the painted surface is in good condition

  • on the left: old, broad scratch

  • on the left and top, right retouches

  • underdrawing visble

[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52]

Conservation History

Date1961 - 1962

  • among other measures: new varnish

[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52]

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Allegory of Law and Grace', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSW_G12a/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Allegory of Law and Grace', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSW_G12a/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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