Emperor Heinrich II/ Verso: John the Baptist

Emperor Heinrich II/ Verso: John the Baptist

Titles

Emperor Heinrich II/ Verso: John the Baptist

[CDA 2011]

Kaiser Heinrich II

[Woermann, Cat. Dresden 1896, 632][1]
[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 396, 400, Fn. 9]

Ein Kaiser

[Woermann, Cat. Dresden 1887, 615][1]
[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz, 396, 400, Fn. 8]

Carl der Große, auf der Rückseite Johannes der Täufer

[Hübner , Cat. Dresden 1862, Nr. 1797][1]
[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 396, 400, Fn. 7]

Painting on limewood

Medium

Painting on limewood

[Schlegel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 394]

A full-length portrait of Heinrich II, emperor and saint (973-1024), shown facing right with a crown and sceptre.

[cda 2015]

Attributions
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Hans Kemmer (in Cranach the Elder's workshop)

Attributions

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

['Werkstatt Lucas Cranach d. Ä. (Hans Kemmer)', Heydenreich 2021 B, 67] ['Werkstatt Lucas Cranach d. Ä. (Hans Kemmer)', Exhib. Cat. Lübeck 2021, no. 19]
[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 394]

Hans Kemmer (in Cranach the Elder's workshop)

['Werkstatt Lucas Cranach d. Ä. (Hans Kemmer)', Heydenreich 2021 B, 67]

Follower of Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Woermann, Cat. Dresden 1896, 632][1]
[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 396, 400, Fn. 9]

'in the style of Lucas Cranach the Elder'
[Woermann, Cat. Dresden 1887, 615][1]
[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz, 396, 400, Fn. 8]

Unknown

[Hübner , Cat. Dresden 1862, Nr. 1797][1]
[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 396, 400, Fn. 7]

Production date
about 1515

Production date

about 1515

[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 394]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 60 x 32 x 0.8 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 60 x 32 x 0.8 cm

  • [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 394]

Signature / Dating
None
Inscriptions and Labels
Reverse of the panel: ; ; in yellow paint (abbreviated): 'ora pro nobis' Reverse of the frame: Sammlungsnachweis Pillnitz: 'Inv. 35.', ; in …

Inscriptions and Labels

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse of the panel: [Gal.-Nr.]; [Sammlungsnachweis, repeated]; in yellow paint (abbreviated): 'ora pro nobis'
  • Reverse of the frame:
  • Sammlungsnachweis Pillnitz: 'Inv. 35.', [Sammlungsnachweis Dresden]; in black paint on a gold coloured metal plate: 'Nachfolger Lucas Cranach d. ä 1472-1553'; in white chalk: '809 (?)'; in black paint on another gold coloured metal plate: 'Kaiser Heinrich II.'; in white chalk: '50'
  • [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 394]
Owner
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Repository
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Location
Dresden
CDA ID
DE_SKD_GG1940
FR (1978) Nr.
FR-none
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKD_GG1940/

Provenance

  • 1740 Kunstkammer
  • 1861 Gemäldegalerie
    [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 396]

Exhibitions

Dresden 1937, 17
Chemnitz 2005, no. 31
Lübeck 2021, no. 19

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Exhib. Cat. Lübeck 2021 194, 195 019 Figs. pp. 194, 195
EditorDagmar Täube
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere und Hans Kemmer. Meistermaler zwischen Renaissance und Reformation [Lübeck, St. Annen-Museum]
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2021
Heydenreich 2021 B 60, 64-67, 69 Figs. 10, 14
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleHans Kemmer: Spuren künstlerischer Gestaltungsprozesse. Teil II: Wittenberg
Publicationin Dagmar Täube, ed., Lucas Cranach der Ältere und Hans Kemmer. Meistermaler zwischen Renaissance und Reformation [Lübeck, St. Annen-Museum]
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2021
Pages59-69
Kolb 2015 A 212, Fn. 34-39; 213; 214 Figs. 5, 6
AuthorKarin Kolb
TitleZuschreibung im Cranach-Oeuvre. Neue Überlegungen zu einem alten Problem
Publicationin Elke A. Werner, Anne Eusterschulte, Gunnar Heydenreich, eds., Lucas Cranach der Jüngere und die Reformation der Bilder
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2015
Pages206-215
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005 394-401 31 Pls. pp. 394, 395, Figs. 177, 178
EditorHarald Marx, Karin Kolb, Ingrid Mössinger
TitleCranach Anlässlich der Ausstellung Cranach vom 13. November 2005 bis 12. März 2006 in den Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz. Eine Ausstellung in Kooperation mit der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister der Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Kolb 2005 A 131 31
AuthorKarin Kolb
TitleCranach - Die Gemälde in Dresden und ihre Geschichte
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, eds., Cranach. Gemälde aus Dresden, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages112-173
Kolb 2005 C 533, 549, 550, 552, 553 31
AuthorKarin Kolb
TitleDokumentation zum Dresdener Cranach-Bestand
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, eds., Cranach. Gemälde aus Dresden, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages526-572
Schölzel 2005 190, 191 31 Fig. 96
AuthorChristoph Schölzel
TitleZeichnungen unter der Farbschicht. Zu den Unterzeichnungen von Cranachs Gemälden in der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister und in der Rüstkammer Dresden
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, eds., Cranach. Gemälde aus Dresden, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages182-197
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1937 17
Authorn. a.
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere und der Jüngere. Ausstellung von Werken aus dem Besitze der Staatlichen Gemäldegalerie und dem Staatlichen Kupferstichkabinet
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1937
Cat. Dresden 1896 632
AuthorKarl Woermann
TitleKatalog der Königlichen Gemäldegalerie zu Dresden. Grosse Ausgabe
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1896
Link https://archive.org/details/katalogderknigli1896geml/page/n3/mode/2up
Cat. Dresden 1887 615
AuthorKarl Woermann
TitleKatalog der Königlichen Gemäldegalerie zu Dresden. Grosse Ausgabe
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1887
Link https://digital.slub-dresden.de/werkansicht/dlf/89861/5
Cat. Dresden 1862 No. 1797
AuthorJulius Hübner
TitleVerzeichniss der Königlichen Gemälde-Gallerie zu Dresden. Mit einer historischen Einleitung. Notizen über die Erwerbung und Angaben der Bezeichnung der einzelnen Bilder
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1862
  • Emperor Heinrich II/ Verso: John the Baptist, about 1515

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • reverse
  • irr
  • irr
  • other
  • other

Technical studies

26.10.2012Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr
  • irr

Underdrawing

Results

Drawing material:

- fluid (brush)

Technique:

Recto:

- extensive and detailed drawing with a brush, not binding for the painted version, for example on the right hand (originally smaller); the main outlines were executed in long, broad strokes, the facial features and the details on the hands were indicated with small arcs and hooks; the folds on the right sleeve and the light undergarment were emphasized with dynamic strokes; in the background on the left clouds or vegetation are indicated sketchily (not considered in the painted version) [1]

- in the robe single details not executed in paint, like the extension of the robe over the shoulder and the loops along the outer hem, four circular shapes indicating precious stones on the base ring of the crown, architecture as well as vegetation on the ground and the most significant shapes sketched freehand

Verso:

- similarly free drawing with a brush, which was not binding for the subsequent painted version; the outlines were executed with characteristic long, broad strokes, sometimes corrected and the muscles and folds were indicated employing arc, strokes and squiggles [1]

- brushstrokes to create the face show a slight change in the position of the eyes in comparison with the painted version; details indicating volume with the figure, underlined by the arrangement of the folds in the clothing, architecture originally partially with aand higher roof and towers in the background at the top left; isolated elements of the composition only partially visible due to later alterations like the right and left hands, the book and the lamb

- sketchy representation in the sky to the left of St John and on the right above the tree

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 394]

[Böhme, Schölzel, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 2012]

  • photographed by Christoph Schölzel
  • photographed by Alexandra Böhme

2005Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography

Underdrawing

Recto: extensive and detailed drawing with a brush, not binding for the painted version, for example on the right hand (originally smaller); the main outlines were executed in long, broad strokes, the facial features and the details on the hands were indicated with small arcs and hooks; the folds on the right sleeve and the light undergarment were emphasized with dynamic strokes; in the background on the left clouds or vegetation are indicated sketchily (not considered in the painted version)

Verso: similarly free drawing with a brush, which was not binding for the subsequent painted version; the outlines were executed with characteristic long, broad strokes, sometimes corrected and the muscles and folds were indicated employing arc, strokes and squiggles

Framing

New frame: gilded 18th or 19th century Dresden gallery frame

[Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 394]

2003Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • other
  • reverse

Support

- 0.8 cm thick

- painted on both sides

- original surface on the reverse

- two vertically aligned boards

[Schlegel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 394]

Condition Reports

Date2005

Support:

  • the planks are convexly warped (Recto: 0.5 cm)

Painted surface:

Recto:

  • retouches particularly in the background, in the lower half of the painting and along the joins; bottom left potential flaking

  • old, yellowed varnish

Verso:

  • fragmentary condition

  • partially obscured by previous restorations and overpaint

[Schlegel, Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 394]

Conservation History

Date1996

[GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Meldung][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 394]

Date1957

[GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Restaurierungsprotokoll][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 394]

Date1915

[Sächs. HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8, Bd. 14, Bl. 167][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 394]

Date1861

[Sächs. HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8, Bd. 3, Bl. 113, 114][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 394]

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Emperor Heinrich II/ Verso: John the Baptist', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKD_GG1940/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Emperor Heinrich II/ Verso: John the Baptist', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKD_GG1940/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

Help us to improve the Cranach Digital Archive.

Please contact us, if you have noticed a mistake.