The Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine of Alexandria with Saints Dorothy, Margaret and Barbara

The Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine of Alexandria with Saints Dorothy, Margaret and Barbara

Titles

The Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine of Alexandria with Saints Dorothy, Margaret and Barbara

[Cat. Budapest 2003]

The Virgin and Child with Sts Margaret, Catherine, Dorothy and Barbara

[Exhib. Cat. Brussels 2010]

The Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine Accompanied by the Holy Virgins

[Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007]

Virgin and Child with Sts Catherine, Dorothy, Margaret and Barbara, in front of a Drape Held by Angels

[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1978, No. 86]

Painting on limewood

Medium

Painting on limewood

[Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, revised 2011]

The Virgin sits at the centre wearing a red dress and a blue coat. She supports the child on her lap with her right hand and holds a bunch of grapes in her left hand. St Catherine kneels on the left, facing to the right and the little one puts

The Virgin sits at the centre wearing a red dress and a blue coat. She supports the child on her lap with her right hand and holds a bunch of grapes in her left hand. St Catherine kneels on the left, facing to the right and the little one puts a ring on her finger. St Barbara kneels beside the Virgin on the right, to her left behind the Virgin is St Dorothy with a basket of flowers. A black curtain hangs from St Barbara's tower to the top left corner and is held and stretched by a host of small angels. There is a mountainous landscape in the background on the right. Signed with the serpent with two bats wings on the bottom left on St Catherine's wheel.

[Flechsig 1900 B]

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Szépmuvézeti Múzeum, revised 2011]

Production dates
about 1516 - 1518
about 1517

Production dates

about 1516 - 1518

[Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, revised 2011][Posse 1942, 56][Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932, 44-45]

about 1515

[Grimm 1998, 81]

about 1517

[Woermann 1900, 55]

about 1518

[Flechsig 1900 B, 16, No. 35]

after 1516

[Heyck 1908, 69]

1516

painted shortly after the variant in Wörlitz (FR 85) [Glaser 1921, 225]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 67.9 x 47.4 x 1.3 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 67.9 x 47.4 x 1.3 cm

  • Painted surface: 65 x 45.5 cm

  • [Herrschaft, cda 2014]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia at the bottom left on the wheel: winged serpent with elevated wings, facing right, in yellow paint

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia at the bottom left on the wheel: winged serpent with elevated wings, facing right, in yellow paint

Inscriptions and Labels
Reverse of the panel: - bottom left: remains of a stamp 'Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum' (Hungarian National Museum) - bottom: label 'Országos Képtár/Képtár/Az …

Inscriptions and Labels

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse of the panel:
  • - bottom left:
  • remains of a stamp 'Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum' (Hungarian National Museum)
  • - bottom:
  • label 'Országos Képtár/Képtár/Az 1888. évi leltározás/133. sz.' (National Gallery Inventory 1888) and '275. szám./N. mus. átalános képtár/protocollumában.' (Inv.-No. National Museum)
  • Modern label from the Szépmuvészeti Múzeum
  • - top:
  • Inscription '5. Schatzk.' (see provenance)
  • [Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, revised 2011]
Owner
Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, Budapest
Repository
Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, Budapest
Location
Budapest
CDA ID
HU_SMB_133
FR (1978) Nr.
FR086
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/HU_SMB_133/

Provenance

  • 1758 in the viennese ecclesiastic treasury (Geistliche Schatzkammer)
    (identified with absolute certainty for the first time in the inventory from the 23rd of Febuary 1758 as '5. A portrait of a woman with other holy virgins by Cranich')
  • 1848 acquired by the Hungarian National Museum (Budapest) from the court chamber commitee in Ofen (Buda, Budapest)
  • 1875 Országos Képtár (National Gallery), Budapest
  • 1906 Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, Budapest

[Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, revised 2011]

Exhibitions

Dresden 1899
Budapest 1953
Lugano 1985
Nuremberg 1986
Frankfurt 2007
London 2008
Brussels 2010
Paris 2011

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Exhib. Cat. Brussels 2010 123 31
EditorBozarbooks & Lannoo, Guido Messling
TitleDie Welt des Lucas Cranach. Ein Künstler im Zeitalter von Dürer, Tizian und Metsys [anlässlich der Ausstellung "Die Welt des Lucas Cranach", Palast der Schönen Künste, Brüssel, 20. Oktober 2010 - 23. Januar 2011]
Place of PublicationBrussels
Year of Publication2010
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007 170-171 27 p. 171
EditorBodo Brinkmann
TitleCranach der Ältere, [Frankfurt, Städel Museum, 23 Nov 2007 - 17 Feb 2008]
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Cat. Budapest 2006 No. 55
EditorAndrea Czére
TitleMuseum of Fine Arts Budapest. Masterpieces from the Collection
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication2006
Chamonikola 2005 B 15 (English version 7, 10)
AuthorKaliopi Chamonikola
TitleLucas Cranach a ceské zeme/ Lucas Cranach and the Czech Lands
Publicationin Kaliopi Chamonikola, ed., Pod znamením okrídleného hada. Lucas Cranach a ceské zeme, Under the winged Serpent, Lucas Cranach and the Czech Lands, Exhib. Prague 2005
Place of PublicationPrague
Year of Publication2005
Pages13-33 (6-15)
Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005 Fig. p. 15
EditorObrazárna Pražského hradu, Kaliopi Chamonikola
TitlePod znamením okrídleného hada. Lucas Cranach a ceské zeme. Under the winged Serpent. Lucas Cranach and the Czech Land
Place of PublicationPrague
Year of Publication2005
Cat. Budapest 2003 29, 30
EditorIldikó Ember, István Takács
TitleMuseum of Fine Arts Budapest. Old Masters' Gallery. Summary Catalogue, Vol. 3: German, Austrian, Bohemian and British Paintings
Volume3
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication2003
Garas 2001 394-395, Fn. 33
AuthorKlára Garas
TitleA budai vár egykori gyujteménye. Képek a Szépmuvészeti Múzeumban
Publicationin Tanulmányok Budapest múltjából XXIX. A budavári királyi palota évszázadai. Kiállítás és konferencia
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication2001
Pages381-410
Cat. Budapest 1998 81 No. 75
EditorKlára Garas
TitleDas Museum der Bildenden Künste Budapest
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication1998
Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 1998 190 No. 21.8
EditorWartburg-Stiftung, Eisenach, Fachhochschule , Ingo Sandner
TitleUnsichtbare Meisterzeichnungen auf dem Malgrund. Cranach und seine Zeitgenossen. Ausstellungskatalog und Tagungsband Katalogteil 1; 2: Werkstatt und Schüler Cranachs; 3: Süddeutsche Meister; 4: Albrecht Dürer und sein Kreis; 5: Rheinische Meister
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication1998
Pages229-240
Grimm 1998 81 Fig. 9.29
AuthorClaus Grimm
TitleDie Anteile von Meister und Werkstatt. Zum Fall Lucas Cranach d.Ä.
Publicationin Ingo Sandner, Wartburg-Stiftung Eisenach and Fachhochschule Köln, eds., Unsichtbare Meisterzeichnungen auf dem Malgrund. Cranach und seine Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Eisenach
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication1998
Pages67-82
Cat. Budapest 1990 205 No. 117
AuthorZsuzsa Urbach
TitleMeisterwerke des Museums der Bildenden Künste
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication1990
Ullmann 1989 83-85
AuthorErnst Ullmann
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere. Die Verlobung der Heiligen Katharina von Alexandria
JournalActa historiae artium Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Issue34
Year of Publication1989
Pages83-85
Exhib. Cat. Lugano, Nuremberg 1985/1986 No. 9
EditorCollection Thyssen-Bornemissza, Lugano
TitleCapolavori da musei ungheresi, [Collection Thyssen-Bornemissza Lugano]
Place of PublicationMilan
Year of Publication1985
Végh 1981 Nos. 24, 25
AuthorJános Végh
TitleDeutsche Tafelbilder des 16. Jahrhunderts
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication1981
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 87 No. 86 Fig. 86
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Garas 1976 Plates 112, 113
AuthorKlára Garas
TitleA Szépmuvészeti Múzeum
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication1976
Garas 1975 194 Fig. p. 195
AuthorKlára Garas
TitleDie Gemälde des Museums der Bildenden Künste Budapest
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1975
Cat. Budapest 1967 162-163
AuthorAndor Pigler
TitleKatalog der Galerie Alter Meister I-II
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication1967
Cat. Prague 1962 53
AuthorJaroslav Pešina
TitleAlt-deutsche Meister: Von Hans von Tübingen bis Dürer und Cranach
Place of PublicationPrague
Year of Publication1962
Exhib. Cat. Budapest 1953 7, 20 No. 33
EditorIvan Fenyo
TitleLucas Cranach emlékkiállítás
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication1953
Posse 1943 56 Fig. 36
AuthorHans Posse
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä.
Place of PublicationVienna
IssueSecond edition
Year of Publication1943
Posse 1942 56 Fig. 36
AuthorHans Posse
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä.
Place of PublicationVienna
Year of Publication1942
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 44-45 79
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Glaser 1923 225
AuthorCurt Glaser
TitleLukas Cranach
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1923
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/glaser1923
Woermann 1919 511
AuthorKarl Woermann
TitleGeschichte der Kunst aller Zeiten und Völker
Volume4
Place of PublicationLeipzig, Vienna
Year of Publication1919
Van Dyke 1914 125 No. 728
AuthorJohn C. Van Dyke
TitleNew Guides to Old Masters. Vienna, Budapest. Critical Notes on the Imperial Gallery and Budapest Museum
Place of PublicationNew York
Year of Publication1914
Heyck 1908 69 Fig. 21
AuthorEduard Heyck
TitleLukas Cranach
SeriesKünstlermonographien
Volume95
Place of PublicationBielefeld
Year of Publication1908
Link https://archive.org/details/lukascranach01heycgoog
Worringer 1908 116 Fig. 31
AuthorWilhelm Worringer
TitleLukas Cranach
SeriesKlassische Illustratoren
Volume3
Place of PublicationLeipzig, Munich
Year of Publication1908
Cat. Budapest 1906 335-336 No. 728 (133)
AuthorGábor Térey
TitleA Szépmuvészeti Múzeum Régi Képtárának leíró lajstroma, Hornyánszky
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication1906
Takács 1906 Fig. p. 173
AuthorZoltán von Takács
TitleNémetalföldi és német képek a XV. és XVI. századbóln
JournalMagyar Müveszet
Issue5
Year of Publication1906
Pages152-171
Michaelson 1902 16, 54, 65, 67
AuthorHedwig Michaelson
TitleLukas Cranach der Ältere. Untersuchung über die stilistische Entwicklung seiner Kunst
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1902
Flechsig 1900 A 105 No. 73
AuthorEduard Flechsig
TitleCranachstudien
Volume1
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1900
Link page/n5/mode/2up
Flechsig 1900 B 16 No. 35
AuthorEduard Flechsig
TitleTafelbilder Lucas Cranachs d. Ä. und seiner Werkstatt
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1900
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/flechsig1900tafeln
Woermann 1900 55 fig. 17
AuthorKarl Woermann
TitleDie Dresdner Cranach-Ausstellung
JournalZeitschrift für bildende Kunst
IssueN.F. 11
Year of Publication1900
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1899 073 with Fig.
EditorKarl Woermann
TitleDeutsche Kunstausstellung Dresden 1899. Abteilung Cranach-Ausstellung. Wissenschaftliches Verzeichnis der ausgestellten Werke
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1899
Link http://resolver.staatsbibliothek-berlin.de/SBB00002A2400000000
Friedländer 1899 243
AuthorMax J. Friedländer
TitleDie Cranach-Ausstellung in Dresden
JournalRepertorium für Kunstwissenschaft
Issue22
Year of Publication1899
Pages236-249
Seidlitz 1899 202
AuthorWoldemar von Seidlitz
TitleL'exposition Cranach à Dresden
JournalGazette des Beaux-Arts
Issue3.Pér. 22.1899
Year of Publication1899
Pages191-207
Cat. Budapest 1897 78-79 No. 133
Authorn. a.
TitleAz Országos Képtár mutárgyainak leíró lajstroma, Athenaeum
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication1897
Frimmel 1892 251
AuthorTheodor von Frimmel
TitleKleine Galeriestudien I
Place of PublicationBamberg
Year of Publication1892
Cat. Budapest 1888 18 No. 133
AuthorKároly Pulszky
TitleOrszágos Képtár. A képgyujteméy leíró lajstroma
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication1888
Thausing 1884 366-385
AuthorMoritz Thausing
TitleDie heilige Katharina von Alexandrien. Aus der Eszterhazy-Galerie
Publicationin Moritz Thausing, ed., Wiener Kunstbriefe
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1884
Pages366-385
Cat. Budapest 1883 46-47 (Bd. II)
AuthorHugo von Tschudi, Károly Pulszky
TitleLandes-Gemälde-Galerie in Budapest (vormals Esterházy-Galerie). I.: Italienische uns spanische Meister von Dr. Hugo von Tschudi II.: deutsche, niederländische und französische Meister von Dr. Karl von Pulszky
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationVienna
Year of Publication1883
Cat. Budapest 1881 23 No. 178
EditorKároly Pulszky
TitleA magyar Országos Képtár ideiglenes lajstroma
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication1881
Cat. Budapest 1876 4 No. 29
EditorGebrüder Légrády
TitleCatalog der Landes-Gemälde-Gallerie im Academie-Gebäude
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication1876
Cat. Budapest 1870 89 No. V/5
EditorAntal Ligeti
TitleA Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum képcsarnokának ismerteto lajstroma
Place of PublicationBuda
Year of Publication1870
Cat. Budapest 1868 No. 55
EditorÁgoston Kubinyi, János Herz
TitleA Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum Képtárának lajstroma
Place of PublicationPest
Year of Publication1868
  • The Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine of Alexandria with Saints Dorothy, Margaret and Barbara, about 1516 - 1518

Images

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Technical studies

06. 2014Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • UV-light photography
  • uv_light
  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

2014 - Technical Examination

Support

- hardwood panel constructed out of 3 boards running in the direction of the grain, dimension (recto): 14.7 (l.); 17.9; 14.7 (r.)

- on the reverse: two horizontal oak cross-member (dovetails) each 5.3 cm wide

Ground and Imprimatura

- white ground does not extend as far as the edge of the panel

- dimensions of the picture plane incised into the ground

Paint Layers and Gilding

- high quality painting

- there is a black painted boarder between the incised lines and the edge of the panel

  • examined by Jana Herrschaft

10. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- fluid, black medium and brush

Type/Ductus:

- freehand underdrawing

- thin to broader lines

Function:

- only partially binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; no representation of volume

Deviations:

- alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form; smaller and larger changes (e.g. faces and hands)

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

Condition Reports

Date2014 -

  • Craquelée particularrly visible in the flesh paint, running primarily in the direction of the grain

  • verdigris discoloured (brown) in the foliage in the background

  • a few retouches are visible (smaller ones in the sky)

  • examined by Jana Herrschaft

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'The Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine of Alexandria with Saints Dorothy, Margaret and Barbara', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/HU_SMB_133/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'The Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine of Alexandria with Saints Dorothy, Margaret and Barbara', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/HU_SMB_133/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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