Cranach - Prague Altarpiece [rechter wing, fragment]: St Christine [recto]; Annunciation [verso, fragment of an angel]
Prague Altarpiece [rechter wing, fragment]: St Christine [recto]; Annunciation [verso, fragment of an angel]
Lucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop
Národní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague)
17.06.2019 - 02:51
Choose objects with for comparison
Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberCZ_NGP_O17435
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/CZ_NGP_O17435
FR (1978) No.FR138
Title:
Prague Altarpiece [rechter wing, fragment]: St Christine [recto]; Annunciation [verso, fragment of an angel][cda 2014]
The Glorification of the Virgin, fragments of an altarpiece[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 135-138]
Hide content...
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop[Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, no. 7b] [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 7] [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2016, No. 2]
Dating:
about 1520[Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, no. 7b] [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 7] [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2016, No. 2]
about 1520 - 1522[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 135-138]
Hide content...
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerNárodní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague)
RepositoryNárodní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague)
LocationPrague
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 72 x 50.5 cm (fragment) [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 7]
Support:
Painting on lime wood [Klein Report, 08.04.2013] [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 7]
Signature / Date:
None
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
'[Ch]risti virgo dilectissima . virtutu[m] [o]peratrix . Opem fer miseris . Subveni d[omi]na . Clamantibus . Ad te iugiter' [cda 2014]
Description:
The fragment with St Christine formed the right wing of an altar triptych. On the left an angel's head on a cloud can be recognized. On the right remnants of another female figure can be seen. The corner of a book and the end of an arrow suggest it may be St Vorsile standing in the background. The fragment lacks the usual attribute of St Christine - the millstone referring to her martyrdom (although it was probably depicted at her feet) - but the saint is nevertheless identified by an inscription in her hands written in gothic minuscule and hiding her name. [O. Kotková, in: Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, 28, No. 7b]
Provenance:
- from about 1520 until 1619 in St Vitus's Cathedral in Prague
- 1619 - 1782 in the collection of the Prague Castle
- 1782 - approx. 1801 in the Götz collection
- 1801 - 1922 loan from the Prague collection of Count Joseph Nostitz and his heirs to the Picture Gallery of the Society of Patriotic Friends of Arts (now NG)
- from 1922 - approx. 1934 in the Nostitz collection, Prague
- approx. 1934 - 1999 in Richard Morawetz collection (from 1939 - 1997 in the National Gallery Prague)
- 1999 purchased from the heirs of Richard Morawetz

[O. Kotková, in: Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, 28, No. 7b]
Exhibitions:
- Prague 1935, No. 132
- Prague 1939, No. 68
- Tokyo 1980, No. 23
- Prague 2005, No. 7b
- Düsseldorf 2017, Nr. 89
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017182-183No. 89
Exhib. Cat. Prague 201619, 50-572Figs. pp. 19, 50-52
Tacke 201583
Cat. Prague 200726-27, 1927
Exhib. Cat. Prague 200558-60, 62 (English version 26-28)7bPl. p. 62
Chamonikola 2005 A7 (English version 3)
Kotkova 2005 B42-44 (English version 19, 20)Fig. p. 43
Fajt 200423
Exhib. Cat. Prague 2004140126
Thümmel 200264-65
Wittmann 1998171
Thümmel 1994166-169Fig. A112
Vlnas, Sekyrka 1991331-332
Cat. Prague 1988126-127275
Kotalík 1988202-203
Kotalík 1984204
Exhib. Cat. Tokyo 198023
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197998138
Pešina 197469
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 1972 B173
Cat. Karlsruhe 196690
Cat. Prague 1962XVII54
Cat. Prague 19601594
Cat. Prague 19491490
Loriš 19429
Exhib. Cat. Prague 1939768
Kramár 1939186
Exhib. Cat. Prague 193524132
Friedländer, Rosenberg 193252116
Matejcek 191341
Cat. Prague 191238-39120
Cat. Prague 188946166
Gindely 1878319 [Bd. 2)
Cat. Prague 182747850
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.06.2014
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop - Národní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague) - Prague Altarpiece [rechter wing, fragment]: St Christine [recto]; Annunciation [verso, fragment of an angel] - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - fluid, black medium and brush; initial rough design may have been fixed with a pen?

    Type/Ductus:
    - freehand underdrawing
    - thin to slightly broader lines

    Function:
    - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; no representation of volume

    Deviations:
    - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - Lucas Cranach the Elder and workshop

    Comments:
    - incised lines for the text

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2014]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • Date: 08.04.2013
    • Scientific analysis
    • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
    • Support
    • Identification of wood species: lime wood
      [Klein Report, 08.04.2013]
      • examined by: Peter Klein
      • Date: 2004
      • Technical Examination
      • Infrared reflectography
      • Underdrawing
      • The IRR examination revealed a minor correction of the size of the thumb. This type of shift can also be seen in other details of St Christine; however, no major changes made by the artist that would result in the correction of the composition appeared. The underdrawing is, in general, executed rather sparingly, without any hatching, and is reduced to the main outlines.

        [Cat. Prague 2007, 192, No. 7]
        • examined by: Jirí Treštík
        • examined by: Jana Odvárková
        • Date: 1993
        • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
        • X-radiography
        • Micro-sampling / cross-sections
        • Paint Layers and Gilding
        • - the fragment of an angel on the reverse is from about 1600 or the beginning of the 17th century (pigment composition).
          - there is an earlier layer of paint beneath with black and grey underdrawing. An x-radiograph shows a diagonally placed ornamental motif completed by lavish ornamentation. This layer of paint is not far off Cranach's painting.

          [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, 28, No. 7b]
          • examined by: J. Grohmanová