Cranach - Altarpiece of the Virgin, or so-called Princes' Altarpiece [right wing]
Altarpiece of the Virgin, or so-called Princes' Altarpiece [right wing]
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau
23.11.2017 - 00:55
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_AGGD_7b
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_AGGD_7b
FR (1978) No.FR020
Title:
Altarpiece of the Virgin, or so-called Princes' Altarpiece [right wing][CDA 2011]
The Elector Johann with St Jacob the Elder [right wing][Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, Bd. 1, 23]
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Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, revised 2011] [Flechsig 1900 A, 85, 88, 266, 283][1] [Hosäus 1883, No. 1557, 49, 95][1] [1][Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, Bd. 1, 23]
Matthias Grünewald [Müller 1879, 321][1] [1][Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, Bd. 1, 23]
UnknownPseudogrünewald [Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1899, No. 127][1] [1][Klingen, Cat. Dessau1996, Bd. 1, 23]
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Dating:
about 1510[Grimm 1998, 73][Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 73, No. 20]
about 1509[Sandner 1998 B, 88]
about 1507 - 1509[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, Bd. 1, 23]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerAnhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau
RepositoryAnhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau
LocationDessau
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 106 x 41.5 x 0.9 cm Dimensions including frame: 116.5 x 51.3 x 5 cm [Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, revised 2011]
Support:
Painting on lime wood [Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, Bd. 1, 23]
Signature / Date:
None
Description:
The black background of the central panel extends over the wing panels. Here Friedrich the Wise kneels with Johann the Steadfast and both donors. Their heads together with the heads of the female saints and that of the Virgin on the central panel create a hierarchical triangular arrangement that lends the compostion composure, while at the same time allowing the electors to participate in the solemn atmosphere of the central scene. The space behind the dukes is occupied by standing figures of saints, who are identified by their attributes as St Bartholomew (left) and James the Elder (right). As a special honour St Bartholomew rests his hand on the ruling Friedrich's shoulder. This side dominates over the right wing due to his bright white coat. [Görres, in Bonnet, Kopp-Schmitt, Görres 2010, 156]
Provenance:
- origin unknown, possibly originally intended for the Lady Chapel in the church of Wittenberg Castle
[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, Bd. 1, 23]
- old ducal Inv. No. 1557, Joachim-Ernst-Stiftung
[Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau 2011]
- 1879 recorded in the 'Gotischen Haus' in Wörlitz (war cabinet)
[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, Bd. 1, 23]

- Wörlitz (R.D.A), Gotisches Haus, No. 1557
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 73, No. 20]
Exhibitions:
Dresden 1899, No. 127
Erfurt 1903, No. 184
Berlin 1937, No. 15, Fig. 20
Weimar, Wittenberg 1953, 20, No. 3
Dresden 1971, 100-102, No. 104, Fig.
Weimar 1972, No. 3, Figs. 36-37
Berlin 1983, 109f., No. B47, Figs. 92, 93
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Melzer 2015 B152
Bonnet, Görres 201544-4712p. 44, 47
Ruoss, Giesicke 201517711
Schuchardt 2015 A10
Exhib. Cat. Wörlitz 2015136-137
Aikema 201025Fig. 4, p. 22
Heydenreich 2007 B42, 4424, 31, 32
Brinkmann 200719
Heydenreich 2007 A19, 67, 68, 100, 102, 120, 122, 138, 150, 151, 187, 188, 193, 201, 204, 303, 394Figs. 4, 138, 161, 165, 249
Bünsche 1998 A62
Schuchardt 1998 B13
Grimm 199873, 75-80Figs. 9.13, 9.26, 9.27
Heydenreich 1998 A191
Wittmann 1998169
Sandner 1998 B87, 88, 129Fig. 14.10
Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 199812914.10Fig. 14.10
Cat. Dessau 199623-25No. 7Plate 5
Erichsen 1994 A151, 158Fig. A94
Schuchardt 199469-73Figs. 70, 71
Thümmel 1994167, 168, 170
Sandner, Ritschel 1994188, 189, 191-193Figs. A134, A135, A136, A137, A138, A139
Hinz 199334Fig. 36f.
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1983109f.,No. B47Figs. 92, 93
Hintzenstern 198158, 59with Fig.
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197972No. 20Fig. 20
Schade 197438f., 385Figs. 56, 57, 58
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 1972 B169No. 3Figs. 36, 37
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1971100-102No. 104with Fig.
Posse 194354No. 26Fig. 26
Posse 194254No. 26Fig. 26
Lilienfein 194231Fig. 22
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 193717No. 15Fig. 20
Mayer 1933109
Friedländer, Rosenberg 19323219
Heyck 192776, 82Figs. 24, 25
Cat. Dessau 192715No. 7Fig. 7
Glaser 192370Figs. 71, 72, 73
Hartmann 191388No. 1557
Friedländer 19059Fig. 7
Exhib. Cat. Erfurt 190332No. 184
Michaelson 190218-30, 46, 49Figs. 6-8
Flechsig 1900 BPlates 9, 10
Flechsig 1900 A85f., 88, 266, 283
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1899No. 127
Hosäus 188349, 95No. 1557
Müller 1879321
Rossmann 187651