Cranach - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple
Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
23.11.2017 - 00:55
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SKD_GG3861
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SKD_GG3861
FR (1978) No.FR025
Title:
Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple[CDA 2011]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 318]
Dating:
about 1510[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 318][Grimm 1998, 70]
about 1509 - 1510[Sandner 1998 B, 88]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStaatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
RepositoryStaatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
LocationDresden
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 146 x 100 cm [Schlegel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 318]
Support:
Painting on Lime wood [Klein, Report 2013] [Schlegel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 318]
Signature / Date:
None
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse of the panel: [Gal.-Nr., repeated]; in black ink on the 19th vertical batten: 'Inv. 27'; on a label: 'Cranach, Lucas d. Ä., 'Die Tempelreinigung', Öl, Holz, o, 995 x 1,45 m, herkunft: Kirchengemeinde Mölbis über Ev. Luth. Landeskirchen Sachsen, Dresden - A27, Lukasstr. 6 s. LV/44 von 1958'; in blue ink on a label: '35 Kr 416, mAs 20.11.33, Inst. f. Denkmalpflege Halle'; in pencil: 'Mölbis/Evangelische Kirche' [Schlegel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 318]
Description:
Christ is shown at the centre of the image driving the tradesmen out of the temple. In panic they back away from the lunging figure with a raised whip and in the process trip over their own wares. Behind Christ those left in the temple observe the event together with the apostles. [Görres, cda 2015]
Provenance:
- the church of Mölbis (District of Borna)
[Landesamt für Denkmalpflege, Mappe 63, fol. 27-64]; [Sächs. HStADD, Vorakten Nr. 5, fol. 6]; [Sächs. HStADD, Vorakten Nr. 55 fol. 172-174]; [Sächs. HStADD, Vorakten Nr. 65, fol. 171-173]; [Sächs. HStADD, Vorakten Nr. 90, fol. 48-52]; [Sächs. HStADD, Vorakten Nr. 149, fol. 271]

[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 320, 325, Fn. 1]
Exhibitions:
Weimar, Wittenberg 1953, No. 4
Kronach, Leipzig 1994, 152, 153
Torgau 2004, Bd. 1, 24-26
Chemnitz 2005, No. 20
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Maaz 201040, 41
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005318-325No. 20
Exhib. Cat. Torgau 200424-26 (Bd. 1)
Grimm 199870, 71Fig. 9.4
Sandner 1998 B88, 90, 91
Erichsen 1994 A152, 153, 155Fig. A.96
Cat. Dresden 1992157
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197973No. 25Fig. 25
Schade 197426, 30, 72, 430
Hentschel 1973No. 333
Ullmann 1973272
Walther 1972
Ullmann 1972272
Lüdecke 197224, 25
Behrend 196728
Lüdecke 1953 B41, 103, 104, 116
Rudloff-Hille 1953 B17, 18
Hentschel 1948
Steche 189177
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 08.04.2013
  • Scientific analysis
  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • Support
  • Identification of wood species: lime wood
    • analysed by: Peter Klein
    • Date: 2010
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - Infrared Images
    • Underdrawing
    • DESCRIPTION

      Tools/Materials:
      - fluid, black medium; brush

      Type/Ductus:
      - freehand underdrawing
      - thin lines
      - hatching-strokes
      - construction lines for the architecture

      Function:
      - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and indicate the essential features; representation of volume with hatching-strokes

      Deviations:
      - minor adjustments made during the painting process


      INTERPRETATION

      Attribution:
      - Lucas Cranach the Elder

      [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich cda 2014]
      • photographed by: Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
      • Date: 2005
      • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
      • Infrared reflectography
      • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - Infrared Images
      • Underdrawing
      • Masterly underdrawing executed with a brush, construction lines in the architecture; the painted version follows the underdrawing to a greater extent, hooks, arcs and hatching-strokes in the shadow of the folds.
      • Framing
      • New frame: Stucco frame in the style of the 18th and 19th century Dresden gallery frames

        [Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 318]
          • Date: 2003
          • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
          • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - Other
          • Support
          • - ten planks horizontally aligned
            - marks from a toothed plane

            [Schlegel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 318]
              • Date: 1995
              • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
              • X-radiography
              • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - X-Radiographs
              • see pdf for interpretation
                  • Date: 27.09.1993
                  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
                  • X-radiography
                  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Expulsion of the Money-changers from the Temple - X-Radiographs
                      Condition Reports:
                      • Date: 2005
                      • Support: - 0.6 cm thick (thinned) - cradle consisting of twenty vertical members and seven horizontal members (pine wood) - reddish glaze on the cradle and the reverse of the panel - woodworm damage (open channels) Painted surface: - retouching particularly along the joins and in the gilding of the spandrels - thick, yellowed varnish [Schlegel, Schölzel , Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 318]
                        History of Restoration:
                        • Date: 2005
                        • see pdf
                          • Date: 1986
                          • [GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Meldung][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 318] see also pdf
                            • Date: 1977
                            • [GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Meldung][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 318] see also pdf
                              • Date: 1976
                              • [GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Meldung][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 318] see also pdf
                                • Date: 01.07.1958
                                • see pdf
                                  • Date: 1955
                                  • [GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Restaurierungsprotokoll][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 318]