The Crucifixion with the Converted Captain

The Crucifixion with the Converted Captain

Title

The Crucifixion with the Converted Captain

[CDA 2011]

Painting on beech wood

Medium

Painting on beech wood

[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, 30]

The crucifixion with the converted captain [...] Christ still lives and is flanked by the thieves, beneath the cross the captain rides a rearing horse. The paintings depicting this scene also have an inscription quoting the relevant verse from the bible (Luk. 23, 46 or Mk. 15, 39). Recent research

The crucifixion with the converted captain [...] Christ still lives and is flanked by the thieves, beneath the cross the captain rides a rearing horse. The paintings depicting this scene also have an inscription quoting the relevant verse from the bible (Luk. 23, 46 or Mk. 15, 39). Recent research has shown that his new iconographical type can be more closely associated with Lucas Cranach the Younger. It is a confessional painting inspired by reformation ideas and can be interpreted as meaning that salvation comes alone through a belief in the word of God [...] The panel in Dessau differs slightly from this type [...] by contrasting the captain on the right with a depiction of the women and St John grouped around the slumped figure of the Virgin.

[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, 30]

Attributions
Lucas Cranach the Younger
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attributions

Lucas Cranach the Younger

[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, 30]
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932, 85, No. 302a][1]

[1][Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, 30]

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Hosäus 1883, 52, No. 1614][1]
[Parthey 1864, Bd. I, 683][1]
[Schuchardt 1851 A, Bd. II, 152, No. 454][1]

1][Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, 30]

Production dates
about 1538 - 1540
about 1538

Production dates

about 1538 - 1540

[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, 30]

about 1538

[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 149]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 85.5 x 57.7 x 0.8 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 85.5 x 57.7 x 0.8 cm

  • Dimensions including frame: 97.1 x 69.3 x 5.0 cm (+ 2.2 cm)

  • [Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, revised 2011]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia bottom right: winged serpent and dated '1538'

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia bottom right: winged serpent and dated '1538'

  • Questions whether date is genuine

  • [Cat. Dessau 1927, 15, No. 17][1]

  • Questions date and signature

  • [Friedländer,Rosenberg 1932, 85]

  • [1][Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, 30]

Inscriptions and Labels
- top: 'VATER IN DEIN HANT BEFIL ICH MAIN GAIST' - above the captain's head: 'WARLICH DIESER MENSCH IST GOTTES SUN GEWES(T)' Reverse …

Inscriptions and Labels

Inscriptions, Badges:

  • - top: 'VATER IN DEIN HANT BEFIL ICH MAIN GAIST'
  • - above the captain's head:
  • 'WARLICH DIESER MENSCH IST GOTTES SUN GEWES(T)'
  • [Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, 30]

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse of the panel: - top left, in the second field (from the left] of the cradle:
  • paper label 'Gemäldegalerie Dessau / Werkstatt-Tagebuch Nr. [stamp-printed] 536 [handwritten with a feather in brown-black ink]'
  • - bottom left (on the third cradle batten from the left):
  • paper label, inscription handwritten in blue ink, 'Cranach, Lukas / 17 Kreuzigung Christi / Jst 1614, Staat 8, GV 395' (Staat 8 Nr. is incorrect, the correct no. is 7)
  • Reverse of the frame:
  • - top left:
  • paper label (hardly legible), 'Gemäldegalerie Dessau / Werkstatt-Tagebuch Nr. [stamp-printed] 536 (handwritten with a feather in brown-black ink]'
  • - top right:
  • ink in black 'W. -J. 1930/123'
  • - bottom right:
  • paper label 'Staatliche Galerie Dessau / Gesamtverzeichnis / Nr. [printed] 395 [handwritten in pencil]'
  • - beside this at the edge:
  • in blue ink, illegible lettering (?)
  • [Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, revised 2011]
Owner
Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau
Repository
Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau
Location
Dessau
CDA ID
DE_AGGD_17
FR (1978) Nr.
FR377B
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_AGGD_17/

Provenance

  • old ducal Inv. No. 1614, Joachim-Ernst-Stiftung
    [Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, revised 2011]

  • origin unknown

  • since 1863 recorded in the Gotisches Haus in Wörlitz (library)

[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, 30]

Exhibitions

Berlin 1983, 365, 327, No. E 60, Fig.
Brussels, Paris 2010/2011, 232, 233, No. 151, Fig. p. 232

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Exhib. Cat. Wörlitz 2015 116-117
EditorKulturstiftung Dessau Wörlitz
EditingWolfgang Savelsberg
TitleCranach im Gotischen Haus in Wörlitz, [Wörlitz, Gotisches Haus, 15 May - 4 Oct. 2015]
SeriesKataloge und Schriften der Kulturstiftung Dessau Wörlitz
Volume35
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2015
Exhib. Cat. Paris 2011 232, 233 151 Fig. p. 232
EditorGuido Messling
TitleCranach et son temps [Paris, Musée du Luxembourg]
Place of PublicationParis
Year of Publication2011
Exhib. Cat. Brussels 2010 232-233 151 p. 232
EditorBozarbooks & Lannoo, Guido Messling
TitleDie Welt des Lucas Cranach. Ein Künstler im Zeitalter von Dürer, Tizian und Metsys [anlässlich der Ausstellung "Die Welt des Lucas Cranach", Palast der Schönen Künste, Brüssel, 20. Oktober 2010 - 23. Januar 2011]
Place of PublicationBrussels
Year of Publication2010
Cat. Dessau 1996 30, 31 No. 17 Fig. 17
AuthorStephan Klingen
TitleDie deutschen Gemälde des 16. und 17. Jahrhunderts, Kritischer Bestandskatalog
Volume1
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1996
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1983 365 No. E 60 Fig. p. 327
EditorAltes Museum, Berlin
TitleKunst der Reformationzeit
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1983
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 146 No. 377B
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 85 302a
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Cat. Dessau 1929 17 No. 17
AuthorLudwig Grote
TitleFührer durch die Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie
Place of PublicationDessau
Year of Publication1929
Cat. Dessau 1927 15 No. 17
AuthorLudwig Grote
TitleFührer durch die Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie
Place of PublicationDessau
Year of Publication1927
Hartmann 1913 91 No. 1614
AuthorAdolph Hartmann
TitleDer Wörlitzer Park und seine Kunstschätze
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1913
Hosäus 1883 52 No. 1614
AuthorWilhelm Hosäus
TitleWorlitz. Ein Handbuch für die Besucher des Wörlitzer Gartens und der Wörlitzer Kunstsammlungen
Place of PublicationDessau
Year of Publication1883
Parthey 1863-1864 683 (Bd. 1)
AuthorGustav Parthey
TitleDeutscher Bildersaal. Verzeichnis der in Deutschland vorhandenen Oelbilder verstorbener Maler aller Schulen
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1864
Schuchardt 1851 C 152 454
AuthorChristian Schuchardt
TitleLucas Cranach des Aeltern Leben und Werke. Zweiter Theil
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1851
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schuchardt1851bd2
  • The Crucifixion with the Converted Captain, about 1538 - 1540

Images

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Technical studies

04. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

- an underdrawing is barely visible, fine brushstrokes?

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'The Crucifixion with the Converted Captain', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_AGGD_17/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'The Crucifixion with the Converted Captain', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_AGGD_17/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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