Cranach - Allegory of Law and Grace
Allegory of Law and Grace
Lucas Cranach the Elder and workshop
Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums
24.04.2019 - 18:05
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_KSW_G12a
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_KSW_G12a
FR (1978) No.FR221A
Title:
Allegory of Law and Grace[CDA 2011]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder and workshop[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52]
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Exhib. Cat. Weimar 2015, 48]
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Dating:
about 1535 - 1540[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52] [Exhib. Cat. Weimar 2015, 48]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerKlassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums
RepositoryKlassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums
LocationWeimar
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 54 x 102 cm [Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52]
Support:
Painting on beech wood [Klein, Report 1994] [Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52]
Signature / Date:
None
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Original Inscriptions:
printed on paper and attached to the panel
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Seal [Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52]
Description:
This panel illustrates Martin Luther's doctrine of justification. A tree divides the image down the centre into two sections: sin on the left and grace on the right. The left side shows Adam and Eve with the serpent and the tree of knowledge; Adam being driven into Hell by Death and the Devil; Moses holding the tablets with the ten commandments, and accompanied by three men; and finally above the judge of the world with angels. The right side shows John the Baptist with Adam; Christ defeating Death and the Devil; the brazen serpent; the expectant Virgin; and the feet of Christ ascending into heaven. Beneath the image passages from the Bible illustrating Luther's doctrine of justification are quoted - in particular from the Letter to the Romans.
Provenance:
- 1827 auctioned from the collection of H. W. Campe, a salesman from Leipzig
- 1871 recorded in the Wartburg
- transferred to the museum before 1884

[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52]
Exhibitions:
Weimar, Wittenberg 1953, No. 36
Weimar 1972, 42, Fig. p. 76
Basel, No. 354
Berlin 1983, No. E 52.3, Fig. 359
Nürnberg 1983, under No. 474 and No. 538
Hamburg: Luther und die Folgen für die Kunst.
München 1983, under Nos.. 84 to 89
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 201546-49, 51, 5323Fig. 23, Fig. p. 46, 47 (detail)
Heydenreich 2007 B35
Schade, Schuttwolf 199421
Cat. Weimar 199252-54No. 16
Ohly 1985Fn. 52, 94-99
Exhib. Cat. Nuremberg 1983under Nos. 474, 538
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1983No. E52.3Fig. 359
Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 1983 Aunder Nos. 84-89
Wirth 19819-23
Andersson 198143ff., particularly 51Fig. 11
Christensen 1979128ff.Fig. 4, p. 114
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979114No. 221A
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974509-510No. 354
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 1972 B42Fig. p. 76
Hintzenstern 197288f.Figs. p. 91, p. 27ff.
Thulin 1955126ff.Fig. 170, p. 136
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932183a
Glaser 1923230
Cat. Weimar 1913No. 149
Cat. Weimar 1910No. 143
Cat. Weimar 189431No. 7
Lehfeldt 1894408
Cat. Weimar 188426No. 12
Schuchardt 1871199-20187
Heller 184478
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 06.10.2014
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • X-radiography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder and workshop - Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums - Allegory of Law and Grace - X-Radiographs
  • Equipment: ERESCO 42 MF 4 from the company GE.
    Scanner: CRxFlex.
    Parameters: 60 KV, 6mA, 20 seconds
    distance from object:: 3m
    [HfBK Dresden, Prof. I. Mohrmann, K. Risse, 06.10.2014]
    • created by: K. Risse
    • created by: HfBK Dresden
    • created by: I. Mohrmann
    • Date: 01.04.2010
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Lucas Cranach the Elder and workshop - Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums - Allegory of Law and Grace - Infrared Images
    • Underdrawing
    • DESCRIPTION

      Tools/Materials:
      - fluid dark grey medium, brush

      Type/Ductus:
      - freehand underdrawing, more binding for the central composition
      - thin lines

      Function:
      - binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential features within forms; no representation of volume

      Deviations:
      - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

      INTERPRETATION

      Attribution:

      - Lucas Cranach the Elder


      [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
      • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
      • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
      • Date: 30.09.1994
      • Scientific analysis
      • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
      • Support
      • The most recent annual ring 1533, earliest date of production 1535
        • analysed by: Peter Klein
        • Date: 1988
        • Technical Examination
        • Support
        • - three horizontal planks
          - there is a rebate running around all four sides of the reverse of the panel, c. 10 mm wide, 8 mm deep
        • Underdrawing
        • - the underdrawing is visible; some Pentimenti (the leaves on the tree, some of the angels wings)
        • Paint Layers and Gilding
        • - the edge of the painted surface has been retained on all four sides
          [Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52]
            Condition Reports:
            • Date: 1988
            • - the painted surface is in good condition - on the left: old, broad scratch - on the left and top, right retouches - underdrawing visble [Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52]
              History of Restoration:
              • Date: 1962
              • - among other measures: new varnish [Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 52]