Cranach - Christ taking Leave from the Apostels
Christ taking Leave from the Apostels
Lucas Cranach der Ältere (and Workshop)
Nationalmuseum, Stockholm
25.02.2020 - 22:22
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberSE_NMS_NM254
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/SE_NMS_NM254
FR (1978) No.FR368
Title:
Christ taking Leave from the Apostels[cda 2017]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach der Ältere (and Workshop)[Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 209, No. 115]
Lucas Cranach the Younger [Exhib. Cat. Stockholm 1988, 87, No. 72] 'Lucas Cranach d.J.?' [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 209, No. 115] [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 144, No. 368]
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Dating:
about 1535-1540[Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 209, No. 115]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerNationalmuseum, Stockholm
RepositoryNationalmuseum, Stockholm
LocationStockholm
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 77 x 124 cm [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 209, No. 115] slight deviation at FR 1979: 84 x 121 cm [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 144, No. 368]
Support:
Painting on beech wood [Klein Report, 06.11.1997] Wood [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 209, No. 115]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia: serpent (with dropped wings)
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
None
Description:
With the words 'Go throughout the whole world and preach the gospel to all mankind.' (Mk 16, 15) Christ sends the apostles into the world shortly before his ascension. Grief over the parting, joyful expectation and silent sincerity in the face of the imminent task: Cranach masterfully represents a wide spectrum of emotions in this close-up depiction of the apostles. The close-up representation of the figures is juxtaposed with the expansive landscape in the background, which alludes to their future mission. Two of the apostles have already left the group and give each other a parting embrace in the middle ground. At the right edge Cranach includes the Reformer Philipp Melanchthon as one of the apostles and as such positions him at the biblical foundation of the gospel proclamation. Research has not paid enough attention to this panel that underlines the legitimacy of the message of the Reformation by associating it with Christ's disciples. Lucas Cranach the Younger develops this aspect further in the Epitaph for Fürst Joachim von Anhalt (1564, Marienkirche Dessau) where he replaced not only one but all of the apostles with protagonists of the Reformation. [Görres, Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 209, No. 115]
Exhibitions:
Düsseldorf 2017, No. 115
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017209No. 115
Görres 2017 B50
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979144No. 368Fig. 368
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 2017
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach der Ältere (and Workshop) - Nationalmuseum, Stockholm - Christ taking Leave from the Apostels - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION
    An underdrawing is not readily visible, occasional fine lines are visible (e. g. on St Peter’s nose and the finger of the disciple at the far right)
    [Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2018]
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • Date: 06.11.1997
    • Scientific analysis
    • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
    • Support
    • Identification of wood species: beech
      The youngest annual ring is dated 1530. Therefore the panel can only have been created after 1533.
      [Klein Bericht, 06.11.1997]
      • analysed by: Peter Klein