Christ as the Man of Sorrows at the Column after the Flagellation

Christ as the Man of Sorrows at the Column after the Flagellation

Title

Christ as the Man of Sorrows at the Column after the Flagellation

[CDA 2011]

Painting on limewood

Medium

Painting on limewood

[Klein, Report 2013]
[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 350]

Christ is shown raised up and bound to the column at the left edge of the painting, looking at the viewer. The cords around his wrists are loose and with crossed hands he presents his wounds. St John, the Virgin and two other male figures kneel in front of the

Christ is shown raised up and bound to the column at the left edge of the painting, looking at the viewer. The cords around his wrists are loose and with crossed hands he presents his wounds. St John, the Virgin and two other male figures kneel in front of the platform. One of these is identified as St Roche by a label attached to the steps. The second younger man is also a saint as is indicated by the halo; however he has not been associated with any attributes. A comparison with other compositions by Cranach suggests that it could be St Sebastian.

[Görres, cda 2016]

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 2011]
[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 350]
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 84, No. 71]

Production date
1515

Production date

1515

[dated]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 60 x 52.3 x 1.5 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 60 x 52.3 x 1.5 cm

  • [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 350]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia top right (cartellino): '15[winged serpent with elevated wings]15'

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia top right (cartellino): '15[winged serpent with elevated wings]15'

Inscriptions and Labels
- label on the step: 'S ROCHIVS'

Inscriptions and Labels

Inscriptions, Badges:

  • - label on the step: 'S ROCHIVS'
Owner
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Repository
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Location
Dresden
CDA ID
DE_SKD_GG1906D
FR (1978) Nr.
FR071
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKD_GG1906D/

Provenance

  • entered the gallery in Dresden about 1820
    [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 352]

  • Schloss Torgau

  • 1814 Landschaftshaus, Dresden

  • entered the gallery in Dresden before 1930

  • missed after 2. World War
    [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 84, No. 71]

  • since 2001 back in Dresden
    [Emailcorrespondence J. Herrschaft and R. Enke, Jul. 2016]

Exhibitions

Dresden 1899, No. 8
Dresden 1937, 12
Basel 1974, 448
Torgau 2004, Bd. 1, No. 7
Chemnitz 2005, No. 25

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Melzer 2015 B 159
AuthorReinhard Melzer
TitleDer Cranach-Bestand des Gotischen Hauses
Publicationin Kulturstiftung Dessau-Wörlitz, ed., Cranach im Gotischen Haus in Wörlitz, Exhib. Cat. Wörlitz
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2015
Pages149-162
Krause 2013 189, 192-194, 204 7
AuthorHans-Joachim Krause
TitleCranachs Bildaustattung der Torgauer Schloßkapelle. Eine Rekonstruktion
JournalZeitschrift des deutschen Vereins für Kunstwissenschaft
Place of PublicationBerlin
IssueSonderdruck aus Band 65
Year of Publication2013
Pages177-214
Maaz 2010 48, 49
AuthorBernhard Maaz
TitleCranach in der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister Dresden
Place of PublicationBerlin, Munich
Year of Publication2010
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007 162-163 22 p. 163
EditorBodo Brinkmann
TitleCranach der Ältere, [Frankfurt, Städel Museum, 23 Nov 2007 - 17 Feb 2008]
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Schade 2007 91
AuthorWerner Schade
TitleCranachs Berührung durch die Niederlande. Antinomien einer Reisebetrachtung
Publicationin Bodo Brinkmann, ed., Cranach der Ältere, Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Pages91-97
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005 266, 342, 350-359, 362, 365, 369 25 Pl. p. 350, Fig. 158
EditorHarald Marx, Karin Kolb, Ingrid Mössinger
TitleCranach Anlässlich der Ausstellung Cranach vom 13. November 2005 bis 12. März 2006 in den Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz. Eine Ausstellung in Kooperation mit der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister der Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Kolb 2005 A 163 25
AuthorKarin Kolb
TitleCranach - Die Gemälde in Dresden und ihre Geschichte
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, eds., Cranach. Gemälde aus Dresden, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages112-173
Kolb 2005 C 533, 546, 548, 549, 551, 552, 554-556 25
AuthorKarin Kolb
TitleDokumentation zum Dresdener Cranach-Bestand
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, eds., Cranach. Gemälde aus Dresden, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages526-572
Melzer 2005 56, 57
AuthorReinhard Melzer
TitleCranach in Wörlitz. Das Gotische Haus als frühe Sammlungsstätte altdeutscher Malerei
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, ed., Cranach. Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages44-58
Schölzel 2005 189, 190 25 Figs. 95a, 95b
AuthorChristoph Schölzel
TitleZeichnungen unter der Farbschicht. Zu den Unterzeichnungen von Cranachs Gemälden in der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister und in der Rüstkammer Dresden
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, eds., Cranach. Gemälde aus Dresden, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages182-197
Exhib. Cat. Torgau 2004 No. 7
EditorHarald Marx, Eckhard Kluth, Cecilie Hollberg
TitleGlaube und Macht. Sachsen im Europa der Reformationszeit. 2. Sächsische Landesaussellung Schloss Hartenfels Torgau
Volume1-2
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication2004
Kolb 2004
AuthorKarin Kolb
TitleWiederbegegnung mit einem vorreformatorischen Andachtsbild - "Christus als Schmerzensmann an der Geißelsäule" von Lucas Cranach d.Ä.
JournalDresdener Kunstblätter
Issue48 (2004) 3
Year of Publication2004
Pages178-190
Schölzel 2004 191-197
AuthorChristoph Schölzel
Title"Christus als Schmerzensmann an der Geißelsäule" von Lucas Cranach d. Ä. - Restaurierung und maltechnische Beobachtungen
JournalDresdener Kunstblätter
Issue48 (2004) 3
Year of Publication2004
Pages191-197
Schlegel 2003 15
AuthorArmgard Schlegel
TitleTechnologische Untersuchungen an Holzbildträgern von Gemälden der Cranachwerkstatt in den Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Place of PublicationDresden
IssueSeminararbeit der Hochschule für Bildende Künste Dresden
Year of Publication2003
Schade, Schuttwolf 1994 18
AuthorWerner Schade, Allmuth Schuttwolf
TitleMalerei und Plastik
Publicationin Allmuth Schuttwolf, ed., Gotteswort und Menschenbild. Werke von Cranach und seinen Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Gotha
Place of PublicationGotha
Year of Publication1994
Pages15-94
Cat. Weimar 1992 20, 22
AuthorHelga Hoffmann
EditorKunstsammlungen zu Weimar
TitleKunstsammlungen zu Weimar. Die deutschen Gemälde des XVI. Jahrhunderts
Place of PublicationFulda
Year of Publication1992
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 84 No. 71 Fig. 71
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 448
AuthorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522
Schade 1974 68
AuthorWerner Schade
TitleDie Malerfamilie Cranach
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1974
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schade1974
Bernhard, Rogner 1965 93
AuthorMarianne Bernhard, Klaus P. Rogner
TitleVerlorene Werke der Malerei. In Deutschland in der Zeit von 1939 bis 1945 zerstörte und verschollene Gemälde
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1965
Ebert 1963 86
AuthorHans Ebert
TitleÜber die Rückgewinnung zeitweilig verschollener Werke der Dresdener Gemäldegalerie
JournalJahrbuch der Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Issue4 (1963/1964)
Year of Publication1963
Pages25-44
Lüdecke 1953 B 50
AuthorHeinz Lüdecke
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere. Der Künstler und seine Zeit
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1953
Posse 1943 22, 56
AuthorHans Posse
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä.
Place of PublicationVienna
IssueSecond edition
Year of Publication1943
Posse 1942 22, 56
AuthorHans Posse
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä.
Place of PublicationVienna
Year of Publication1942
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1937 12
Authorn. a.
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere und der Jüngere. Ausstellung von Werken aus dem Besitze der Staatlichen Gemäldegalerie und dem Staatlichen Kupferstichkabinet
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1937
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 63
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Cat. Dresden 1930 A 51
AuthorHans Posse
TitleDie Staatliche Gemäldegalerie zu Dresden. Herausgegeben im Auftrage des Ministeriums für Volksbildung. Katalog der alten Meister. Kleine Ausgabe
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1930
Glaser 1923 224
AuthorCurt Glaser
TitleLukas Cranach
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1923
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/glaser1923
Heyck 1908 70
AuthorEduard Heyck
TitleLukas Cranach
SeriesKünstlermonographien
Volume95
Place of PublicationBielefeld
Year of Publication1908
Link https://archive.org/details/lukascranach01heycgoog
Flechsig 1900 A 12, 89, 252
AuthorEduard Flechsig
TitleCranachstudien
Volume1
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1900
Link page/n5/mode/2up
Flechsig 1900 B No. 23
AuthorEduard Flechsig
TitleTafelbilder Lucas Cranachs d. Ä. und seiner Werkstatt
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1900
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/flechsig1900tafeln
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1899 No. 8
EditorKarl Woermann
TitleDeutsche Kunstausstellung Dresden 1899. Abteilung Cranach-Ausstellung. Wissenschaftliches Verzeichnis der ausgestellten Werke
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1899
Link http://resolver.staatsbibliothek-berlin.de/SBB00002A2400000000
Cat. Dresden 1896 622
AuthorKarl Woermann
TitleKatalog der Königlichen Gemäldegalerie zu Dresden. Grosse Ausgabe
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1896
Link https://archive.org/details/katalogderknigli1896geml/page/n3/mode/2up
Seidlitz 1893 377
AuthorWoldemar von Seidlitz
TitleZu den echten Bildern des älteren Cranach
JournalRepertorium für Kunstwissenschaft
Issue16
Year of Publication1893
Pages377-378
Lindau 1883 105
AuthorMartin Bernhard Lindau
TitleLucas Cranach. Ein Lebensbild aus dem Zeitalter der Reformation
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1883
Schäfer 1864 242
AuthorWilhelm Schäfer
TitleFührer in der Königlichen Gemälde-Gallerie zu Dresden. Erläuterungen und Andeutungen zum Verständnisse sowie zur Würdigung sämmtlicher Gemälde der Galerie. nach der Ordnung der Räume nebst Register der laufenden Nummern
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1864
Cat. Dresden 1862 No. 1742
AuthorJulius Hübner
TitleVerzeichniss der Königlichen Gemälde-Gallerie zu Dresden. Mit einer historischen Einleitung. Notizen über die Erwerbung und Angaben der Bezeichnung der einzelnen Bilder
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1862
  • Christ as the Man of Sorrows at the Column after the Flagellation, 1515

Images

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Technical studies

08.04.2013Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology

Support

Identification of wood species: limewood

  • analysed by Peter Klein

16.08.2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

see also: Schölzel 2005

Drawing material/Tools:

- fluid (brush?)

Drawing technique:

- detailed underdrawing; the entire composition is visible

[Krüger, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 2012]

  • photographed by Konstanze Krüger

2005Technical examination / Scientific analysis

Framing

- new frame: profiled frame in the style of the German Renaissance, 21st century

[Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 350]

2005Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography

Underdrawing

The perspectival lines, the contours and the main features within the forms were executed with a brush, this underdrawing was not binding for the subsequent painted version, masterly drawing technique without corrections and cross-hatching, deviations are particularly visible in the head of Christ, which was originally inclined to the right and in his left foot

[Schölzel 2004, 195-196][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 189-190, 350]

18.02.2004Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • X-radiography
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2004Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • analysis
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Support

Ground and Imprimatura

Underdrawing

Paint Layers and Gilding

2003 - 2004Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • other
  • reverse
  • reverse
  • reverse

Support

- limewood

- 1.5 cm thick

- original surface on the reverse

- four vertical boards

- heartwood of the first and third boards faces the front

- prominent annual rings in the fourth board

- second join reinforced with tow

- rebate along the top edge

- plane marks

- saw marks on the top and bottom edges

[Schlegel 2003, 15][1]

[Schölzel 2004, 194-195], see:see: [DE_SKD_GG1906D_FR071_2004_Document-001.tif], [DE_SKD_GG1906D_FR071_2004_Document-002.tif], [DE_SKD_GG1906D_FR071_2004_Document-003.tif],[DE_SKD_GG1906D_FR071_2004_Document-004.tif]

[1][Schlegel, Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 350]

Condition Reports

Date2003 - 2004

Support:

  • horizontal batten (pine)

  • central join reinforced with paper and an alder wood batten

  • areas around the joins planed (lighter)

  • first and third joins have been reglued and reinforced with lime wood blocks

  • mark from nails employed to fix the panel in a frame

  • minimum woodworm damage (open channels)

Painted surface:

  • paint loss in the top area of the joins, on the shoulder and upper arm of Christ, on the right and bottom edges of the painting

  • abrasion of the paint, particularly on the podium with the tile pattern

  • old overpaint on the marbled rear wall

[Schlegel 2003, 15][1]

[Schölzel 2004, 191-194]

[1][Schlegel, Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 350]

Conservation History

Date2004

  • analysis
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  • conservation

[GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Restaurierungsprotokoll][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 350]

see: [DE_SKD_GG1906D_FR071_2004_Document-001.tif], [DE_SKD_GG1906D_FR071_2004_Document-002.tif], [DE_SKD_GG1906D_FR071_2004_Document-003.tif],[DE_SKD_GG1906D_FR071_2004_Document-004.tif]

Date1915

[Sächs, HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8, Bd. 14, Bl. 108][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 350]

Date1898

[Sächs, HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8, Bd. 6, Bl. 137, 140, 155][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 350]

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Christ as the Man of Sorrows at the Column after the Flagellation', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKD_GG1906D/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Christ as the Man of Sorrows at the Column after the Flagellation', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKD_GG1906D/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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