Saint Catherine

Saint Catherine

Title

Saint Catherine

[CDA 2011]

Painting on limewood

Medium

Painting on limewood

[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

The saint is depicted as a full-length figure in a sumptuous green dress against a blue sky and her attributes of the sword and wheel of martyrdom are prominently shown. Despite her disproportionately long lower body and the unstable manner in which she bows her torso the figure radiates a

The saint is depicted as a full-length figure in a sumptuous green dress against a blue sky and her attributes of the sword and wheel of martyrdom are prominently shown. Despite her disproportionately long lower body and the unstable manner in which she bows her torso the figure radiates a calm elegance.

[Görres, cda 2016]

Attributions
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Follower of Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attributions

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 2011]
[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]
[Woermann, Cat. Dresden 1896, 622, 623][1]
[Woermann, Cat. Dresden 1887][1]

'Lucas Cranach'
[Demiani, Cat. Dresden 1817-1822][1]

[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

Follower of Lucas Cranach the Elder

'Schule Cranachs'
[Matthäi, Cat. Dresden 1843][1]
[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

Unknown

'Unbekannt'
[Matthäi, Cat. Dresden 1835][1]
[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

Lucas van Leyden

'Lucas van Leyden'
[Riedel, Wenzel, Cat. Dresden 1765][1]
[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

Production date
about 1516

Production date

about 1516

[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 139 x 46 x 1 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 139 x 46 x 1 cm

  • [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

Signature / Dating
None
Inscriptions and Labels
Reverse of the panel: ; Sammlungsnachweis Pillnitz (repeatedly): 'Inv. 13.'; ; in white chalk: '80, 28 , (10) 56, 454 '; …

Inscriptions and Labels

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse of the panel: [Gal.-Nr., repeatedly]; Sammlungsnachweis Pillnitz (repeatedly): 'Inv. 13.'; [Sammlungsnachweis Dresden, repeatedly]; in white chalk: '80, 28 [?], (10) [?]56, 454 [?]'; on a label: '76'
  • [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]
Owner
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Repository
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Location
Dresden
CDA ID
DE_SKD_GG1906E
FR (1978) Nr.
FR084
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKD_GG1906E/

Provenance

  • 1722-28 inventory
    [Sächs, HStADD 13458 SKD, Inventar Nr. 365][1]

  • recorded in the first printed catalogue from 1765
    [Riedel, Wenzel, Cat. Dresden 1765][1]

[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 390]

Exhibitions

Dresden 1899, No. 129, 130
Weimar, Wittenberg 1953, No. 13
Zürich 1971, No. 12, 13
Weimar 1972, No. 13
Bukarest 1973, No. 84
Essen 1986, No. 502, 503
Chemnitz 2005, No. 30.1

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Exhib. Cat. Prague 2016 91, 92
EditorOlga Kotková
TitleCranach. Ze všech stran. From all sides.
Place of PublicationPrague
Year of Publication2016
Pages16-180
Maaz 2010 28-29
AuthorBernhard Maaz
TitleCranach in der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister Dresden
Place of PublicationBerlin, Munich
Year of Publication2010
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005 388, 390-393 30.1 Pl. p. 388
EditorHarald Marx, Karin Kolb, Ingrid Mössinger
TitleCranach Anlässlich der Ausstellung Cranach vom 13. November 2005 bis 12. März 2006 in den Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz. Eine Ausstellung in Kooperation mit der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister der Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005 56, 60, 94, 122 (english version 25, 27, 38, 46) under nos. 6, 7, 19, 33
EditorObrazárna Pražského hradu, Kaliopi Chamonikola
TitlePod znamením okrídleného hada. Lucas Cranach a ceské zeme. Under the winged Serpent. Lucas Cranach and the Czech Land
Place of PublicationPrague
Year of Publication2005
Kolb 2005 C 533, 540-545, 547, 549, 551, 554, 555, 556 30.1
AuthorKarin Kolb
TitleDokumentation zum Dresdener Cranach-Bestand
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, eds., Cranach. Gemälde aus Dresden, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages526-572
Schölzel 2005 191 30.1
AuthorChristoph Schölzel
TitleZeichnungen unter der Farbschicht. Zu den Unterzeichnungen von Cranachs Gemälden in der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister und in der Rüstkammer Dresden
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, eds., Cranach. Gemälde aus Dresden, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages182-197
Schlegel 2003 18
AuthorArmgard Schlegel
TitleTechnologische Untersuchungen an Holzbildträgern von Gemälden der Cranachwerkstatt in den Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Place of PublicationDresden
IssueSeminararbeit der Hochschule für Bildende Künste Dresden
Year of Publication2003
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1989 No. 84
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationStuttgart
IssueReprint
Year of Publication1989
Exhib. Cat. Essen 1986 Nos. 502, 503
Authorn. a.
TitleBaroche in Dresden. Kunst und Kunstsammlungen unter der Regierung des Kurfürsten Friedrich August von Sachsen und König August II. von Polen genannt August der Starke 1694-1733 und des Kurfürsten Friedrich August III. von Sachsen...
Place of PublicationEssen
Year of Publication1986
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 86 No. 84 Fig. 84
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Bucarest 1973 B No. 84
EditorWerner Schade, Hans-Joachim Gronau
TitleLucas Cranach cel Batrîn (1472-1553) Lucas Cranach cel Tînar (1515-1586) Jocob Lucius cel Batrîn (1530-1597) ranach cel Tînar (1515-1586) Jocob Lucius cel Batrîn (1530-1597)
Year of Publication1973
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 1972 B No. 13
EditorSchlossmuseum Weimar
TitleLucas Cranach 1472-1553. Ein großer Maler in bewegter Zeit
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1972
Exhib. Cat. Zurich 1971 A Nos. 12, 13
Authorn. a.
TitleKunstschätze aus Dresden
Place of PublicationZurich
Year of Publication1971
Exhib. Cat. Weimar, Wittenberg 1953 No. 13
AuthorWalther Scheidig
EditorDeutsche Lucas Cranach Komitee
TitleLucas Cranach Ausstellung. Weimar und Wittenberg
Place of PublicationWeimar, Wittenberg
Year of Publication1953
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 77
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Heyck 1927 85 Fig. 36
AuthorEduard Heyck
TitleLucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBielefeld
Year of Publication1927
Glaser 1923 106, 225
AuthorCurt Glaser
TitleLukas Cranach
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1923
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/glaser1923
Heyck 1908 69
AuthorEduard Heyck
TitleLukas Cranach
SeriesKünstlermonographien
Volume95
Place of PublicationBielefeld
Year of Publication1908
Link https://archive.org/details/lukascranach01heycgoog
Flechsig 1900 A 95, 101
AuthorEduard Flechsig
TitleCranachstudien
Volume1
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1900
Link page/n5/mode/2up
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1899 Nos. 129, 130
EditorKarl Woermann
TitleDeutsche Kunstausstellung Dresden 1899. Abteilung Cranach-Ausstellung. Wissenschaftliches Verzeichnis der ausgestellten Werke
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1899
Link http://resolver.staatsbibliothek-berlin.de/SBB00002A2400000000
Cat. Dresden 1896 Nos. 622, 623
AuthorKarl Woermann
TitleKatalog der Königlichen Gemäldegalerie zu Dresden. Grosse Ausgabe
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1896
Link https://archive.org/details/katalogderknigli1896geml/page/n3/mode/2up
Cat. Dresden 1887 No. 1937
AuthorKarl Woermann
TitleKatalog der Königlichen Gemäldegalerie zu Dresden. Grosse Ausgabe
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1887
Link https://digital.slub-dresden.de/werkansicht/dlf/89861/5
Schäfer 1860 Nos. 1008, 1009
AuthorWilhelm Schäfer
TitleDie Königliche Gemälde-Gallerie im Neuen Museum zu Dresden. Beschreibung und Erläuterung sämmtlicher Gemälde nach der Ordnung der Räume begleitet von kunsgeschichtlichen und kritischen Erinnerungen
Volume1 - 3
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1860
Waagen 1858 Nos. 1669, 1670
AuthorGustav Friedrich Waagen
TitleEinige Bemerkungen über die neue Aufstellung, Beleuchtung und Catalogisierung der Königlichen Gemäldegallerie zu Dresden
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1858
Heller 1854 61
AuthorJoseph Heller
TitleLucas Cranach's Leben und Werke
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication1854
Link http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015062799757
Cat. Dresden 1843
AuthorFriedrich Matthäi
TitleVerzeichniss der Königlichen Gemälde-Galerie zu Dresden
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1843
Cat. Dresden 1835
AuthorFriedrich Matthäi
TitleVerzeichniss der Königlich Sächsischen Gemälde-Galerie zu Dresden. Erste Hauptabteilung. Die Gemälde der äusseren Galerie; Zweite Hauptabteilung. Die Gemälde der inneren Galerie, der Abteilung H. der äusseren galerie, und des Pastellcabinets
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1835
Cat. Dresden 1817
AuthorKarl Friedrich Demiani
TitleNeues Sach- und Ortsverzeichniss der Königlich Sächsischen Gemälde-Gallerie zu Dresden
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1817
Link https://digital.slub-dresden.de/werkansicht/dlf/93284/7
Cat. Dresden 1765
AuthorJohann Anton Riedel, Christian Friedrich Wenzel
TitleCatalogue des tableaux de la Galerie electorale à Dresde
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1765
Link https://www.digitale-sammlungen.de/de/view/bsb11711809?page=6,7
  • Saint Catherine, about 1516

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • reverse
  • irr
  • x_radiograph
  • x_radiograph
  • other

Technical studies

19.09.2012Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

Results

Drawing material:

- fluid (brush)

- dry material?

Technique:

- The underdrawing is clearly visible: lines indicate details of the face, hair and headdress or the scales on the bonnet, as well as the necklace and the neck line of the dress [1]

- the position of the hands has been corrected: alterations on the thumb of the right hand and the index finger of the left hand

- the folds at the bottom of the dress, the sword or the point of the sword and single stones on the ground

[1] [Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

[Böhme, Schölzel, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 2012]

  • photographed by Alexandra Böhme
  • photographed by Christoph Schölzel

2005Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography

Underdrawing

The brush drawing is limited to the contours, there are scant lines within the face to indicate the eyes and mouths with a dry material, partially very rough and not binding for the forms and details finally executed in paint, eg. the scales on the bonnet, the necklace and the neck line of the dress, the handle of the sword, the hand on the wheel and the folds at the bottom of the dress

Framing

- new frame: gilded Dresden Gallery frame, mid 18th century

[Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

2003Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • other
  • reverse

Support

- limewood

- boards 1 cm thick

- original surface on the reverse

- four vertical boards

- knots in the right hand board

- the heartwood alternates between reverse and front of the panel

- marks from a plane

- there is a black boarder around the edge, which is missing on the left (the left edge is not cropped)

[Schlegel 2003, 18][1]

[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

  • X-radiography
  • x_radiograph
  • x_radiograph

Condition Reports

Date2005

Support:

  • loss on the right side

  • marks from a saw along the top and bottom edges of the panel

  • the joins and splits have been reinforced with wooden blocks along the bottom edge

  • there is a piece of canvas over a fill on the left edge

  • marks from nails employed to fix the panel in its frame

  • minimal amount of woodworm damage

  • the panel exhibits a convex warp on the painted side (1 cm)

Painted surface:

  • isolated retouches

  • the bottom left corner has been reconstructed

  • old, very yellowed varnish

[Schlegel, Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

Conservation History

Date2005

  • note about conservation treatment attached to the reverse of the panel

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

Date1977

[GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Meldung][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

see also pdf

Date1970

[GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Meldung][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

see also pdf

Date1968

[GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Meldung][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

see also pdf

Date1967

[GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Meldung][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

see also pdf

Date1958

[GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Restaurierungsprotokoll][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

see also pdf

Date1898

[Sächs, HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8, Bd. 6, Bl. 138, 140, 155][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

Date1868

[Sächs, HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8, Bd. 3, Bl. 170][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

Date1838

[GGAM, Matthäi 1835, with handwritten annotation, 36][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 388]

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Saint Catherine', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKD_GG1906E/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Saint Catherine', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKD_GG1906E/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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