The Holy Trinity

The Holy Trinity

Title

The Holy Trinity

[CDA 2011]

Painting on limewood

Medium

Painting on limewood

[Klein, Report 2013]
[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 366]

The semicircular format shows God the Father encircled by a band of clouds surrounded by angels. In his left hand he holds a glass sphere upon which the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove has alighted. Christ on the cross projects diagonally into the pictorial space and is

The semicircular format shows God the Father encircled by a band of clouds surrounded by angels. In his left hand he holds a glass sphere upon which the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove has alighted. Christ on the cross projects diagonally into the pictorial space and is supported by God the Father's right hand.

[Görres, cda 2016]

Attributions
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attributions

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 366]
[Posse [1930]][1]
[Woermann 1896, 622][2]
[Woermann 1887, 609][2]
[Schäfer 1864, 242][2]

[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 369]
[2][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 369, 370]

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Ernst Buchner, Gutachten, Gal. No. 1932 C, 5.09.1953][1]
[Hübner 1862, No. 1742][1]
[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 369, 370]

Copy after Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 90, No. 98C]

Production date
about 1516 - 1518

Production date

about 1516 - 1518

[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 366]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 36 x 77.2 x 1 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 36 x 77.2 x 1 cm

  • [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 366]

Signature / Dating
None
Inscriptions and Labels
Reverse of the panel:

Inscriptions and Labels

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse of the panel: [Gal.-Nr.]
  • [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 366]
Owner
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Repository
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Location
Dresden
CDA ID
DE_SKD_GG1932C
FR (1978) Nr.
FR098C
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKD_GG1932C/

Provenance

  • [the painting] presumably entered the gallery in 1820 or shortly after
  • registered missing on the 13.03.1945
  • 1997 returned to Dresden
    [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 368]

Exhibitions

Dresden 1937, 16
Kronach, Leipzig 1994, 159.163
Dresden 1998, 154
Dresden 2001, 27, 28
Chemnitz 2005, No. 27

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018 86, fn. 7 under no. 14
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Maaz 2010 16, 17
AuthorBernhard Maaz
TitleCranach in der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister Dresden
Place of PublicationBerlin, Munich
Year of Publication2010
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005 266, 366-371, 376 27 Pl. p. 367, Fig. 168
EditorHarald Marx, Karin Kolb, Ingrid Mössinger
TitleCranach Anlässlich der Ausstellung Cranach vom 13. November 2005 bis 12. März 2006 in den Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz. Eine Ausstellung in Kooperation mit der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister der Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Kolb 2005 C 533, 548, 550 554, 556, 572 27
AuthorKarin Kolb
TitleDokumentation zum Dresdener Cranach-Bestand
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, eds., Cranach. Gemälde aus Dresden, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages526-572
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 2001 27, 28
Authorn. a.
TitleFreunde schenken Kunst [ Dresden, Albertinum]
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication2001
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1998 154
EditorHarald Marx, Jutta Charlotte von Bloh
TitleZurück in Dresden. Eine Ausstellung ehemals vermißter Werke aus Dresdener Museen. Skulpturensammlung, Rüstkammer, Kupferstich-Kabinett, Gemäldegalerie Alte und Neue Meister, Kunstgewerbemuseum, Porzellansammlung
Place of PublicationEurasberg
Year of Publication1998
Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994 159, 163
EditorClaus Grimm, Johannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhoff
TitleLucas Cranach. Ein Maler-Unternehmer aus Franken [Festung Rosenberg, Kronach 17.05 - 21.08.1994; Museum der Bildenden Künste, Leipzig 07.09 - 06.11.1994]
SeriesVeröffentlichungen zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur
Volume26
Place of PublicationAugsburg, Coburg
Year of Publication1994
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 90 No. 98C
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Bernhard, Rogner 1965 93
AuthorMarianne Bernhard, Klaus P. Rogner
TitleVerlorene Werke der Malerei. In Deutschland in der Zeit von 1939 bis 1945 zerstörte und verschollene Gemälde
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1965
Ebert 1963 86
AuthorHans Ebert
TitleÜber die Rückgewinnung zeitweilig verschollener Werke der Dresdener Gemäldegalerie
JournalJahrbuch der Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Issue4 (1963/1964)
Year of Publication1963
Pages25-44
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1937 16
Authorn. a.
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere und der Jüngere. Ausstellung von Werken aus dem Besitze der Staatlichen Gemäldegalerie und dem Staatlichen Kupferstichkabinet
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1937
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 under No. 87
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Cat. Dresden 1930 A 54
AuthorHans Posse
TitleDie Staatliche Gemäldegalerie zu Dresden. Herausgegeben im Auftrage des Ministeriums für Volksbildung. Katalog der alten Meister. Kleine Ausgabe
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1930
Cat. Dresden 1896 622
AuthorKarl Woermann
TitleKatalog der Königlichen Gemäldegalerie zu Dresden. Grosse Ausgabe
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1896
Link https://archive.org/details/katalogderknigli1896geml/page/n3/mode/2up
Seidlitz 1893 377
AuthorWoldemar von Seidlitz
TitleZu den echten Bildern des älteren Cranach
JournalRepertorium für Kunstwissenschaft
Issue16
Year of Publication1893
Pages377-378
Cat. Dresden 1887 609
AuthorKarl Woermann
TitleKatalog der Königlichen Gemäldegalerie zu Dresden. Grosse Ausgabe
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1887
Link https://digital.slub-dresden.de/werkansicht/dlf/89861/5
Lindau 1883 105
AuthorMartin Bernhard Lindau
TitleLucas Cranach. Ein Lebensbild aus dem Zeitalter der Reformation
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1883
Schäfer 1864 242
AuthorWilhelm Schäfer
TitleFührer in der Königlichen Gemälde-Gallerie zu Dresden. Erläuterungen und Andeutungen zum Verständnisse sowie zur Würdigung sämmtlicher Gemälde der Galerie. nach der Ordnung der Räume nebst Register der laufenden Nummern
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1864
Cat. Dresden 1862 No. 1742
AuthorJulius Hübner
TitleVerzeichniss der Königlichen Gemälde-Gallerie zu Dresden. Mit einer historischen Einleitung. Notizen über die Erwerbung und Angaben der Bezeichnung der einzelnen Bilder
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1862
Schuchardt 1851 C 53
AuthorChristian Schuchardt
TitleLucas Cranach des Aeltern Leben und Werke. Zweiter Theil
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1851
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schuchardt1851bd2
  • The Holy Trinity, about 1516 - 1518

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • overall
  • overall
  • reverse
  • irr
  • irr
  • other
  • other
  • other

Technical studies

08.04.2013Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology

Support

Identification of wood species: limewood

  • analysed by Peter Klein

26.10.2012Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr
  • irr

Underdrawing

Results

Drawing material:

- fluid (brush)

Technique:

- Detailed underdrawing executed with a brush, linear search for the outlines of shapes, the interior forms of the central group are indicated with hooks and crescents; corrections to the drawing and deviations from the painted version are particularly visible in the heads and wings of the angels, on God’s sash and the wings of the Holy Ghost. [1]

- further underdrawing: God the Father's globe, Christ's cross, God the Father's coat particularly along the bottom, Christ's loincloth, the outlines of the dove representing the Holy Spirit, the heads and wings of the putti - sometimes with different wing positions-, indication of clouds with broad brushstrokes, sketchy line in the sky on the right

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 366]

[Böhme, Schölzel, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 2012]

  • photographed by Christoph Schölzel
  • photographed by Alexandra Böhme

2005Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography

Underdrawing

Detailed underdrawing executed with a brush, linear search for the outlines of shapes, the interior forms of the central group are indicated with hooks and crescents; corrections to the drawing and deviations from the painted version are particularly visible in the heads and wings of the angels, on God’s sash and the wings of the Holy ghost.

Framing

- no frame

[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 366]

2003Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • other
  • other
  • reverse

Support

- 1 cm thick

- the original surface on the reverse

- rounded top

- two boards, horizontal grain

- the heartwood is on the reverse

- marks from a block plane

[Schlegel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 366]

Condition Reports

Date2005

Support:

  • horizontal bar (pine wood)

  • bottom, centre: notch

  • marks from nails employed to fix the panel in a frame

Painted surface:

  • minimal woodworm damage (exit holes in the top plank)

  • retouching particularly in the region of the sky

  • numerous small paint losses and abrasion of the paint along the edges of the craquelée

-the spandrels on either side with exposed ground exhibit extensive retouching

  • thin varnish

[Schlegel, Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 366]

Conservation History

Date1998

[GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Restaurierungsprotokoll][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 366]

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'The Holy Trinity', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKD_GG1932C/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'The Holy Trinity', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKD_GG1932C/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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