Johann Friedrich I, the Magnanimous, Elector of Saxony

Johann Friedrich I, the Magnanimous, Elector of Saxony

Title

Johann Friedrich I, the Magnanimous, Elector of Saxony

[CDA 2010]

Painting on beech wood

Medium

Painting on beech wood

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 142]
[Klein report, 03.03.2016]
[Maedebach, Exhib. Cat. Coburg 1972, No. 22]

Part of a double portrait

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder and workshop

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder and workshop

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 142]

Production date
about 1536

Production date

about 1536

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 142]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 20.8 x 14.4 x 0.9 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 20.8 x 14.4 x 0.9 cm

  • [Cat. Coburg 2018, 142]

  • Dimensions of support: 20,6 x 14,4 cm

  • [Maedebach, Exhib. Cat. Coburg 1972, no. 22]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia on the left edge above the sitter's shoulder: winged serpent with elevated wings. In brown and yellow paint

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia on the left edge above the sitter's shoulder: winged serpent with elevated wings. In brown and yellow paint

  • [cda 2010]

Inscriptions and Labels
An 'S' has been incorporated into the circles of the repeat pattern on the lace collar Reverse: - adhesive label HKA …

Inscriptions and Labels

Inscriptions, Badges:

  • An 'S' has been incorporated into the circles of the repeat pattern on the lace collar
  • [Maedebach, Exhib. Cat. Coburg 1972, No. 22]

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse: - adhesive label HKA (scratched off)
  • - handwritten inscription and adhesive label KVC
  • [Cat. Coburg 2018, 142]
Owner
Veste Coburg Kunstsammlungen
Repository
Veste Coburg Kunstsammlungen
Location
Coburg
CDA ID
DE_KSVC_M021
FR (1978) Nr.
FR-none
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSVC_M021/

Provenance

  • Gotha, Art Cabinet, Friedenstein castle, Picture Gallery
  • 1856 Ducal Art and Antiquities Collection, Coburg (Herzogliche Kunst- und Altertümersammlung der Veste Coburg (HKA))
  • 1919 Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg (KVC)
    [Cat. Coburg 2018, 142]

Exhibitions

Coburg 1972, no. 22

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018 36, 142-144, 146-147 25 Pl. p. 144
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Weschenfelder 2018 A 14, 18
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg.
Publicationin Klaus Weschenfelder, ed., Cranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Pages7-23
Horký 2015 112, Fn. 63
AuthorMila Horký
TitleVon Schlangen mit 'gesenkten', 'liegenden' und 'aufstehenden' Flügeln. Eine Sichtung der Forschung zu den Signets der Malerfamilie Cranach mit Ausblick
Publicationin Elke E. Werner, Anne Eusterschulte, Gunnar Heydenreich, eds., Lucas Cranach der Jüngere und die Reformation der Bilder
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2015
Pages106-115
Braunfels, Eissenhauer 1996 7 Fig. p. 7
EditorVeronika Braunfels, Michael Eissenhauer
TitleMit Luther durch die Kunstsammlungen. Ein Führer zu den Luther-Zeugnissen in den Sammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationSchweinfurt
Year of Publication1996
Exhib. Cat. Coburg 1972 No. 22
EditorHeino Maedebach
TitleGraphik aus dem Kupferstichkabinett der Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg. Beiheft: Lucas Cranach d. Ae. und seine Werkstatt: Gemälde
Place of PublicationCoburg
Year of Publication1972
  • Johann Friedrich I, the Magnanimous, Elector of Saxony, about 1536

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail

Technical studies

2018Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Dendrochronology / identification of wood species

Support

- beech wood

- all four edges are chamfered on the reverse, width of chamfer c. 1.6 cm

- the reverse exhibits an almost opaque black coating

- Dendrochronology: the following measurement were recorded for the single beech wood panel: 87 annual rings, 1519-1433. The panel is from the same tree as planks used for the following paintings:

DE_smbGG_589 (I,II,III); DE_KSVC_M416 (III); DE_BStGS_WAF167 (I, II, III); DE_KBSB_B60; DE_KBSB_B59; DE_SKK_0109; DE_SMG_SG17; DE_LmKKO_15-572 (I, III); DE_HLMD_GK73a; US_IMA_2000-344; DE_smbGG_564 (I, II, III); FIN_FNG_S-1994-224; F_MdLP_1180; DE_KSW_G6; US_PMA_739 (II); DE_SWK_6545; AT_KHM_GG883; DE_BStGS_6262 (II, IV); DE_BStGS_6264 (II, IV); US_artic_1938-310 (III); Martin Luther, Privatbesitz (I, II, III)

The youngest annual ring is from the year 1524. Generally with beech wood the entire section is used and only the bark is removed, therefore a felling date of 1524 can be estimated. The wood was then seasoned for at least two years and could have been used after 1526. (Klein 2016).

Ground and Imprimatura

- chalk ground

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 142]

03.03.2016Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Dendrochronology / identification of wood species

Support

Identification of wood species: beech wood

Dendrochronology: plank III 44 annual 1520 -1477

The youngest annual ring is from 1524 (see the meaasurements of other panels from the same tree).

[Klein report, 03.03.2016]

  • analysed by Peter Klein

Condition Reports

Date2018

Support:

  • some old woodworm damage (inactive)

Paint layers:

  • various tiny point retouches

Varnish:

  • numerous applications of a glossy resin varnish. The painting was varnished while fixed in its frame. This caused a distinct difference in colour from green (edge) to a bluish hue (varnished surface), which was promoted by the fact that the edges were concealed behind the rebate of the frame.

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 142]

Conservation History

Date1985

Conservation treatment (in the studios of the Doerner-Institute/Bavarian State Collections (Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen), Munich)

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 142]

  • conservation treatment by Klaus Büchel

Date1961

Conservation treatment

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 142]

  • conservation treatment by Richard Harzenetter

Support made from the same tree

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Johann Friedrich I, the Magnanimous, Elector of Saxony', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSVC_M021/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Johann Friedrich I, the Magnanimous, Elector of Saxony', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSVC_M021/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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