The Crucifixion

The Crucifixion

Title

The Crucifixion

[Indianapolis Museum of Art, revised 2012]

Painting on beech wood

Medium

Painting on beech wood

[Klein, Report 1999]

Wood

[Indianapolis Museum of Art, revised 2012]

Cranach's Crucifixion should be seen in light of Luther's ideas. The emphasis upon the recognition of Christ's sacrifice by witnesses to his death on the Cross is a clear reference to one of the central tenets of Lutheran theology: that sinful mankind can be reconciled to God only by faith

Cranach's Crucifixion should be seen in light of Luther's ideas. The emphasis upon the recognition of Christ's sacrifice by witnesses to his death on the Cross is a clear reference to one of the central tenets of Lutheran theology: that sinful mankind can be reconciled to God only by faith in the atoning sacrifice of Christ. The scene is crowded with figures that are symbolically arrayed at the right and left hand of Christ. To his right, the Virgin collapses into the arms of John the Evangelist, while the grieving Magdalene embraces the Cross. The Good Thief and Longinus, the Roman spear bearer who converted at Christ's death, gaze directly at him. They are contrasted with the brutish soldiers on his left, who ignore him and cast lots for his garments at the foot of the Cross. Cranach positioned the contemporary figures of a monk, a cardinal, and a Turk behind the Cross, among the unenlightened.

[Indianapolis Museum of Art, revised 2012]

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Indianapolis Museum of Art, revised 2012]

Production date
1532

Production date

1532

[dated]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 30 x 21 1/2 inch

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 30 x 21 1/2 inch

  • [Indianapolis Museum of Art, revised 2012]

  • Dimensions of support: 76 x 54.5 cm

  • [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 218]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia at the bottom left: winged serpent and dated '1532'

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia at the bottom left: winged serpent and dated '1532'

  • [cda 2012]

Owner
Indianapolis Museum of Art, The Clowes Collection
Repository
Indianapolis Museum of Art
Location
Indianapolis
CDA ID
US_IMA_2000-344
FR (1978) Nr.
FR218
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/US_IMA_2000-344/

Provenance

  • Dassel, near Einbeck, Hannover, collection of Dr. Harwig
  • Schleswig-Holstein, collection of Heinrich Ranzan von Plön (1596)
  • Bad Kreuzenstein (Austria), collection of count Wilczek
  • Vienna, art market, 1934

[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 218]

Exhibitions

Indianapolis 1959, No. 20

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018 36, 142 under no. 2
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 218 (fig. 218 shows incorrect version)
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Cat. Indianapolis 1973 176
Authorn. a.
TitleIndianapolis Museum of Art, Clowes Fund Collection of Old Master Paintings
Place of PublicationIndianapolis
Year of Publication1973
Exhib. Cat. Indianapolis 1959 No. 20
Authorn. a.
TitlePaintings from the collection of George Henry Alexander Clowes. A memorial exhibition, [Indianapolis, John Herron Art Museum, 3. October - 1. November]
Place of PublicationIndianapolis
Year of Publication1959
  • The Crucifixion, 1532

Images

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Technical studies

24.07.2002Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • Infrared reflectography

Support

- Beech; youngest annual ring dates from 1524 (see pdf for context)

Underdrawing

- no underdrawing detected (see pdf for context)

  • written by Gunnar Heydenreich

25.06.1999Scientific analysis

  • Dendrochronology / identification of wood species

Support

Identification of wood species: beech wood

Plank I: 54 annual rings, 1468 - 1415; plank II: 122 annual rings, 1523 - 1402; plank III: 105 annual rings, 1519 - 1415

Youngest annual ring: 1523

[Klein report, 25.06.2019]

  • analysed by Peter Klein

Support made from the same tree

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'The Crucifixion', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/US_IMA_2000-344/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'The Crucifixion', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/US_IMA_2000-344/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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