Cranach - Friedrich the Wise, Elector of Saxony [left wing of the triptych]
Friedrich the Wise, Elector of Saxony [left wing of the triptych]
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Hamburger Kunsthalle
27.05.2020 - 10:20
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_HKH_HK-606a
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_HKH_HK-606a
FR (1978) No.FR338
Title:
Friedrich the Wise, Elector of Saxony [left wing of the triptych][Cat. Hamburg 2007, No. 606]
The three Electors of Saxony: Johann the Steadfast [left wing of the triptych][Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 338]
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Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Cat. Hamburg 2007, No. 606] [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 338]
Dating:
after 1532[Cat. Hamburg 2007, No. 606]
about 1535[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 338]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerHamburger Kunsthalle
RepositoryHamburger Kunsthalle
LocationHamburg
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 68.7 x 32.3 cm [Cat. Hamburg 2007, No. 606]
Support:
Painting on beech wood [Cat. Hamburg 2007, No. 606] [Klein, Report 1992]
Signature / Date:
None
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
- printed and varnished verse (Lobverse) in two columns attached to the bottom third of the panel, the lettering was originally gilded: First column: 'FRIEDERICH DER DRIT: CHUR- FURST VND HERTZOG ZU SACHSSEN.' Second column: 'Fridrich bin ich billich genand Schönenfrid ich erhilet ym land. Durch gros vernunfft: geduld vnd glück Widder manchem ertzbösem tück. Das land ich ziere mit bebew Vnd stifft ein hohe Schul auffs new. Zu Wittemberg ym Sachssenland Inn der welt die ward bekand. Denn aus der selb kam Gottes wort Vnd thet gros ding an manchem ort. Das Bepstlich Reich störtzt es nidder. Vnd bracht rechten glauben widder. Zum Keisar war erkoren ich Des mein alter beschweret sich. Dafür ich Keisar Carl erwelt Von dem mich nicht wand gonst noch gelt.' [Cat. Hamburg 2007, No. 606]
Description:
The left wing of the triptych depicts a half-length portrait of Friedrich the Wise in front of an expansive landscape. The landscape extends across all three panels. The elector wears a fur-trimmed black cloak, a black beret and has a grey beard. He is turned to the right, and wears a ring on the index finger of his right hand. In contrast with Johann the Steadfast on the central panel Friedrich occupies almost the entire pictorial space. There is a text block in bottom third of the painting, which serves as a sort of balustrade for the elector. [Görres, cda 2012]
Provenance:
- the collection of Martin Hinrichs Cords, Hamburg
- auction of the Cords Collection, Hamburg (Noodt), 9.1.1815, No.1 (not sold)
- the collection of Martin Hinrichs Cords, Hamburg 1842. the owner is probably a younger relative of the in 1814 deceased Martin Hinrichs Cords.
- 1917 acquired from a private collection in Hamburg with funding from the Oelrich-Legats and the Eduard-Ludewig-Behrens-Testament

[Cat. Hamburg 2007, No. 606]
Exhibitions:
- Hamburg 1842, No. 41
- Hamburg 1937, No. 7
- Hamburg 1973, No. 4
- Hamburg 1983, No. 79
- Torgau 2004, No. 212

[Cat. Hamburg 2007, No. 606]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018152under nos. 27, 28
Teget-Welz 2018218, 219Fig. 6
Trümper 201522, 23Fig. 6
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 2015111
Messling 20102319
Cat. Hamburg 2007606
Exhib. Cat. Prague 200586, 87 (English version 35)under no. 16Fig. p. 87
Exhib. Cat. Torgau 2004153212
Exhib. Cat. Magdeburg 1998130under No. 29
Bünsche 1998 A61
Cat. Nuremberg 1997146-148
Schneede, Leppien 199792-93
Bierende 2006330-333
Grimm 199432
Hinz 1994 A49
Schneede, Leppien 1994224p. 32
Klein 1994 B215
Klein 1994 A195, 197,198Tabs. 1, 6
Hinz 199381-83
Christensen 199246-4715
Cat. Weimar 198849
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1983334under No. E 44
Exhib. Cat. Nuremberg 1983448under No. 619
Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 1983 B238under No. 106
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979338
Bertram 197825
Hentzen 196939
Lankheit 195934pl. 16
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932272
Cat. Hamburg 193028-29
Cat. Hamburg 195644-45
Cat. Hamburg 196644-45
Pauli 192510fig. p. 21
Cat. Hamburg 192129-30
Cat. Hamburg 191829-30
Pauli 192035-3621
Jahresbericht Hamburg 19176-8
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.08.2012
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Hamburger Kunsthalle - Friedrich the Wise, Elector of Saxony [left wing of the triptych] - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing

  • - an underdrawing is not readily visible; reinforced traced lines in the face? A few fine lines applied with a brush are visible in the hands
    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2013]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • Date: 14.05.1992
    • Scientific analysis
    • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
    • Support
    • Identification of wood species: beech wood
      youngest annual ring: 1529
      • analysed by: Peter Klein