Johann the Steadfast, Elector of Saxony

Johann the Steadfast, Elector of Saxony

Title

Johann the Steadfast, Elector of Saxony

[Klassik Stiftung Weimar, revised 2011]

Painting on beech wood

Medium

Painting on beech wood

[Klein, Report 1994]
[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 40]

The elector wears a black robe with a broad fur collar. His has black cutlets. On the thumb of his left hand he wears a single ring. He is shown in front of a landscape facing left.

[Görres, cda 2015]

Attributions
Lucas Cranach the Elder and workshop
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attributions

Lucas Cranach the Elder and workshop

[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 40]

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 436]

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Exhib. Cat. Weimar 2015, 152]

Production date
about 1526

Production date

about 1526

[Exhib. Cat. Weimar 2015, 152] [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 436] [Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 40]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 54.2 x 38.4 x 0.9 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 54.2 x 38.4 x 0.9 cm

  • [Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 40]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia at the top on the rocky outcrop: winged serpent with elevated wings, facing left

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia at the top on the rocky outcrop: winged serpent with elevated wings, facing left

  • [CDA 2010]

Owner
Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums
Repository
Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums
Location
Weimar
CDA ID
DE_KSW_G6
FR (1978) Nr.
FR311A
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSW_G6/

Provenance

  • probably an early acquisition, recorded in Weimar in the archduke's art collection (Großherzoglichen Kunstsammlung) since 1851
    [Hoffmann, Cat Weimar 1992, 40]

Exhibitions

Erfurt 1903, No. 156
Weimar, Wittenberg 1953, No. 28
Dresden 1971, No. 113
Weimar 1972, No. 29

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018 172 under no. 37
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 2015 152, 153 103 Fig. 103
EditorWolfgang Holler, Karin Kolb
TitleCranach in Weimar, [Weimar, Schiller-Museum, 3 April - 14 June 2015]
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication2015
Heydenreich 2007 B 34 9
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
Title"... dass Du mit wunderbarer Schnelligkeit malest". Virtuosität und Effizienz in der künstlerischen Praxis Lucas Cranachs d. Ä.
Publicationin Bodo Brinkmann, ed., Cranach der Ältere, Exhib. Cat. FrankfurtA
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Pages29-47
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005 436 under No. 35 Fig. 193
EditorHarald Marx, Karin Kolb, Ingrid Mössinger
TitleCranach Anlässlich der Ausstellung Cranach vom 13. November 2005 bis 12. März 2006 in den Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz. Eine Ausstellung in Kooperation mit der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister der Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Cat. Weimar 1992 40-41 012
AuthorHelga Hoffmann
EditorKunstsammlungen zu Weimar
TitleKunstsammlungen zu Weimar. Die deutschen Gemälde des XVI. Jahrhunderts
Place of PublicationFulda
Year of Publication1992
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 No. 311A
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 1972 B No. 29
EditorSchlossmuseum Weimar
TitleLucas Cranach 1472-1553. Ein großer Maler in bewegter Zeit
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1972
Schade 1972 A
AuthorWerner Schade
TitleBeobachtungen zur Arbeitsweise in Cranachs Werkstatt
JournalKunsterziehung
Issue7/8
Year of Publication1972
Pages7-10
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1971 No. 113
EditorStaatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
TitleDeutsche Kunst der Dürerzeit
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1971
Exhib. Cat. Weimar, Wittenberg 1953 28
AuthorWalther Scheidig
EditorDeutsche Lucas Cranach Komitee
TitleLucas Cranach Ausstellung. Weimar und Wittenberg
Place of PublicationWeimar, Wittenberg
Year of Publication1953
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 250
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Cat. Weimar 1913 No. 144
EditorWillibald Hermens
TitleKatalog des Groszherzoglichen Museums zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1913
Cat. Weimar 1910 134
Authorn. a.
TitleKatalog des Groszherzoglichen Museums zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
IssueSixth edition
Year of Publication1910
Exhib. Cat. Erfurt 1903 156
EditorOskar Doering
TitleKatalog der kunstgeschichtlichen Ausstellung zu Erfurt, September 1903
Place of PublicationMagdeburg
Year of Publication1903
Link https://archive.org/details/katalogderkunstg00ange/page/n1/mode/2up
Michaelson 1902 85 f.
AuthorHedwig Michaelson
TitleLukas Cranach der Ältere. Untersuchung über die stilistische Entwicklung seiner Kunst
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1902
Devrient 1897 112 No. 23
AuthorErnst Devrient
TitleDie älteren Ernestiner
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1897
Cat. Weimar 1894 33 No. 13
Authorn. a.
TitleKatalog des Groszherzoglichen Museums zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1894
Cat. Weimar 1884 26 No. 9
Authorn. a.
TitleKatalog des Groszherzoglichen Museums zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1884
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 1883 No. 56
EditorKarl Ruland
TitleDie Luther-Ausstellung des Großherzoglichen Museums zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1883
Cat. Weimar 1874 38 No. 64
Authorn. a.
TitleKatalog des Groszherzoglichen Museums zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1874
Cat. Weimar 1869 31, 33 ? No. 45
Authorn. a.
TitleKatalog des Groszherzoglichen Museums zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1869
Cat. Weimar 1867 No. 103
AuthorSixt Thon
EditorKunstsammlungen zu Weimar
TitleKatalog der Großherzoglichen Kunstsammlung im Palais zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1867
Parthey 1863-1864 692 (Bd. 1) No. 244
AuthorGustav Parthey
TitleDeutscher Bildersaal. Verzeichnis der in Deutschland vorhandenen Oelbilder verstorbener Maler aller Schulen
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1864
Schuchardt 1851 C 127 405
AuthorChristian Schuchardt
TitleLucas Cranach des Aeltern Leben und Werke. Zweiter Theil
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1851
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schuchardt1851bd2
  • Johann the Steadfast, Elector of Saxony, about 1526

Images

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Technical studies

06.10.2014Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • X-radiography
  • x_radiograph

Equipment: ERESCO 42 MF 4 from the company GE.

Scanner: CRxFlex.

Parameters:: 50 KV, 8mA, 20 seconds

Distance from objectt: 3m

[HfBK Dresden, Prof. I. Mohrmann, K. Risse, 06.10.2014]

  • created by HfBK Dresden
  • created by K. Risse
  • created by I. Mohrmann

2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- dry drawing material in combination with a fluid, black medium and brush

Type/Ductus:

- copied lines and freehand underdrawing in the hands

- thin lines

Function:

- binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe essential details and the facial features; no representation of volume

Deviations:

- minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- not possible

Comments:

- probably transferred from a pre-existing design (traced?)

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2013]

  • photographed by Ingo Sandner
  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich

30.09.1994Scientific analysis

  • Dendrochronology / identification of wood species

Support

Identification of wood species: beech wood

Plank I: 94 annual rings, 1522 - 1429; plank II: 73 annual rings, 1519 - 1447; plank III: 99 annual rings, 1509 - 1411

Youngest annual ring for all panels from the same tree: 1524

[Klein Report, 30.09.1994]

  • analysed by Peter Klein

1992Technical Examination

Support

- three horizontal planks

- the joins are reinforced with jute [probably not jute, comment cda]

- the reverse of the panel exhibits a slight bevel running along all four sides

- the painted edge of the panel has been preserved on the sides

[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 40]

1953Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • X-radiography
  • created by Institut für Denkmalpflege, Halle

Condition Reports

Date1990

The panel appears to have been cropped by about 4 cm at the top and trimmed minimally at the bottom. The condition of the paint surface is good, with only a few retouches in the hair and the sky.

[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 40]

Conservation History

Date1970

  • new varnish

[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 40]

Date1949

no information

[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 40]

Date1868

no information

[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 40]

  • conservation treatment by W. Kemlein

Support made from the same tree

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Johann the Steadfast, Elector of Saxony', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSW_G6/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Johann the Steadfast, Elector of Saxony', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSW_G6/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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