Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg, Prince of Mainz (1490 - 1545) as St Jerome

Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg, Prince of Mainz (1490 - 1545) as St Jerome

Title

Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg, Prince of Mainz (1490 - 1545) as St Jerome

[CDA 2010]

Painting on beech wood (Fagus sp.)

Medium

Painting on beech wood (Fagus sp.)

[Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
[Klein, Report 1997]

Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg, Prince of Mainz (1490 - 1545) as St Jerome. The Cardinal who is surrounded by forest animals sits between bushes and writes on a table supported by logs. A lion rests at his feet. The Cardinal's hat hangs on a tree to the left. The cross

Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg, Prince of Mainz (1490 - 1545) as St Jerome. The Cardinal who is surrounded by forest animals sits between bushes and writes on a table supported by logs. A lion rests at his feet. The Cardinal's hat hangs on a tree to the left. The cross rises to the right. A caravan, which stole the cloister donkey and was chased away by the lion, enters the cloister on a hill in the middle distance.

[Gemäldegalerie Berlin, Unsinn 2010]

Attributions
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Hans Cranach

Attributions

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]

Hans Cranach

[Flechsig 1900 A, 263, 264]

Production date
1527

Production date

1527

[dated]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 56.9 x 37.4 x 0.8 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 56.9 x 37.4 x 0.8 cm

  • Dimensions including frame: 69 x 49.6 cm

  • [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia on the tree trunk on the right: winged serpent with elevated wings and dated '1527'.

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia on the tree trunk on the right: winged serpent with elevated wings and dated '1527'.

Owner
Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
Repository
Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
Location
Berlin
CDA ID
DE_smbGG_589
FR (1978) Nr.
FR184
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_smbGG_589/

Provenance

  • 1821 acquired with the Solly Collection

[Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]

Exhibitions

Dresden 1899, no. 37
Berlin 1937, no. 66
Weimar, Wittenberg 1953, no. 90
Berlin 1973, no. 4
Berlin-Staatsbibliothek 1983
Berlin-Gropiusbau 1987
Halle (Saale) 2006, no. 91
Frankfurt am Main 2008, 87, Fig. 5
Brussels 2010, 14, no. 6

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018 36, 142 under no. 2
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Heydenreich 2015 120, Fn. 36
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleHans Cranach. Auf der Suche nach seinem verlorenen Oeuvre
Publicationin Elke E. Werner, Anne Eusterschulte, Gunnar Heydenreich, eds., Lucas Cranach der Jüngere und die Reformation der Bilder
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2015
Link https://lucascranach.org/application/files/5415/6232/3883/Heydenreich_2015_-_Hans_Cranach.pdf
Pages116 -127
Sandner, Heydenreich, Smith-Contini 2015 132, Fn. 34
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich, Ingo Sandner, Helen Smith-Contini
TitleVeränderungen beim Unterzeichnen in Cranachs Werkstatt und die Arbeitsweise von Sohn Lucas
Publicationin Elke E. Werner, Anne Eusterschulte, Gunnar Heydenreich, eds., Lucas Cranach der Jüngere und die Reformation der Bilder
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2015
Link https://lucascranach.org/application/files/4615/6232/3882/Goerres_2015_-_Fuersten_und_Buerger.pdf
Pages128-141
Tacke 2015 84, 85 Fig. 3
AuthorAndreas Tacke
TitleGleich dem Kaninchen vor der Schlange? Altgläubige und die Wittenberger Bildpropaganda.
Publicationin Julia Carrasco, Justus Lange, Benjamin D. Spira, Timo Trümper, Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein Gotha and Museumslandschaft Hessen Kassel, eds., Bild und Botschaft. Cranach im Dienst von Hof und Reformation, [Exhib. Cat. Gotha, Kassel]
Place of PublicationHeidelberg
Year of Publication2015
Pages82-90
Poppe 2014 p. 18
AuthorSonja Poppe
TitleBibel und Bild. Die Cranachschule als Malwerkstatt der Reformation
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication2014
Borggrefe 2010 68, Fn. 32
AuthorHeiner Borggrefe
TitleLucas Cranach vs. Tiziano. Il ritratto nell'ambito della politica europea; Lucas Cranach vs. Titian. Portraiture and European Politics
Publicationin Anna Coliva, Bernhard Aikema, eds., Cranach l'altro rinascimento, a different Renaissance, Exhib. Cat. Rome
Place of PublicationMilan
Year of Publication2010
Pages62 - 73
Messling 2010 14 6
AuthorGuido Messling
TitleBlicke auf Cranach
Publicationin Guido Messling, ed., Die Welt des Lucas Cranach. Ein Künstler im Zeitalter von Dürer, Tizian und Metsys, Exhib. Cat. Brussels
Place of PublicationBrussels
Year of Publication2010
Pages12-25
Buck 2007 39-42 Fig. 15
AuthorStephanie Buck
TitleFraming the image. Lucas Cranach's 'Adam and Eve' and book illustration
Publicationin Caroline Campbell, ed., Temptation in Eden. Lucas Cranach's Adam and Eve, Exhib. Cat. London
Place of PublicationLondon
Year of Publication2007
Decot 2007 Fig. 13
AuthorRolf Decot
TitleEin Kirchenfürst in schwieriger Zeit: Albrecht von Brandenburg (1513/14-1545)
Publicationin Gerhard Ermischer, Andreas Tacke, eds., Cranach im Exil. Aschaffenburg um 1540. Zuflucht, Schatzkammer, Residenz, Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2007
Pages55-75
Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007 296 No. 40 Fig. p. 296
EditorGerhard Ermischer, Andreas Tacke
TitleCranach im Exil. Aschaffenburg um 1540. Zuflucht - Schatzkammer - Residenz. Ausstellungskatalog Schloss Johannisburg und Kunsthalle Jesuitenkirche
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2007
Heydenreich 2007 A 73, 398 Figs. 53, 126, 145
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleLucas Cranach the Elder
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
Year of Publication2007
Link https://lucascranach.org/application/files/6116/2097/3099/Heydenreich_2007_Lucas_Cranach_the_Elder.pdf
Heydenreich 2007 B 39 18
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
Title"... dass Du mit wunderbarer Schnelligkeit malest". Virtuosität und Effizienz in der künstlerischen Praxis Lucas Cranachs d. Ä.
Publicationin Bodo Brinkmann, ed., Cranach der Ältere, Exhib. Cat. FrankfurtA
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Pages29-47
Tacke 2007 C 87 5
AuthorAndreas Tacke
TitleMit Cranachs Hilfe: Antireformatorische Kunstwerke vor dem Tridentiner Konzil
Publicationin Bodo Brinkmann, ed., Cranach der Ältere, Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Link http://archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/artdok/volltexte/2012/2000
Pages81-89
Exhib. Cat. Halle 2006 188, 191 091 Pl. p. 191
EditorThomas Schauerte
TitleDer Kardinal Albrecht von Brandenburg. Renaissancefürst und Mäzen. Bd. 1: Katalog
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2006
Cat. Berlin 1996 34 Fig. 64
AuthorRainald Grosshans, Henning Bock
EditorStaatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
TitleGemäldegalerie Berlin. Gesamtverzeichnis
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1996
Klein 1994 A 195, 196, 199 Tabs. 1, 4, 8
AuthorPeter Klein
TitleLucas Cranach und seine Werkstatt. Holzarten und dendrochronologische Analyse
Publicationin Claus Grimm, Johannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhoff, eds.,Lucas Cranach. Ein Maler-Unternehmer aus Franken, Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994
SeriesVeröffentlichungen zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur
Volume26
Place of PublicationAugsburg, Coburg
Year of Publication1994
Pages194-200
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 107 No. 184 Fig. 184
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Cat. Berlin 1975 A 118
EditorStaatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
TitleKatalog der ausgestellten Gemälde des 13. - 18. Jahrhunderts
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1975
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 104 under No. 47
AuthorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522
Schade 1974 Plate 142
AuthorWerner Schade
TitleDie Malerfamilie Cranach
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1974
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schade1974
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1973 No. 4
AuthorWilhelm H. Köhler, Frank Steigerwald
TitleLucas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen, Druckgraphik
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1973
Ruhmer 1963 Plate 23
AuthorEberhard Ruhmer
TitleCranach
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication1963
Exhib. Cat. Weimar, Wittenberg 1953 No. 90
AuthorWalther Scheidig
EditorDeutsche Lucas Cranach Komitee
TitleLucas Cranach Ausstellung. Weimar und Wittenberg
Place of PublicationWeimar, Wittenberg
Year of Publication1953
Lüdecke 1953 A 64
AuthorHeinz Lüdecke
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere im Spiegel seiner Zeit. Aus Urkunden, Chroniken, Briefen, Reden und Gedichten
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1953
Lilienfein 1942 66 Fig. 85
AuthorHeinrich Lilienfein
TitleLukas Cranach und seine Zeit
Place of PublicationBielefeld
Year of Publication1942
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1937 29 066 Pl. 48
EditorStaatliche Museen, Berlin
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä. und Lucas Cranach d. J. Gemälde, Zeichnungen, Graphik
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1937
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 156
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Flechsig 1900 A 263, 264
AuthorEduard Flechsig
TitleCranachstudien
Volume1
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1900
Link page/n5/mode/2up
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1899 No. 37
EditorKarl Woermann
TitleDeutsche Kunstausstellung Dresden 1899. Abteilung Cranach-Ausstellung. Wissenschaftliches Verzeichnis der ausgestellten Werke
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1899
Link http://resolver.staatsbibliothek-berlin.de/SBB00002A2400000000
Schuchardt 1851 C 19-20 24
AuthorChristian Schuchardt
TitleLucas Cranach des Aeltern Leben und Werke. Zweiter Theil
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1851
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schuchardt1851bd2
Cat. Berlin 1830 145 No. 69
AuthorGustav Friedrich Waagen
EditorKönigliches Museum, Berlin
TitleVerzeichniß der Gemälde-Sammlung des Königlichen Museums zu Berlin
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1830
  • Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg, Prince of Mainz (1490 - 1545) as St Jerome, 1527

Images

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Technical studies

01. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- occasionally and only barely visible, fine brush or dry drawing material?

Type/Ductus:

- freehand underdrawing?

- delicate, fine lines

Function:

- binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours; no representation of volume

Deviations:

- minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- not possible

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology

Support

- the panel (thickness: 0.8 cm) consists of 3 horizontal planks. The joins are glued. The annual rings were counted on the right and left side of each plank. The wood species is beech and not lime. The top plank has 123/122 annual rings, the middle one 69/70 and dthe bottom one 109/106.

- extensive woodworm, well glued.

According to the most recent examination carried out by Dr. Peter Klein the three planks are from the same tree as those used for the following paintings:

- DE_KBSB_B60_FR312-313C

- DE_KBSB_B59_FR312-313C

- DE_KSW_G6_FR311A (Brett I+II)

- DE_SKK_0109_FR255

- DE_SMG_SG17_FR312-313D

- US_IMA_2000-344_FR218 (Brett II + III)

- DE_smbGG_564_FR271

- S-1994-224, FIN_FNG_S-1994-224_FR-none

- AT_KHM_GG883_FR152

- Martin Luther, Oldenburg, 52.

- Martin Luther, Private Collection.

- Martin Luther, Darmstadt Hessisches Landesmuseum, GK 73.

- Venus, Paris Louvre, 1180.

- Portrait of Margrave Georg the Devout of Brandenburg-Ansbach, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, John G.

Johnson Collection, 139 (Brett II).

- A Faun and his Family, Donaueschingen, 97.

- Portrait of Magdalena of Sachsen, Chicago, 1938.310 (Brett III).

Ground and Imprimatura

- a barbe at the edge of the painted surface has been preserved on all four sides

[Handwritten in the documentation file]

Framing

- lime wood

- partially gilded

  • written by Christine Unsinn

2000Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Micro-sampling / cross-sections
  • analysis
  • analysis
  • analysis
  • analysis

CDA ID/Inventory No: DE_smbGG_589

Object No: Fr 184

Cross-section No.: EP 138

Brief description of paint: blue sky

Sample location: upper edge, centre

Sample No.: 197

Observations:

3. dark layer, varnish?

2. blue layer, very fine blue pigment particles (azurite?) and a few white particles

1. thin white layer > imprimatura?

0.white layer, ground

Comments: very fine blue, azurite?

[cda 2015]

  • analysed by Aviva Burnstock
  • analysed by Gunnar Heydenreich

17.02.1997Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology

Support

Identification of wood species: beech wood

Youngest annual ring: 1523

[Klein Report, 17.02.1997]

  • analysed by Peter Klein

21.01.1979 - 26.01.1979Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • analysis

Support

Identification of wood species: beech wood

[Klein report, 21.01.1979]

  • written by Peter Klein

Support made from the same tree

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg, Prince of Mainz (1490 - 1545) as St Jerome', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_smbGG_589/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg, Prince of Mainz (1490 - 1545) as St Jerome', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_smbGG_589/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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